Major Ritual Purification (Ghusl): When to do?


It means washing the whole body with water.


It is necessitated by one of the following:

 Ejaculation (of semen) because of coitus, masturbation, reflection, wet dream, or other reasons. This is based on the Qur’anic guidance which meaning is translated as:

“If You are in a state of Janabah (i.e. after sexual discharge), purify yourselves (bathe your whole body).”



The Prophet Muhammed [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] said:

“Ghusl (major ritual bath) is a must after ejaculation of semen ”.

[Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and Ahmad]


 Sexual intercourse by inserting the glans completely into the vulva, even if no ejaculation takes place, in which case both spouses are required to take a bath (ghusl).

The Prophet Muhammed [sallallahu alaihi wasallam]  said:

“If he (the husband) sits between her legs and penetrates her, ghusl (bath) is obligatory, whether he ejaculates or not ”.



 Stop of bleeding resulting from menstruation or postpartum (confinement) period. The Qur’an says which meaning is translated as:

“They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: It is a harm, so keep away from women at such times and go not in unto them till they are purified. And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as Allah enjoined upon you. Truly Allah loves those who turn unto Him, and loves those who have purified for themselves ”.



Allah’s Messenger [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] said to Fatimah Bint Abi Hubaish:

“Leave prayer throughout the days of menstruation, then perform ghusl and do prayer ”.

(Agreed upon)

Ghusl [The Purity]

 Death. Thus if a Muslim dies, living Muslims are required to bathe him/her. Umm ‘Atiyyah, may Allah be pleased with her, narrated:

“Allah’s Messenger [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] came to us when his daughter died and said: ‘Wash her three, five or more times with water and sidr (lote-tree leaves) if you think it is required and sprinkle camphor or something of it on her at the end.’ When we finished, we informed him and he gave us his waist-sheet and told us to shroud her in it.”

(Agreed upon)


 If a disbeliever embraces Islam, he should take a ritual bath. This is base on the tradition reported by Qais ibn Assem:

“I came to the Prophet [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] to embrace Islam, so he ordered me to bathe with water and sidr.”

(Abu Daud & Nasai)


Abu Hurairah narrated that :

“When Thumamah Al-Hanafi embraced Islam the Prophet [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] sent him to Abu Talha’s farm and required him to perform a ritual bath. There, he took a bath and performed two rak’at, upon which Allah’s Messenger said: ‘The faith of your brother has improved.”



[The Purity by Abdul Rahman Abdul-Kareem AL-Sheha, page 38-39]

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