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Weeping is a Mercy which Allâh puts in the Hearts of His Servants

 Weeping [1]

 

On the authority of Usâmah ibn Zayd (radiAllahu anhu) who said:

  “We were with the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) when one of his daughters send a messenger calling for him, informing him that her small child or her son was dying. So the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) told the messenger: “Return to her and inform her that whatever Allâh takes and gives belongs to Him and that everything has an appointed term, so let her be patient and anticipate Allâh’s reward in the hereafter”. Later the messenger returned to the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and said, “Verily she has sworn by Allâh that you come to her”. So the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) got up and so too did Sa’ad ibn ‘Ubâdah and Mu’âdh ibn Jabal, and I too went with them. The small boy was lifted up to the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and let out a groaning noise[2], as if he was breathing his last breath [3]. Thereby the Prophet’s eyes (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) overflowed with tears. Upon this Sa’d asked: “What is this, O Messenger of Allâh?” He (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) replied: “This is a mercy which Allâh puts in the hearts of His servants. And verily Allâh shows mercy to those of His servants who are merciful”

(al Bukhârî, Muslim)

 

 

 

Footnote:

[1] Ibn al-Qayyim said: “The types of weeping are: 1. the weeping of mercy and compassion. 2. the weeping of fear and reverence. 3. the weeping of love and longing. 4. the weeping of joy and happiness. 5. the weeping of worry and anguish brought about by pain, and the inability to bear it. 6. the weeping of sadness. 7. the weeping of fatigue and weakness. 8. the weeping of hypocrisy, that is when the eyes fill up with tears, while the heart is hard. 9. the weeping of the false and hired, such as the woman who is paid to wail (tr note: it was an old arab custom in pre-Islamic Arabia, to hire people to attend someone’s funeral, in order to cry and wail, and cause much commotion and noise, to make it appear to other people that the deceased was very much liked and missed. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) later condemned this). 10.the weeping of agreement, that is when a person sees other people crying over something that has happened to them, so he too starts to cry, not knowing why they are crying” (Zaad al Ma’aad) 

 


[2] al qa’qa’: the movement of something, from which a noise is heard. The meaning intended here is agitation and movement. He (ie the narrator) meant each time the child entered upon a particular state it did not take long before he entered upon another which brings him closer to death. [Refer to an-Nihaayah.]

 

[3] The noise of breathing when one breathes into a very old vessel

[Book: Weeping from the fear of Allah, page-10]

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