Luqman and his master; who was Luqman?

 

The Salaf differed over the identity of Luqman; there are two opinions:

  1. was he a Prophet or
  2. just a righteous servant of Allah without the Prophethood.

 

 

The majority favored the latter view, that he was a righteous servant of Allah without being a Prophet.

 

Sufyan Ath-Thawri said, narrating from Al-Ash`ath, from Ikrimah, from Ibn Abbas,

“Luqman was an Ethiopian slave who was a carpenter.

 

 

Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr said,

“I said to Jabir bin Abdullah: `What did you hear about Luqman?’

He said: `He was short with a flat nose, and came from Nubia.”’

 

 

Yahya bin Sa`id Al-Ansari narrated from Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib that

“Luqman was from the black peoples of (southern) Egypt, and had thick lips. Allah gave him wisdom but withheld Prophethood from him.”

 

Al-Awza`i said,

“Abdur-Rahman bin Harmalah told me; `A black man came to Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib to ask him a question, and Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib said to him:

“Do not be upset because you are black, for among the best of people were three who were black: Bilal, Mahja` the freed slave of Umar bin Al-Khattab, and Luqman the Wise, who was a black Nubian with thick lips.”

 

Ibn Jarir recorded that Khalid Ar-Raba`i said:

“Luqman was an Ethiopian slave who was a carpenter. His master said to him, `Slaughter this sheep for us,’ so he slaughtered it.

 

(His master) said: `Bring the best two pieces from it,’ so he brought out the tongue and the heart.

 

Then time passed, as much as Allah willed, and (his master) said: `Slaughter this sheep for us,’ so he slaughtered it.

 

(His master) said, `Bring the worst two morsels from it,’ so he brought out the tongue and the heart.

 

His master said to him, `I told you to bring out the best two pieces, and you brought these, then I told you to bring out the worst two pieces, and you brought these!’

 

Luqman said,

`There is nothing better than these if they are good, and there is nothing worse than these if they are bad.”’

 

Shu`bah narrated from Al-Hakam, from Mujahid,

“Luqman was a righteous servant, but he was not a Prophet.”

 

[Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Surah Luqman under verse 12]

 

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  1. Abbati Muhammad Musa
    June 9, 2013 at 8:40 am

    Very gud story

    Like

  1. May 22, 2014 at 8:10 am

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