Home > Muslimah, What You Should Do In The Following Situations? > Bleeding after miscarriage – nifaas or not?…What you should do?

Bleeding after miscarriage – nifaas or not?…What you should do?

  If a woman miscarries and bleeds,   should she pray or not? The answer to this question
depends on the kind of blood: is it nifaas or not? The scholars have mentioned the
regulations concerning this: ―If she sees blood after passing something that has any
human features, then it is nifaas, but if she sees it after passing something that
resembles a blood clot (nutfah or ‗alaq), then it is not nifaas.‖ (al-Mughni ma‘a
al-Sharh al-Kabeer, 1/361).

 

In the latter case, this is istihaadah (irregular bleeding), so she should do wudoo‘ for
each prayer after the time for that prayer has started, and then pray. If what she
passed is a fully formed foetus or has some formed limbs, such as a hand or a foot or
a leg, then this is nifaas. If she says that they took it away in the hospital and threw it
away, and she did not see it, then the scholars say that the shortest time in which
human features could be formed is eighty-one days from the time of conception.
(Majmoo‘at Fataawa al-Shaykh ibn ‗Uthaymeen, 4/292).

 

This is based on the hadeeth narrated by ‗Abd-Allaah ibn Mas‘ood according to which
the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who is the
one who speaks the truth, said: ―The creation of each one of you is gathered for forty
days in his mother‘s stomach (womb), then he is ‗alaqah (something that clings) for a
similar length of time, then he is mudghah (something like a lump of chewed flesh)
for a similar length of time. Then Allaah sends an angel who is commanded to do four
things: he is told to write down his deeds, his provision and whether he is to be
unfortunate (doomed to Hell) or blessed (destined for Paradise)…‖ (This version
narrated by al-Bukhaari, Fath, 6/303).

 

Any woman facing this problem should try to seek the advice of doctors to find out
exactly what her situation is.

 

With regard to the blood which may be discharged just prior to a normal birth: if it is
accompanied by labour pains or contractions, then it is nifaas, otherwise it is not.

 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: ―What she sees
when the labour pains begin is nifaas. What is meant here is contractions followed by
delivery; if this is not the case then it is not nifaas.‖ (Majmoo‘ Fataawa Ibn
‗Uthaymeen, 4/327).

 

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