Home > Knowledge (iLm), Muslim world and Rulers. > The Principle of Justice during the reign of Umar bin Abd Al-Aziz [rahimahullah]

The Principle of Justice during the reign of Umar bin Abd Al-Aziz [rahimahullah]

 

The principle of justice was of crucial importance to ‘Umar, which it seems he rightly inherited from his grandfather from his mother’s side, ‘Umar bin al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him). It is no surprise then that he had pressed onto coins the phrase:

“Allah commands faithfulness and justice.” [1]

 

 

He demanded that no capital punishment be carried out on a person without his knowledge [2] whereby he wrote to his official, al-Juraah bin ‘Abdullah al-Hakamii, the Governor of Khorasan:

O son of Umm Juraah! Do not kill or flog a believer except in truth and be wary of being held to account as you are going to The One Who knows the treachery from within and from Whom the heart conceals nothing. Therefore recite a book that leaves out neither the major nor the minor to be reckoned with .” [3]

 

Islamic justice

He acted fairly with the Ahl adh-Dhimmah (Non-Muslims living under Muslim rule) and protected them as well as their places of worship, from being attacked or violated , about which he wrote to his officials:

Do not tear down a single church , synagogue or fire-temple.[4]

 

He lifted the Makas (trading taxes illegally levied during pre-Islamic times) and removed the ‘Ushur (import tax) and other taxes that had been imposed under former governments. As a result, he liberated the spirit of free trade on land and sea and freed it from the injustices that were being committed by the Bani Umayyad (tribe) and al-Hajjaj. [5]

 

Footnotes:

[1] Sirat wa Manaqib ‘Umar bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz [The Life and Outstanding Traits of ‘Umar bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz] by lbn al-Jawzi, p. 98.]

[2] Tarikh at-Tabari (Tabari’s History] (71474).

[3] Ibid (71464).

[4] Ibid (71477).

[5] Sirat wa Manaqib ‘Umar bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz [The Life and Outstanding Traits of ‘Umar bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz] by lbn al-Jawzi, p. 107-8.]

 

 

 

Advertisements
  1. No comments yet.
  1. No trackbacks yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: