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Allaah’s Descending to the Lowest Heaven

Allaah’s Descending to the Heaven of the Dunyaa

 

It is recorded in the two authentic collectison (of al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) that Aboo Hurayrah (Radiallahu anhu) narrated that the Prophet (Salalahu alayhi wa salam) said:

“Our Lord descends to the heaven of the Dunyaa whenever the last third of the night remains and says, ‘Who is calling upon Me so that I can answer him? Who is asking something from Me so I can give it to him? Who is seeking My Forgiveness so that I can Forgive him?” (Recorded by al-Dukhaaree (1145) and Muslim (758))
About twenty-eight different Companions have narrated this Hadeeth from the Prophet (salalahu alayhi wa salam) and Ahlus-Sunnah are united upon accepting it.

 

His descending to the heaven of the Dunyaa is one of His Attributes of action that occur according to his will and wisdom. It is an actual descending that befits His Majesty and greatness.

 

 

And it is not permissible to make Tahreef (distortion) of it to mean “the descending of His command” or “the descending of His mercy” or “the descending of one of His angels” or any other misinterpreted meaning. This is completely false due to the following reasons:

Firstly: It is in opposition and contradicts the apparent meaning of the Hadeeth. The Prophet (salalahu alayhi wa salam) attributed this descending directly to Allaah and the basic principle is that something is only attributed to someone if he is the one who actually does the action or causes it to happen. Consequently, to attribute this to someone or something else would be Tahreef (distrotion) and opposing the basic principle.

 

 

Secondly: This misinterpreted explanation would indicate that something is missing from the wording and the basic principle is that one would say what he means without a hidden, missing meaning.

 

Thirdly: The descending of His command or mercy is not specific to only this part of the night. Rather, His command and mercy are constantly descending all the time.

If it is then said that what is meant is a “special command” or a “specific mercy” and these do not necessarily descend all the time!

The reply to such a statement is that if this presumption and interpretation were correct, then that would mean that the final destination of these things descending is the heaven of the Dunyaa- that they stop there! So what benefit does it do us if the mercy descends only to the sky that the Prophet (salalahu alayhi wa salam) would inform us of!?

 

 

Fourthly: The hadeeth shows that whatever descends says, “Who is calling upon me so that I can answer him? Who is asking something from me so I can give it to him? Who is seeking my forgiveness so that I can forgive him?” And no one could possibly say that except Allaah.

(Explanation of a Summary of Al-’Aqeedatul-Hamawiyyah by Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) Explained by Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-’Uthaymeen (rahimahullah) )

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