Home > 8. Shaban, Barelwis, Bidah (Innovation), Islamic Months, Knowledge (iLm), Refutations, Weak and fabricated Hadith > Celebrtaing 15th of Shaban is not in any authentic hadith (it’s a bidah)

Celebrtaing 15th of Shaban is not in any authentic hadith (it’s a bidah)

 

Assalamu alaykum.

THERE IS NO MENTION OF SHAB E BARAT IN QURAN AND AUTHENTIC HADITH.

 

If you search for the word ‘shaban’ within the SAHIH HADITHS you will find :

1. Shaban is the month preceding RAMADAN

 

BUKHARI:  Volume 3, Book 31, Number 133:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet or Abu-l-Qasim said,

“Start fasting on seeing the crescent (of Ramadan), and give up fasting on seeing the crescent (of Shawwal), and if the sky is overcast (and you cannot see it), complete thirty days of Sha’ban.”

 

 

2. Shaban is a month when Ayesha(RadiAllahu anha) offered missed Fasts

 

BUKHARI: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 171:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Sometimes I missed some days of Ramadan, but could not fast in lieu of them except in the month of Sha’ban.” Said Yahya, a sub-narrator, “She used to be busy serving the Prophet .”

 

MUSLIM: Book 006, Number 2549:

Abu Salama reported: I heard ‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) as saying:

I had to complete some of the fasts of Ramadan, but I could not do it but during the month of Sha’ban due to my duties to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) or with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him).

 

 

3. The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) fasted more in the month of Shaban than he ever did in any other month outside of RAMADAN.

 

BUKHARI: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 190:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Allah’s Rusul used to fast till one would say that he would never stop fasting, and he would abandon fasting till one would say that he would never fast. I never saw Allah’s Apostle fasting for a whole month except the month of Ramadan, and did not see him fasting in any month more than in the month of Sha’ban.

 

 

BUKHARI: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 191:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet never fasted in any month more than in the month of Sha’ban. He used to say, “Do those deeds which you can do easily, as Allah will not get tired (of giving rewards) till you get bored and tired (of performing religious deeds).”

 

The most beloved prayer to the Prophet was the one that was done regularly (throughout the life) even if it were little. And whenever the Prophet offered a prayer he used to offer it regularly .

 

 

MUSLIM: Book 006, Number 2580:

‘A’isha, the Mother of the Believers (Allah be pleased with her), reported that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to observe fasts (so conti- nuously) that we said that he would not break, and did not observe (them) till we said that he would not fast: and I did not see the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) completing the fast of a month, but that of Ramadan, and I did not see him fasting more in any other month than that of Sha’ban.

 

 

MUSLIM: Book 006, Number 2582:

‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) did not observe fast in any month of the year more than in the month of Sha’ban, and used to say: Do as many deeds as you are capable of doing, for Allah will not become weary (of giving you reward), but you would be tired (of doing good deeds) ; and he also said: The deed liked most by Allah is one to which the doer adheres constantly even if it is small.

 

 

WHY the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) fasted more in the month of Shaban than any other month outside of Ramadan.

 

A. Either to get his physical body into shape before the month of Ramadan (because fasting immediately in Ramadan after a 11 month gap, is streneous on the body. So if one does preparation work upfront, by doing optional fasts before the mandatory fasting, then it becomes easier. Just like a warm-up exercise before the full exercise).

 

 

B. Something special about the MONTH of SHABAN

(Note the MONTH OF SHABAN, not a DAY OF SHABAN)

 

c. Usamah ibn Zayd (may Allah be pleased with both of them) was reported to have said that he asked the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), “I have not seen you observe additional fast during any month as you do in Sha`ban?” He (peace and blessings be upon him) replied, “This is a month that people usually forget about between Rajab and Ramadan, and it is a month in which people’s deeds are presented to Allah, so I like that my deeds are presented while I am fasting” (An-Nasa’i).

 

NOTE in this HADITH that days of SHABAN are implied : “I did not see him fasting more in any other month than that of Sha’ban.” Nowhere does it state that the Prophet fasted only on the 15th of SHABAN.

 

 

4. There appears to be some merit in fasting the last days of Shaban

 

BUKHARI: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 204:

Narrated Mutarrif from ‘Imran Ibn Husain:

That the Prophet asked him (Imran) or asked a man and Imran was listening,

“O Abu so-and-so! Have you fasted the last days of this month?”

(The narrator thought that he said, “the month of Ramadan”).

The man replied, “No, O Allah’s Apostle!” The Prophet said to him,

“When you finish your fasting (of Ramadan) fast two days (in Shawwal).”

Through another series of narrators ‘Imran said, “The Prophet said, ‘

(Have you fasted) the last days of Sha’ban?”

 

 

Abu DAWUD: Book 13, Number 2425:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:

The month most liked by the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) for fasting was Sha’ban. He then joined it with Ramadan.

 

NOTE : There is no mention of a DAY. DAYS of SHABAN or the MONTH of SHABAN are mentioned.

 

 

REALIZE THE “NO AUTHENTIC REFERENCE OF QURAN & HADITH GIVEN” OR “WEAK REFERENCE GIVEN” WHEN PEOPLE TALK ABOUT 15th SHABAN NIGHT OR SHAB-E-BARAAT..

 

Nothing firm and reliable has been established on the authority of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), that he held 15th shaban prayer and fasted during the day of the 15th of Sha`ban. So, the night of the 15th of Sha`ban is like any other night, and if someone regularly observes acts of worship during other nights, then he may hold night of 15th shaban without assuming anything special

 

 

This is because specifying a time for any act of worship requires an authentic proof, so if there is no authentic proof then the act is regarded as an innovation and all innovations are misguidance. Likewise, regarding specifically fasting during the 15th day of Sha`ban, then no (authentic) proof has been established on the authority of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) to indicate the legality of fasting on that particular day.

 

The well-known Saudi scholar, Sheikh ibn `Uthaymeen, said :

What is correct is that fasting on the 15th of Sha`ban or specifying it with reciting (the Qur’an) or making (particular) supplications on that day has no basis. So that day is like any other 15th day of other months. Something that is clear is that it has been made permissible for a person to fast on the 13th, 14th, and 15th of every month. However, Sha`ban is somehow special (except for Ramadan) in the sense that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to fast more in the month of Sha`ban than any other month.

Therefore, as long as it does not involve any hardship, one can increase his fasting days during Sha`ban, emulating the example of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him.

 

 

MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT 15th SHABAN NIGHT… WHAT DO THE PEOPLE SAY ????

1- it is a special night that someone HAS to spend on doing good deeds and if anyone misses such a night then they have missed a good night.

 

2- In other words, such a night has been made special as if this night was like the night of power

 

3- There are also some Muslims who think life and death decisions are made on this night

 

4- A tree exists that determines who will be born in the next year and who will die in the next year. But the hadith which this comes from is considered very weak indeed, or unreliable.

 

5- The 15th Shaban has been elevated to a special night when neither the QURAN or HADITHS have elevated this night into some special night of ibadah.

 

6- In the hadith reported by Imam At-Tabarani, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) is reported to have said: “Truly, there are nafahat (blessed seasons or days) in which your Lord vouchsafes plentiful mercy. So, make sure that you make the best use of such seasons!” People relate SHAB-E-BARAAT as such season too.

 

7- People say : On shab e barat, Prophet PBUH got married to HOORS in jannat…. No authentic reference was found for this information.

 

8- Some people believe that in Surat Ad-Dukhan (44:3-4) there is a reference to this night as Allah says, (We sent it (the Qur’an) down during a blessed night. We are truly Warners. In that night is made distinct every affair of wisdom.) But the night referred to here cannot be a Sha`ban night because it is said here clearly that the Qur’an was revealed in this night. We know from the Surat Al-Qadr (97) that the Qur’an was revealed in the Night of Qadr and we also know from the Qur’an (Al-Baqarah 2:185) that the Qur’an was revealed in the month of Ramadan. So it is obvious that the night of the revelation of the Qur’an was in Ramadan, not Sha`ban, and that it was laylat ul-qadr (The Night of Power) not shab-e-barat. (Dr. Muzzamil Siddiqi, former President of the Islamic Society of North America)

 

9- Some people believe that the spirits of the deceased visit their relatives during this night

 

10- These are many practices and customs common in some Muslim countries, such as making a sweet dish, setting off fireworks, etc. These things have no meaning and no reference in hadiths.

 

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  1. June 14, 2014 at 1:01 am

    Wa `Alaykum Asalaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Baarakatuhu.

    Like

  2. sam
    May 19, 2016 at 7:33 pm

    The Night of Mid-Sha’baan: Sunnah or Bid’ah?
    Posted by: AbuSanaa on: August 5, 2009
    In: Uncategorized 1 Comment
    This week will come the 15th night of Sha’baan, in which millions of Muslims worldwide will engage in fervent worship and duaa, and some of them will fast on the next (15th) day. There has been a lot of debate on the merits of this night. Some have declared it squarely a reprehensible innovation (bid’ah), considering it not in any way special over other nights. On the other hand, the majority of Muslims view it as special and blessed, in which sins are forgiven and favours are bestowed. In view of finding the right way between imputative denial and extremist exaggeration, let us see what the Islamic sources say about it.
    The name
    In many places, the night is called Shab-e-baraat, which is the Urdu-Persian version of Arabic Laylat-ul-baraa’ah, which means the night of salvation (from sins, following forgiveness, and hence from the fire). In hadith, it is commonly termed the night of mid-Sha’baan, Laylat an-nisf min Sha’baan, which is the 15th night of the month.
    Hadiths on the night of mid-Sha’baan
    There are dozens of hadith narrations that indicate the merits of the 15th night of Sha’baan, and what happens during that night. Only a few of these are mentioned below. A discussion follows after the hadiths.
    عن عليٍّ كرم الله وجهه قال : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : إذا كانت ليلةُ النِّصف من شعبان ، فقوموا ليْلَهَا وصوموا نهَارَها ، فإنَّ اللهَ تعالى ينزلُ فيهَا لغُرُوب الشَّمس إلى سَمَاء الدُّنيا ، فيقولُ : ألاَ مِنْ مُسْتَغْفِرٍ فأَغْفِرَ له ألا مُسْتَرْزِقٌ فَأَرْزُقَهُ ألاَ مُبْتَلًى فأُعَافِيَهُ ألا كذا ألا كذا حتَّى يَطْلُعَ الفجر
    Ali (ra) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said: When comes the night of mid-Sha’baan, stand in prayer during the night and fast its day, for Allah Exalted descends (in a manner He best knows it) as from sunset to the lowest heaven and says, “Is there anyone seeking forgiveness, so that I forgive him? Is there anyone seeking sustenance, so that I provide him? Is there anyone afflicted, so that I ease him? Except such and such!”, until dawn. [Dar Qutni, Baihaqi, Ibn Majah]
    عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أنَّ النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قام يصلي ليلة النصف من شعبان ، وقال : في هذه الليلة يُكْتَبُ كُلُّ مولودٍ وهالكٍ من بني آدم ، وفيها تُرْفَعُ أعمالهم ، وتنزل أرزاقهم
    Aisha (ra) narrated that the Prophet (saw) stood and prayed in the night of mid-Sha’baan, and said, “In this night, each birth and death among the sons of Adam is written, and in this night, their deeds is raised (to the heavens) and their sustenance descends.” [Baihaqi]
    It is to be understood here that ‘written’ means the descent of the orders from the guarded tablet (al lauh al mahfoodh) to responsible angels; like the distribution of orders.
    Aishah (ra) is reported to have said, “Once the Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, performed the Salah of the night (Tahajjud) and made a very long Sajdah until I feared that he had passed away. When I saw this, I rose (from my bed) and moved his thumb (to ascertain whether he is alive). The thumb moved, and I returned (to my place). Then I heard him saying in Sajdah:
    أعوذُ بعفوك من عقابك ، وأعوذ برضـاك من سخـطك ، وأعـوذ بـك منك ، جلَّ وجهك ، لا أحصي ثناءً عليك ، أنت كما أثنيت على نفسك
    ‘I seek refuge of Your forgiveness from Your punishment, and I seek refuge of Your pleasure from Your wrath, and I seek Your refuge from Yourself. I cannot praise You as fully as You deserve. You are exactly as You have defined Yourself.’
    Thereafter, when he raised his head from Sajdah and finished his salah, he said to me: ‘Aishah, did you think that the Prophet has betrayed you?’ I said, ‘No, O Messenger of Allah, but I was afraid that your soul has been taken away because your Sajdah was very long.’ He asked me, ‘Do you know which night is this?’ I said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘This is the night of the half of Sha’baan. Allah Almighty looks upon His slaves in this night and forgives those who seek forgiveness and bestows His mercy upon those who pray for mercy but keeps those who have malice (against a Muslim) as they were before, (and does not forgive them unless they relieve themselves from malice).’” [Baihaqi]
    عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم : أتاني جبريل – عليه السلام – فقال : هذه الليلة ليلة النصف من شعبان ، ولله فيها عتقاء من النّار بعدد شعور غنم بني كلب ، لا ينظر الله فيها إلى مشرك ، ولا إلى مشـاحـن ، ولا إلى قـاطـع رحـم ، ولا إلى مُسْبل ، ولا إلى عاق لوالديه ، ولا إلى مدمن خمر
    Aisha (ra) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said:… Jibreel came to me and said, “Tonight is the night of mid-Sha’baan. Allah frees in it a large number of the people from Fire, more than the number of the hair growing on the sheep of the tribe of Kalb. But He does not even look at a person who associates partners with Allah, or at a person who nourishes malice in his heart (against someone), or at a person who cuts off the ties of kinship, or at a man who leaves his clothes extending beyond his ankles (as a sign of pride), or at a person who disobeys his parents, or at a person who has a habit of drinking wine…” (this is part of a long hadith)[Baihaqi]
    Kalb was a big tribe the members of which had a very large number of sheep. The hadith indicates the big number of the people who are forgiven in this night by Allah Almighty.
    Discussion
    The reason the minority that rejects the speciality of that night put forward, despite these hadiths, is the claim that none of them is saheeh, and therefore cannot be acted upon. But the following points clearly overbalance that reasoning:
    1. Even if the hadiths are not termed saheeh (authentic) according to some of the most strict muhadditheen (hadith specialists), there is a large number of these hadiths supporting the same elements from different chains of narration, one strengthens the other. This multitude in narration makes the hadiths hasan (sound) at least, thereby making them plausible to be acted upon.
    2. It is a well-established principle among the principles of jurisprudence (usool-ul-fiqh) that hadiths that are not saheeh can be used in matters that pertain only to acts of virtue (mustahhabbaat), as long as they are not used for matters regarding creed (‘aqeedah) and halaal/haraam.
    3. Many of the salaf (rightly-guided imams, tabi’een, scholars of eras close to that of the Prophet (saw) and his companions) have clearly articulated the superiority of that night and have themselves prayed and fasted on that occasion.
    We can therefore conclude that the merits of the 15th night of Sha’baan is well established in sunnah, and that it is an exaggeration and mistake to consider the 15th night of Sha’baan as a night just like any other, and to consider praying specially in it as a reprehensible innovation.
    I will here quote Sheikh Ibn Taymiyya, who, when asked about the importance of the 15th night of Sha’baan, said, “As for the 15th night of Shabaan, there are many narrations and Athar (quotes from the Sahabah) regarding its virtue. It has been reported of the salaf that they prayed in this night. Therefore, praying alone on this night, having precedence in the salaf, is sufficient evidence and something of this kind surely cannot be denied.” [Iqtidaa as siraat al mustaqeem, p266]. The reason I quoted him, among so many other scholars, is that he is reputed for rejecting widely accepted concepts and practices, and his numerous teachings are followed mostly by those today who reject the 15th night of Sha’baan, among others. In that same book, Ibn Taymiyya said, “The excellence of the 15th of Shabaan is an area of dispute between the Scholars, some of them say that there is no significance of this night, but Imam Ahmad (ibn Hanbal) recognises the excellence of this night, our other Hanbali scholars also agree with Imam Ahmad. There are hadiths on this night being significant, some of them are from sunan.”
    This discussion is a long and interesting one, but we cannot delve in depth here, or we will end up with a book. There are however a couple of other things to consider.
    Visiting graveyards during the night of mid-Sha’baan
    It is common practice to visit graveyards during laylat-ul-baraa’ah and to pray for the deceased. This act is supported by the following hadith:
    Aisha (ra) says: ‘I woke up one night and did not find Rasulullah (saw). I went outside and found him in al-Baqee’ (the graveyard of Madinah). He said to me ,”Did you fear that Allah and His Messenger would oppress you?”. I replied, “0 Messenger of Allah , I thought that you had gone to one of the other wives.” He then said to me that Allah descends to the nearest sky on the fifteenth night of Sha’haan, and He forgives more people than the number of hair on the goats of the tribe of Banu Kalb.’ [Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah]
    This hadith is supported by others of the kind, thus establishing the practice of visiting graveyards and making duaa on this night as being sound.
    One should however be mindful of the different exaggerations that some people do that night. Many people make the visit of graveyards their sole activity for the night, thereby defeating its solemnity and losing the benefits of the night. These people also encourage the practice of turning graveyards into business places and cake-and-tea snack points. There is today unfortunately so much emphasis on this that in some countries, the only thing non-Muslims know of Laylat-ul-baraa’ah is that it is the night for the ‘service of the dead’!!
    Fasting on the 15th day of Sha’baan (the day following the 15th night)
    Fasting solely on the 15th day of Sha’baan is also a matter of debate. Based on the following, we can conclude that it is good practice to fast on that day, but it is better to fast for three days:
    1. The very first hadith mentioned in this document includes the Prophet’s (saw) exhortation to fast on the 15th:” When comes the night of mid-Sha’baan, stand in prayer during the night and fast its day…”. Although this hadith is claimed weak, it can be acted upon, for reasons mentioned above.
    2. There are numerous authentic hadiths indicating that the Prophet (saw) fasted more in Sha’baan than in any other month, except Ramadaan.
    3. The 15th of Sha’baan is among the three days (and nights) termed as al-layaal al-beedh (meaning the white nights, referring to the illumination by the full moon), which are the 13th, 14th and 15th. Authentic hadiths show that it is sunnah to fast on these three days every month, and that the rewards for such deed are enormous.
    May Allah show us the truth as truth, and make us follow it; and show us falsehood as falsehood and keep us away from it.

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