Home > Aqidah, Barelwis, Refutations, Shirk, Sufism, Weak and fabricated Hadith > After Adam committed the sin====weak and fabricated hadith.

After Adam committed the sin====weak and fabricated hadith.

 

On the authority of Umar bin Al-Khattab (radiallahu anhu) that the Prophet said: When Adam committed the sin he raised his head to the Throne and said, I ask You through the right of Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) for your forgiveness. Allah asked Adam, How do you know Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) when I have not created him. He (Adam) said: O’ Allah! After you created me and breathed into me your soul I raised my head and saw written on the Throne ” There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah “. I then came to know that you would not put anyone’s name next to Yours except the one who is most dear to you in your creation. Allah said: You have said the truth O Adam! Indeed he is most dear to me among the creation. Invoke me through his right. Indeed I have forgiven you. And if there was no Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), I would not have created you”

[Ref: Mustadrak Al-Hakim Vol 2 Hadith 4228 and Baihaqi in Dalail Al-Nabuwwah Vol.5, Page 489]

 

 

Observation of the Chain of Narrators:

This narration is weak because of two narrators. They are Abdul Rahman bin Zaid bin Aslam who is weak as is evident in the books of rijaal and Abdullah bin Muslim Fihri who is Majhool i.e. not enough data is available to know who he is. See Lisan ul Meezan and Meezan ul Aitidal for details.

 

The narrator before Fihri is Abdullah bin Muslim bin Rushaid. Ibn Hibban mentioned that he was accused of fabricating ahadith. He used to fabricate ahadith upon Lais, Malik and Ibn Lhiya. His ahadith should not be written. Ibn Hajar in Lisan ul Meezan (Page 360 Vol.3) hinted that Abdullah bin Muslim bin Rushaid and Abdullah bin Muslim Al-Fihri, might be the same person.

 

Regarding Abdul Rahman bin Zaid, Ibn Hibban said that he brought about changes in ahadith without having enough knowledge about them. So much so that Mursal ahadith narrated by him have been made Marfoo and Mauqoof ahadith to Musnad. For this reason it was thought that he should be left out.

 

Imam Zahbi declared this hadith “Batil” (False). See Talkhees Al-Mustadrak and Meezan ul Aitidal.

 

Hafiz Ibn Hajar declared it false in Lisan ul Meezan.

 

Imam Bayhaqi mentioned this in Dalail Al-Nabuwwah and he said Abdul Rahman bin Zaid is weak, Ibne-e-Kathir in Tareekh Al-Bidaya wa Al-Nihaya acknowledged it.

 

Sheikhul Islam Ibn Taimiyyah says in “Qaidah Al-Jaleelah fi Al-Tawassal Wal-Wasila”: Narrating of this hadith by Imam Hakim is such an act that has been disapproved of. According to Ibn Taimiyyah, Muhadditheen agree upon the weakness of Abdul Rahman bin Zaid. Ibn Jauzi also has the same opinion.

 

Imam Hakim says in Al-Madkhal Ila Ma’rifah Al-Saheeh min Al-Saqeem that Abdul Rahman bin Zaid bin Aslam narrated “Maudoo” fabricated ahadith from his father. Abu Naeem said the same thing.

According to Ali bin Madeeni and Ibn Saad Abdul Rahman bin Zaid is extremely weak.

 

According to Imam Tahawi Abdul Rahman’s ahadith are considered weak among the muhadditheen.

 

Allama Haithmi also held it weak. See Majma al-Zawaid

 

 

The hadith is narrated on the authority of Umar bin Khattab (radiallahu anhu). Had it been authentic, Umar (radiallahu anhu) would never have turned away from this methodology of supplicating with wasila in relation to rank or status of a dead person. But the correct hadith in Bukhari clearly shows that after the death of the Prophet, Umar bin Khattab went to his Uncle Abbas (radiallahu anhu) in need of invocation for rain. If he actually narrated the above mentioned hadith then why did he not intimate wasila of the Prophet after his death and on the contrary went to his uncle for his prayers and supplication?

 

Quran itself describes the method by which Adam (alayihs salam) repented, Allah said:

Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration, and His Lord turned towards him; for He is Oft-Returning, Most Merciful [Al-Quran 2:37]

The words are mentioned in Quran in Surah Al-A’raf. They said:

Our Lord! we have wronged our own souls. If You will not forgive us and bestow upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be lost [Al-Quran 7:23]

 

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