Home > Abu Bakr, Rightly Guided Khalifahs and Companions > Few names of Abu Bakr (RadiAllahu anhu)

Few names of Abu Bakr (RadiAllahu anhu)

 

 

Abu Bakr (radiAllahu anhu) was given many names or titles throughout his life, and each one of them points to one or more of his superior qualities; among those names are the following:

 

1. Al Ateeq:

Al Ateeq has various shades of meaning in Arabic: It can mean old or ancient; noble; or someone who has been freed either from the bonds of slavery or from some  unpleasant circumstances. Some feel that Abu Bakr radiAllahu was named Ateeq based on the latter meaning, for the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam once said to him,

“You are the Ateeq (the freed one) of Allah from the hellfire.” (a) 

 

According to the wordings of Aisha’s (radiAllahu anhu) narration, the messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasallam said to Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu,

“Rejoice, for you are the Ateeq of Allah from the hellfire.” (b)

 

Certain historians are of the view that Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu was named because of the handsomeness or the nobleness of his features. (c)

 

And yet others say that he was named Ateeq later on in his life because he was known for his goodness for a very long time (this is based on Ateeq’s meaning of old or ancient). [d]

 

 

It has also been said that, whenever Abu Bakr’s mother had a child, he or she would do die almost immediately. Bu then when Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu was born, the same was not the case, and so his mother said about him,

“O Allah, this child is your freed one from death, so favor me with him” [e]

 

 

It is possible that Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu was named Ateeq for many reasons, for he did have a noble countenance; he was known for his good character for many years’; and he was freed one from hellfire. [f]

 

 

2. As-Siddeeq:

The most well known of Abu Bakr’s title comes from the word Sidq, which means truthfulness. The word As-Siddeeq is meant to convey a meaning of  intensiveness: a person who is constantly truthful or who constantly believes in the truthfulness of something or someone (in Abu Bakr’s case, in the truthfulness of Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam). The title As-Siddeeq was given to Abu Bakr (radiAllahu anhu) by none other than Prophet Muhammed sallallahu alaihi wasallam.

Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet once climbed the mountain of uhud with Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman. The mountain shook with them. The Prophet said (to the mountain), “Be firm, O uhud! For on you there are no more than a Prophet, a Siddiq and two martyrs. 

(Bukhari : Book 57, Hadith 24)

 

 

Abu Bakr was named al-Siddeeq because of his abudnant tasdeeq (believing, attesting) of what the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) would inform of. The entire ummah is united upon this name for Abu Bakr, that he is al-Siddeeq and that he never hesitated at all in believing what the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) stated.

 

 

3. Al-Saahib (the Companion): 

This was given by Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic to Abu Bakr in the Quran, “If you help him (Muhammad) not (it does not matter), for Allah did indeed help him when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they both [Muhammad and Abu Bakr] were in the cave, and he said to his companion [Abu Bakr]: “Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us.” Then Allah sent down His calmness upon him, and strengthened him with forces which you saw not, and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost, while it was the Word of Allah that became the uppermost, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” (At-Tawbah 9:40).

Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani said regarding this verse,

“The intent by “his companion” is Abu Bakr without any dispute, and the hadeeths about him being in the cave with him are many and well-known, and none besides him (Abu Bakr) shared with him in this virtue

[al-Isabah Fi Tamyiz al-Sahabah 4/148].

 

 

4. Al-Atqaa (The Pious): 

It is mentioned in the books of tafseer that Surah al-Layl (92), and the verse, “And far removed from it (Hell) will be the pious, fearful one (al-atqaa)” (92:17) and what follows to the end of the Surah was revealed about Abu Bakr who would spent of his wealth in order to free some of the companions (who were slaves) such as Bilal bin Umayyah and Aamir bin Fuhayrah, doing that without seeking any recompense or thanks, but only seeking the face of Allaah. Al-Baghawai says that this verse refers to Abu Bakr according to the saying of all authorities.

 

 

5. Al-Awaah (the Fearful, Awestruck):

This is mentioned by Ibn Sa’ad in al-Tabaqaat al-Kubraa that he was named al-Awaah, which indicates fear and awe of Allaah.

Ibrahim al-Nakha’i said,

“Abu Bakr used to be called al-Awaah due to his compassion and mercy.”

[al-Tabaqaat 3/171].

____________________________________________________________

(a) Al-Aihsaan fee taqreeb saheeh ibn Hibban (15/280)

(b) [Al-Tirmidhi, Silsilah al-Sahihah, Saheeh 1574.]

(c) Al- Mojam al Kabeer at Tabaraanee (1/52)

(d) Al -Isaabah (1/146)

(e) Al Kuna wal Asma by Ad-Doolaabee (1/6)

(f) Treekh ad-Dawah Ilal Islam fee Ahd al Khulafaa raashideen by dr Yusree Muhammed Haanee (pg-36)

[Source: The Biograpgy of Abu Bakr as Siddeeq by Dr Ali Muhammed Muhammed as Sallaabee]

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