Home > Aqidah, Knowledge (iLm), Sayings and Actions of Salaf as Saalih > A Summary of Matters That Oppose the Path of As-Salaf As-Saalih

A Summary of Matters That Oppose the Path of As-Salaf As-Saalih

From the Book: “The Dispraise of Al-Hawaa”
By Imaam Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah

 

The following characteristics are in opposition to the path of As-Salaf As-Saalih:

 

1. Denying that Allaah ascended His ‘Arsh (Throne) above the seven heavens in the Most Majestic manner that suits Him, and that He is distinct and separate from His Creation.

 

 

2. Denying, altering, or insisting o­n figuratively interpreting the Names, Attributes and Actions of Allaah

 

 

3. Denying, or altering the actual meaning of Ru’yah: The Seeing of Allaah by the believers o­n the Day of Resurrection.

 

 

4. Making analogous comparisons between Allaah and His Creation, leading to Tashbeeh (making  parables) or Ta’teel (denying or
suspending the obvious meanings) of the Names, Attributes, or Actions of Allaah.

 

 

5. Complete or partial denial of the intercessions approved by Allaah, or confirming intercessions not approved by the Sharee ‘ah.

 

 

6. Complete, partial denial, or figurative interpretations of revealed information o­n matters of Al-Ghayb  like As-Siraat, Al-Meezan, the Prophet’s Hawd,  the   Torture or Bliss in the grave, the Angels, the Signs of the Hour, etc.

 

 

7. Denying the Kalaam (Speech) of Allaa

 

 

8. Saying that the Qur’aan is not the Word of Allaah, but a creation of His!

 

 

9. Insisting that Eemaan is an uttering o­n the tongue o­nly!

 

 

10. Denying that deeds fall under the meaning of Belief.

 

 

11. Denying that Eemaan increases with obedience, and decreases with disobedience.

 

 

12. Denying that Allaah’s Actions are linked to His Wisdom.

 

 

13. Denying the Fore knowledge and the Writing of all measures and preordainment in the Allawh Al-Mahfooth (The Preserved Tablet).

 

 

14. Saying that man creates all or some of his own deeds.

 

 

15. Saying that man has no choice.

 

 

16. Contradicting the principles of Tawheed by offering any form of worship to other than Allaah.

 

 

17. Saying anything about Allaah or about His Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) without knowledge.

 

 

18. Arguing about the Qur’aan and Hadeeth, following what is not entirely clear to some, instead of referring it to the clear texts and (or) those learned scholars who follow the Salaf’s Path thus eliminating any misunderstanding.

 

 

19. Complete or partial denial of the validity of the authentic Sunnah.

 

 

20. Resorting to Baatini interpretations of texts saying that the texts have an outer aspect and an inner (Baatini] aspect!

 

 

21. Exaggerating in matters of Deen, e.g. easily declaring that such and such is a Kaafir.

 

 

22. Exaggerating about the status of certain men, making of them holly, infallible, etc.

 

 

23. To hold sacred certain places like tombs, clothes, etc.

 

 

24. Innovation in Deen:  Adding to, or deducting from the prescribed matters of Islaam. Introducing innovated  celebrations and declaring them holly.

 

 

25. Laying basics and rules related to the   understanding of Islaam without resorting to the Qur’aan, authentic Sunnah, & the Salaf’s path.

 

 

26. Insulting the Sahaabah (The Prophet’s companions) or declaring that most of them as Kuffaar as the Raqfidah (Receptionists) of the Shee’ah sect do.

 

 

27. Insulting The Salaf from Ahlul Hadeeth and their followers.

 

 

28. Making mockery of the Muslims who adhere to the authentic Sunnah.

 

 

29. Giving allegiance to groups  and (or) parties irrespective of their creeds and (or) methodologies in the name of “uniting the Ummaah”. This kind  of “unity” which is not based o­n the true belief in Tawheed and o­n the way of the Salaf exemplified by the saying of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم): “My way and the way of my companions”

 

 

30. Magnifying the civilization of the Kuffaar under the pretext of modernization  and  development! The injustice inflicted o­n some Muslims in their countries should not be the driving force for judging other societies. This may overshadow the Islaamic stand towards the Kuffaar.

 

 

31. Dissent against the Muslim rulers, even if they are ruthless, or oppressors.   Islaam   calls   for patience under such conditions. The believer may give advice to the best of his ability, and deny the wrong in ways that may not lead to more evil. The confrontations with such rulers led and continues to lead to bloodshed, divisions, and a bad reputation that hinders the Da ‘wah for Allaah. This does not mean the acceptance of wrong, neither it is a baseless excuse for advocating the munkar.

 

 

32. Following scholastic and philosophical ways, making them the reference for understanding the revealed texts.

 

 

33. Taking a strange stand towards the Bid’ah and the Mubtadi ‘ah (innovators), by ignoring their Bida’ for worldly or political gains!

 

 

The above positions may exist with varied degrees amongst those who follow any of them. And Allaah Knows best!

 

 

The deviation from the Minhaaj of As-Salaf is a very serious matter. Muslims know well that the split of this Ummah into many sects is real and that the protection from this is possible-by Allaah’s will- o­nce we take by the command of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم): “My way and the way of my Sahaabah.” It is Sabeel Al-Mu’mineen (The Way of Believers) whom Allaah was pleased with and they were pleased with Him.

 

 

All Praise is due to Allaah, the Exalted. Any success in this work is from Allaahand any mistake is from me and shaytaan, and I ask Allaah to forgive me and to guide me and the reader to the path of As-Salaf As-Saalih and make us die o­n it. I thank Him for enabling me to finish this work and I ask Him to accept it from me.

 

 

May Allaah, the Most Merciful, forgive me and my parents, my entire family, and the rest of the Muslim Ummah.

Saleh As Saleh
The 20Ih of Muharram, 1420 Hj, Corresponding to the 22nd of February, 1999.


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