Prohibition of Music from the Qur’an by Shaykh al-Albaanee (Rahimahullah)

 

A sincere advice to those who allow music and its instruments -in the name of Islaam.

 

Before we bring the proof, I (Shaykh Al-Albani)  would like to advise and remind the reader of a great sin which many people fall into, and that is the sin of interpreting the Book of Allaah whilst they are not qualified to do so. Look at this statement of our beloved one (Șallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam):

“The one who speaks about the Qur’ân without any knowledge; then let him take his place in the Fire.”

[ Sunan at-Tirmidhee, and he [Imaam at-Tirmidhee] said : Hasan Saheeh.]

That is how great of a sin it is!

Therefore we should leave this noble science to its scholars (while making an effort and studying to be amongst them), and not indulging and applying – rather relying on our desires to twist the meanings to be that which we want.

 

 

After that reminder; now we go to the main proof from the Qur’ân, and it is the
statement of Allaah :

Alif Lâm Mîm [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’ân, and none but Allâh (Alone) knows their meanings.] These are Verses of the Wise Book (the Qur’ân). A guide and a mercy for the Muhsinûn (good doers).Those who establish the prayer and give Zakât and they have faith in the Hereafter with certainty. Such are on guidance from their Lord, and such are the successful.
And of mankind is he who purchases lahhwal-hadeeth [idle talks] to mislead (men) from the Path of Allâh without knowledge, and takes it (the Path of Allâh, the Verses of the Qur’ân) by way of mockery. For such there will be a humiliating torment (in the Hell-fire).”

[ Sooratu-Luqmaan : 1-6]

 

 

The scholars of the Tafseer have defined lahhwal-hadeeth to mean music and its instruments.

And from them are [we will mention the noble ones of whom their statements have weight upon the Ahlus-Sunnah]:

 

1. ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas (radhiyallaahu ‘anhumaa), he said:

‘It (the verse) was revealed regarding music and its likes.’

[Imaam al-Bukhaaree in Aadaabul Mufrad: 1265, Ibn Abee Shaybah: 6/310, At-Tabari: 21/40]

 
2. ‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) , he was asked about it and he said :

By the One whom there is no Lord other than Him ; indeed It is music.’ And he repeated this three times.

[Ibn Abee Shaybah, At-Tabari, Ibnul Jawzee in Talbees Iblees: pg.246, al-Haakim: 2/411 and he said: ‘its chain is authentic.’ And Imaam adh-Dhahabee agreed with him, and it is as they say.]

 
3. Ikrimah (rahimahullaah) : Shua’yb ibn Yasaar said :

‘I asked Ikrimah on lahhwal-hadeeth?’ And he said : ‘It is music.’

[Imaam al-Bukhaaree in Taareekh : 2/217, Ibn Abee Shaybah, Ibn Jareer At-Tabari , and al-Bayhaqee : and it is a hasan (good narration)]

 
4. Mujaahid (rahimahullaah):

He said the same.

[Ibn Abee Shayba : 1167,1179, Ibn Jareer, Ibn Abee Dunya from different routes of narration, some of which are authentic, and Abu Nu’aym in al-Hilyah : 3/286.]
5. And Likewise,

Jaabir and Sa’eed ibn Jubayr, and Mak-hool (rahimahumullaah) said the same

[Tafseer ibn Katheer.]

 
6. Al-Hasan al-Basree said :

‘This was revealed concerning music and instruments.’

[Ibid]

 

This I think, alhamdulillaah, is sufficient proof for us.

 

But the best of all these scholars of tafseer is yet to come.

 

To fully comprehend the context of the verse [and this is why we wrote the whole 6 verses and not just the main proof] – we shall refer to the tafseer of al-Imaam Ibn Katheer, where he says [on the tafseer of these verses] :

‘After Allaah has mentioned the state of the people of success – and they are the ones who benefit by the Book of Allaah, and gain from listening [studying] to it- as Allaah has said :

 
“Allâh has sent down the best statement, a Book (this Qur’ân), its parts resembling each other in goodness and truth, oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it (when they recite it or hear it). Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allâh. That is the guidance of Allâh. He Guides therewith whom He pleases and whomever Allâh sends
astray, for him there is no guide.” [Soorat-uz-Zumar : 23]

 

He connected that by mentioning the state of the wretched ones – those who turn away from benefiting by listening [and studying] it – and they directed themselves to listening to flutes, and music by melodious voices, and musical instruments…’

 

Book: ‘Tahreem Aalaatu-t-tarab’ by Shaykh Nasiruddin al-Albanee (rahimahullah)

Translated and prepared by: Aboo Waheeda As-Salafee

____________________________________________________________

Related links:

Ijmaa and the 4 Madhaahib on the Tahreem (prohibition) of Musical Instrument

A Practically Dead Sunnah- When You Hear Music…

 

 

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  1. February 8, 2013 at 2:23 pm

    The Prophet Muhammad, lived by, ruled by, preached and followed the Quran. See 5:48-50 Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) IMPLEMENTED teachings of Quran in his time. Basic USOOL / Principles come from Quran only. And many (Not all) of these implementations will vary from time & era. Prophet can NOT prohibit a new thing which Allah did not prohibit. read 66:1

    And see what Allah has told for those people who do not JUDGE by what God has revealed:

    “.. And whosoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed, such are the Kafirun” 5:44

    “..And whosoever does not judge by that which Allah has revealed, such are the Zalimun ” 5:45

    “And whosoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed (then) such (people) are the Fasiqun [the rebellious i.e. disobedient (of a lesser degree)] to Allah.” 5:47

    “.. So judge among them by what Allah has revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging away from the truth that has come to you. ” 5:48

    “..And so judge among them by what Allah has revealed and follow not their vain desires, but ..” 5:49

    “Do they then seek the judgement of (the days of) Ignorance? And who is better in judgement than Allah for a people who have firm Faith.” 5:50

    The list of prohibitions in the Quran does not include music or singing. When needed, prohibitions are given in a clear and straight forward manner so as to leave no doubt in the minds of the believers, See 39:27-28.

    “And indeed We have put forth for men, in this Qur’an every kind of similitude in order that they may remember.

    “An Arabic Qur’an, without any crookedness (therein) in order that they may avoid all evil which Allah has ordered them to avoid, fear Him and keep their duty to Him. ”
    Here Allah is saying that Allah is letting you know ALL EVIL which should be AVOIDED. Did u get brother? So did Allah “forget” nauzbillah to mention that MSUIC should be avoided???

    The upholding of any prohibitions not specifically mentioned in the Quran (e.g., prohibiting music and singing) is tantamount to idolatry (6:142-152). Such prohibitions represent some other god) besides God.

    God condemned innovated prohibitions in 7:32 “Say, “Who prohibited the nice things God has created for His creatures, and the good provisions?” Say,” such provisions are to be enjoyed in THIS life by those who BELIEVE. Moreover, the good provisions will be exclusively theirs on the Day of resurrection.” We thus explain the revelations for people who know.” 7:32 (QURAN)

    Like

  2. February 8, 2013 at 2:29 pm

    (((The list of prohibitions in the Quran does not include music or singing.))))

    It only means you haven’t read the article.

    Sahaba, Scholars of Tafseer etc understood the Ayah 1-6 of surah Luqman that “””lahhwal-hadeeth”””‘ means “”MUSIC AND NOTHING ELSE””.

    Like

  3. February 8, 2013 at 2:33 pm

    This is what the best Commentator of Quran said about whom Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wasallam said: O Allah, give Him the understanding of Quran.

    [Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas (radhiyallaahu ‘anhumaa), he said:

    ‘It (the verse) was revealed regarding music and its likes.’

    [Imaam al-Bukhaaree in Aadaabul Mufrad: 1265, Ibn Abee Shaybah: 6/310, At-Tabari: 21/40]]

    Like

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