Prohibition of Music from the Sunnah by Shaykh al-Albaanee (Rahimahullah)

 

A sincere advice to those who allow music and its instruments -in the name of Islaam.

1. The first of these is from the best of all the past and present scholars, the Prophet (ȘallaAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam). As narrated by Aboo Umaamah al-Baahilee (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu):

“Do not indulge in selling the qaynaat [female servants specialized for singing to their masters], and do not buy them, and do not teach them to sing, and there is no good in trading in them, and their worth is haraam. And in the likes of this, was revealed this verse : ‘And of mankind is he who purchases lahhwal-hadeeth [idle talks] to mislead (men) from the Path of Allâh without knowledge.’ to the end of the verse.”

[Șaheeha: 2922, Șaheeh Sunan at-Tirmidhee, Imaam Ahmad in al-Musnad: 22181 without the verse]

I (Shaikh al-Albaanee) think that at this point you have seen clearly that this verse is an explicit proof against music. So let those who claim that there is no prohibition of it in the Qur’aan take heed.

 

 

2. Aboo Maalik al-Ash’aree (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) mentions that The Messenger of Allaah (Șallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

“Indeed, there will be in my Ummah such people who will make permissible for themselves fornication, silk, wine and musical instruments….”

[Narrated by Imaam al-Bukhaari in his Saheeh, Aboo Daawood in his Sunan]

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalaani said:

‘And in this hadeeth is a severe warning for the one who deceives by [and] makes permissible that which is impermissible by changing its name..’

[Fath-ul Baaree.]

Imaam Al-Albaanee said : ‘In his statement : make permissible’ it is a clear proof that the four things mentioned are not halaal (permissible) in the legislation: and amongst them is : musical instruments.’

 

 

3. Aboo Maalik al-Ash’aree (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) said: The Messenger of Allaah
(Șallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

“Indeed a people from among my nation will consume wine; and will call it by other than its name [they will change the name of it], while singers and musical instruments are played over their heads: Allah will cause the earth to swallow them and change them into monkeys and swines.”

[Narrated by Ibn Maajah, and Ibnul Qayyim said it is authentic in two different places in his book Ighaathatul-luhfaan : 1/347 & 361. And it is in Șaheeh at-Targheeb wa tarheeb : 2378.]

 

 

4. Anas ibn Maalik (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) said that The Prophet (Șallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

“Two voices are cursed in this world and the hereafter; Music at the time of happiness and wailing at the time of calamity.”

[Narrated by Al-Bazzaar in his Musnad: 1/377, Kashful astaar-795, and Adh-Dhiyaa al Maqdisee in al- Ahadeeth al-Mukhtaara: 6/188/2200&2201. Al-Bazzaar said : We don’t know it from Anas except from this chain.’ I say: ‘Its chain is good, rather it is authentic with what follows: And it has been followed by the narration of ‘Isa ibn Tamhan from Anas as narrated by Ibn Simaak. So the hadeeth is authentic, and all Perfect praise is for Allaah. And it is emphasized in its strength of Authenticity by the following hadeeth [hadeeth no.5] ]

 

 

 

5. From Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah from ‘Abdurrahman ibn ‘Awf (radhiyallaahu ‘anhum) who said: ‘The Prophet (Șallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

“Surely I do not prohibit crying ; but verily I have prohibited two asinine and evil voices: a voice at the time of happiness; play, leisure and music, and voices at the time of a calamity; slapping of the faces, and tearing of clothes and wailing.”

[Sunan at-Tirmidhee and he said : It is a good hadeeth. Al-Haakim : 4/40, Al-Bayhaqee: 4/69]

 

Imaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) said :

‘This hadeeth is from the best of what is proof on the impermissibility of singing, as in the wording of the one narrated by Jaabir : ‘voice at the time of happiness: play, vain talk and the instruments of shaytaan.’ Thus he prohibited the sounds which are carried out at the times of enjoyment just as he prohibited the sounds made at the time of a calamity, and the sounds made at the time of joy are the sounds of music.’

[Al-Istiqaama : 1/292-293]

 

 

6. ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas (radhiyallaahu ‘anhumaa) said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah (Șallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

“Allaah has prohibited on me – or prohibited- alcohol, and gambling, and the drum, and every intoxicant is haraam.”

This has been narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas Qays ibn Habtaar, and it has been narrated from him [Qays] in two routes:
The first one: From ‘Alee ibn Badheema who said Qays ibn Habtaar narrated to me… [Aboo Daawood : 3696, al-Bayhaqee: 10/221, Musnad Imaam Ahmad : 1/274]
The other one: From ‘Abdulkareem ibn al-Jazariyy from Qays ibn Habtaar with the wording:

“Indeed Allaah has prohibited on you : alcohol, and gambling, and the drum.’ And then he said : ‘and every intoxicant is haraam.”

[Al-Bayhaqee: 10/213-221, Musnad Imaam Ahmad: 1/289. And this chain is authentic. And also shaykh Ahmad Shaakir authenticated it in his notes on the Musnad of Imaam Ahmad in two different places: 4/158 & 218.]

 

 

7. ‘Imraan ibn Husayn (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu) narrates that The Messenger of Allaah (Șallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

“In this Ummah there will be [people who will be] sunk into the earth, deformed, and upon whom stones will rain from the skies.” It was said: ‘And when will that be?’ He replied: “When singing girls and instruments of music will appear (become prevalent), and alcohol will be drunk.”

[ Narrated by Tirmidhee in the book of Fitan: 2213 , Ibn Abi ad Dunya in Dhamm al-Malaahi.]

 

8. And it has come in one route as mursal, and in another route as connected – and this is more authentic of the two- from Abul-‘Abbaas al-Hamdaani from ‘Ammaara ibn Raashid, from al-Ghaazee ibn Rab’eea , raised to the Messenger of Allaah (Șallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) :

“There will be a people who will be deformed -into monkeys and swines- while they are reclining on their couches. Because of their consuming of alcohol and their using of the lute [instruments] and singing girls.”

[In his route, Ibn Asaakir in Taarikh al-Dimashq : 12/582 , Ibn Abi ad Dunya in Dhamm al-Malaahi,]

 

 

9. And it is strengthened more by the corroborating narrations regarding the fitan [trials to appear at the end of times] , and from these is the hadeeth :

“A group among this Nation will spend a night in drinking and eating, and entertainment and play; and by the time morning reaches them they will be turned into swine and monkeys, and they will be ceased by a rain of stones, and splitting of the earth to swallow them.

 

Thus the people will say : ‘Last night the clan of so-and-so was swallowed by the earth,’ and they will also say: ‘In the night the house of so-and-so individually was swallowed into the earth.’ And indeed stones from the skies will descend upon them -on a certain tribe and those around them- just as they descended on the people of Loot ;

 

And a [violent]dry wind which destroyed the people of ‘Aad will be sent to a tribe and those around them : [All of this] because of their drinking of alcohol, and wearing of silk [by men], and entertaining female singers, and consuming of ribaa [usury], and cutting of the ties of kinship.”

[Al-Haakim: 4/515, Al-Bayhaqee in Shu’b al-Eeman: 5/16, Ahmad: 5/329, Al-Asbahaanee in At-Targheeb: 1/498-499, Abu Nu’aym in al-Hilyah: 6/295. It was authenticated by Al-Haakim and Ad-Dhahabee agreed with him, although it has something to look into; check Șaheeha: 1604. ]

 

 

[Imaam Al-Albaanee continues to say] : ‘Yes, and at this point [this narration] becomes authentic without any doubt –due to these corroborating evidences.’

 

Upto where he said:

10. ‘And there is another narration like this from Anas (radhiyallaahu anhu) who said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah (Șallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

When my nation make permissible six things, then for them is destruction :
‘When cursing each other [increases] becomes apparent between them, and drinking of intoxicants, and wearing of silk [by men], and employment of singers, and when the men resort to be sufficed by men, and the women by women [i.e. when they take on homosexuality.”

[At-Tabaraanee in Mu’jam al-Waseet (1/59/1060 by my enumeration), and al-Bayhaqee in Shu’b: 5/377- 378 through two routes from him of which Bayhaqee used to strengthen [the authenticity] by them.]

_______________________________________________________________

 

Related Links:

Prohibition of Music from the Qur’an by Shaykh al-Albaanee (Rahimahullah)

Ijmaa and the 4 Madhaahib on the Tahreem (prohibition) of Musical Instrument

A Practically Dead Sunnah- When You Hear Music…

 

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