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A Refutation of Those who Accuse Ahlus-Sunnah of Confining Allaah to a Place


Translated by Ahmed Abu Turaab

 

Questioner: Who are the kuroobiyoon [Cherubim] Angels?

Al-Albaani: Who are the kuroobiyoon Angels? As far as I know, there is no hadith in which a mention of this name has been made of the Angels, ‘the kuroobiyoon Angels.’ And in reality for thirty years this name had not passed by me in the hadiths which I had read in hundreds if not thousands of books, most of which were manuscripts, until [finally] I heard a mention of them in Munaa during Hajj.

I was sitting during a calm, beautiful night during the days of Munaa speaking to some of our Egyptian, Syrian and other brothers from Ansaar as-Sunnah, when a Shaikh came in, gave salaam, sat down and started listening [to what was being said]. After I stopped speaking for a short while he entered the discussion and started speaking.

It became apparent from what he said that he was from those who had studied at Azhar University and who harboured a hatred against the Salafi da’wah or the da’wah to tawheed, and that he was affected by some of the false claims which are attributed to the group of tawheed in all the Muslim lands, whether here or Egypt or Syria or any other place.

So he started to attack and say that the Wahaabi da’wah was a good call but [the problem was] that they liken Allaah to the creation.

So I asked him, ‘How is that?’

He replied that they say that Allaah the Mighty and Majestic–Subhaanallaah he was declaring the Quraan to have a mistake without even realising it–he said, ‘They say that Allaah rose over the Throne.’

So I said, ‘Is that their saying or the saying of the Lord of all the worlds?’

He corrected himself and said that they explain the aayah to mean that Allaah is sitting on His Throne. I said to him: my brother, the difference between them and those who oppose them is not in likening the Lord of the worlds to the creation since they are united that it is falsehood.

Rather, the difference is in whether it is correct to interpret [the word used in the aayah] ‘istiwaa’ [rose over] to mean isteelaa [conquered] or is the correct interpretation that istiwaa means ista’laa [ascended over]? So I started talking about this topic at length.

And naturally the summary of the Salafi creed in this issue is that Allaah has the characteristic of being above all things [fawqiyyah]. So he latched on to this [statement] and said, ‘Is it possible [to believe] that Allaah the Mighty and Majestic is above the Throne? That would mean that we have situated him in a place.’

So I said to him, ‘No, this is a mistake on your part and we declare ourselves to be free from a belief which confines Allaah the Mighty and Majestic to a place whereas He is the All-High, the Most Great.’ Then I started to debate with him in a specific way and so said to him …’

 

Al-Albani: Do you agree with me that Allaah was and there was nothing [in existence] with Him?

The Azhari Shaikh: Of course.

Al-Albani: Was the Throne there when Allaah was?

The Azhari Shaikh: No.

Al-Albani: So Allaah was and there was nothing with Him and then He created the Throne?

The Azhari Shaikh: Yes.

I carried on with him in this manner and then said: We are now on earth, what is above us?

The Azhari Shaikh: The sky.

Al-Albani: Then?

The Azhari Shaikh: The second.

And we carried on like this until we came to the seventh. Then I said to him, ‘What is above the seventh?’

The Azhari Shaikh: The Throne.

I said–and here is the crux of the matter– what is above the Throne?

The Azhari Shaikh: The Kuroobiyoon Angels.

So this was the first time in thirty years that I heard this name. I said, ‘What? The kuroobiyoon angels are above the Throne?’ We know that it is the Creator of the Throne who is above the [Mighty] Throne according to the aforementioned aayah and the Salaf’s interpretation of it [which states that] He rose over the Throne, i.e., ascended over it, and as those relied upon in this matter said:

And the Lord of the Throne is above the Throne but
Without describing Him as being in a place or being connected [to the Throne]

So Allaah is in no need of the worlds, but for the first time I was [now] hearing that it is the kuroobiyoon Angels that are above the Throne, [so I asked him], ‘Do you have an aayah which establishes, firstly, that there are angels called, ‘The kuroobiyoon Angels?’

The Azhari Shaikh: No.

Al-Albani: Okay. Do you have a hadith in which a mention of them has been made with this name?

The Azhari Shaikh: No.

Al-Albani: So then where did you get this aqidah that above the Throne are the Kuroobiyoon Angels?

The Azhari Shaikh: This is what our Shaikhs at the noble Azhar University taught us.

So I said how strange. I know that [from what] the Azhari scholars teach their students in their lectures concerning that which is connected to the principles of aqidah and Usool al-Fiqh is that, ‘[Points of] aqidah are not established through aahaad hadith which are authentic,’ so how have they taught you a point of aqidah that is not mentioned in the Quraan nor the Sunnah? How have you come to believe this?

He was dumbfounded.  I continued and said to him, ‘Imagine that those angels who you call the Kuroobiyoon are above the [Mighty] Throne–what is above them?

So he stopped.  Baffled.

And I had already spoken to him about …

And I had already spoken to him about the fact that Allaah was and there was nothing with Him … so there was nothing there [with Him], thereafter He said, ‘Be!’ and the creation was.  If we conclude that we haven’t reached the Throne yet and in your opinion those angels are above the Throne: then what is above the Throne?  Nothing or something [wujood/existence/being/entity]?

The Azhari Shaikh: No, nothing.

[So I said] because we had agreed that nothing was in existence before Allaah the Blessed and Most High created the heavens and the earth … Allaah was and nothing was with Him … so before Allaah created anything there was nothing–so when your knowledge leads you to understand that the Kuroobiyoon angels are above the Throne and that nothing from the universe is there after that, the creation having ended … [thereafter] when the Salafis say that Allaah the Blessed and Most High rose over, i.e., ascended over, the [Mighty] Throne–why do you accuse them of having confined Allaah the Mighty and Majestic to [a place in] His universe when there is no universe there?

For the universe is limited and restricted and in our opinion the end of the universe and its highest part is the Throne and in your opinion it is the Throne and then above it are the ‘Kuroobiyoon Angels,’ and then nothing after that.

So the correct aqidah according to both the intellect and the text is truly that of the Pious Predecessors–because they did not say that Allaah is in a place, as you [falsely] assume, because there is no ‘place’ beyond the Throne, only total and complete nonexistence [of anything] except Allaah the Blessed and Most High.

But what is the matter with you when you fled from that which you accused the Salafis of, [something] which they are [in fact] free of–since [we say that] Allaah is not in a place because there is no universe or place after the [Mighty] Throne, Allaah having ascended over it–but what’s the matter with you fleeing from affirming this attribute for Allaah the Blessed and Most High, i.e., the attribute of declaring Him completely free of any likeness to His creation and not ascribing the qualities of the creation to Him [tanzeeh], because He is not in the universe.

So how is it that you say He is everywhere, you confine Him to being inside His universe which He created after it was not in existence?

So you are the Mushabbihah, and you are the Mujassimah [anthropomorphists].

And we the Salafis are nothing other than those who go by what Allaah the Most High said, ‘There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer,’ [Shuraa 42:11] and upon this aayah, upon [the meaning contained in] its beginning and end, we declare Him, the Most High, to be totally and utterly free of any likeness to His creation and do not ascribe the qualities of the creation to Him [tanzeeh], whilst affirming [His] Attributes as befits His Majesty and Exaltedness.

Fataawaa Jeddah, 17.

What is Ibadah?

October 3, 2011 1 comment

 

 

 

 

                                                    The Meaning of Ibadah

 

 

The statement of Allaah – the Most High:

 

“I did not create the Jinn, nor mankind, except to worship Me.” [Sooratudh-Dhaariyaat 51:56]

 

Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) – rahimahullaah – said:

“Worship (al-‘Ibaadah) is obedience to Allaah by following that which He ordered upon the tongues of His Messengers.” He also said, “Worship (al-‘Ibaadah) is a comprehensive term covering everything that Allaah loves and is pleased with – whether saying, or actions, outward and inward.”

[Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (10/149) of Ibn Taymiyyah]

 

Ibnul-Qayyim (d.751H) – rahimahullaah – said:

“Worship revolves around fifteen principles. Whosoever completes them has completed the stages of ‘uboodiyyah (servitude to Allaah). The explanation of this is that ‘ibaadah is divided between the heart, the tongue, and the limbs. And that for each one of these three come five types of rulings, covering all actions: waajib (obligatory), mustahabb (recommended), haraam (prohibited), makrooh (disliked), and mubaah (permissible).”

[Madaarijus-Saalikeen (1/109)]

 

Imaam al-Qurtubee (d.671H) – rahimahullaah – said:

“The root of ‘ibaadah is humility and submissiveness. The various duties that have been prescribed upon the people are called ‘ibaadaat (acts of worship), since what is required is that these acts of worship must be done with humility and submissiveness to Allaah – the Most High.”

[Al-Jaami’ li-Ahkaamil-Qur’aan (1/225), and (17/56) of al-Qurtubee]

 

Ibn Katheer (d.774H) – rahimahullaah – said:

“And ‘ibaadah is obedience to Allaah by acting upon what He commands, and abandoning what He forbids; and this is the reality and essence of Islaam. And the meaning of Islaam is: istislaam (submission and surrender) to Allaah – the Most High – along with the utmost compliance, humility, and submissiveness to Him.”

 

He also said whilst explaining the above aayah:

“Indeed Allaah – the Most High – created the creation so that they could worship Him alone, without associating any partner with Him. Whoever obeys Him will be completely rewarded, whereas whoever disobeys Him would be punished with a severe punishment. And He has informed that He is neither dependent, nor does He have any need for them. Rather, it is they who are in dire need of Him, in every condition and circumstance, since He is the One who created, sustains, and provides for them.”

[Tafseerul-Qur’aanil-‘Adtheem (7/402)]

 

Shab-e-Mairaj: What did the Prophet (ﷺ) do?

September 22, 2011 Leave a comment

 

Indeed, one night the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) was granted the Night Journey of al-Israa’ wal Mi’raaj, when he was first transported from Masjid al-Haraam to Masjid al-Aqsa and then on wards, he ascended to the Heavens and Allaah spoke to him as He willed, and enjoined the five daily prayers upon him.

 

This is definitely part of our Aqeedah. It says so in the Qur’aan [al-Isra’:1] and there is no denying that fact.

 

However, the big question to ask is…….

What did the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) do when the same day arrived the next year? Or the year after that? Or the year after that?

 

Did he EVER celebrate the night of al-Israa’ wal Mi’raaj, or fast the next day???

 

And what did he instruct the Sahaabah to do about his Night Journey?

 

Did he tell them to celebrate that night as a ’special night’ for worshipping Allaah?

 

Did he tell them to specifically fast the next day because it was ‘the day after the Journey’?

 

And what were the actions of the Sahaabah themselves?

 

Did THEY do any of the above??

 

The answer to all of the above is a big resounding NO!

 

 

Surely the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) did not omit or forget anything in the deen! Surely he did not hide anything from mankind!

 

The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) said,

“There is nothing that brings you closer to Jannah except that I have informed you about it and there is nothing that brings you closer to the fire of Hell except that I have warned you against it.”

(at-Tabaraani–Saheeh)

 

 

Then why do we not have ANY Saheeh reports of the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) or the Sahaabah worshipping Allaah especially on this night and fasting the next day?

 

 

ANSWER: BECAUSE THAT WAS NOT THE PRACTICE OF RASUL ALLAAH (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) OR HIS SAHAABAH!

 

 

If celebrating it was something that is prescribed in Islam, the Messenger (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) would certainly have told his ummah about it, either in word or in deed. If any such thing had happened, it would have been well known, and his companions would have transmitted the information to us. They narrated from the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) everything that we need to know, and they did not neglect any aspect of the religion, rather they were the first ones to do anything good. If celebrating this night had been prescribed in Islam, they would have been the first people to do so.

 

 

And if it wasn’t the practice of our Beloved Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) or his Sahaabah, then, why, O Muslim, do YOU insist on doing it???

Isn’t the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) the best example to be followed?

 

 

“In the Messenger of Allah you have a fine example for he who hopes for Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah abundantly.”

(Surah al-Ahzaab: 21)

 

 

 

But everyone does so!!

Sure, I know, you have seen your fathers and grandfathers doing so. But, let me remind you, O Muslim, that it is NOT our forefathers that we are supposed to follow. Rather, our worship should be based on proofs from the Quraan and authentic Sunnah, and NOT culture or tradition.

 

 

“When it is said to them: ‘Follow what Allah has sent down,’ they reply: ‘We will follow that which we found our fathers upon,’ even though their fathers did not understand anything nor were they guided.”

(Surah al-Baqarah: 170)

 

Is good intention enough??

I know beyond doubt, that in celebrating this night, your intention is good. But dear brother/sister, in order for our worship to be accepted, it also has to be prescribed in the Qur’aan and Sunnah. If it is not so, it will be rejected.

The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) said:

“Whoever introduces anything into this matter of ours that is not part of it will have it rejected.”

(Bukhaari, Muslim)

 

Exact date unknown???

Also, do you know that even though the incidence of al-Israa’ wal Mi’raaj is an undeniable fact in history, yet the exact date or even the exact month in which this took place is not certain?

 

Shaykh ‘Abd al-’Azeez ibn Baaz said:

With regard to this night on which the Isra’ and Mi’raaj took place, there is nothing in the saheeh ahaadeeth to indicate that it is in Rajab or in any other month. Everything that has been narrated concerning a specific date for these events cannot be proven to have come from the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) according to the scholars of hadeeth….”

(Islam-qa)

 

But, what’s the harm in it???

Now, some of you will say, “What’s the harm in it? I am just worshipping Allah!”

 

But, the answer to that, O noble reader, is…..

“And whosoever opposes the Messenger (Muhammad Sal Allaahu Alaihi Wassallam) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers’ way, We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell – what an evil destination!”

[Surah an-Nisaa:115]

 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen says:

“Fasting on the twenty-seventh of Rajab and spending that night in prayer is a bid’ah (innovation), and every bid’ah is a going astray.”

(Majmoo’ Fataawa , 20/440)

 

So, remember, my dear brothers and sisters in Islaam, DO NOT single out the 27th for your worship because it was NOT the practice of the Prophet OR his Sahaabah.

If however, you pray every single night and it is part of your routine to stay up for worship, then there is no harm. Similarly, if you are in the habit of fasting Mondays and Thursdays, or during Ayyaam Beed (the 13th, 14th, and 15th of every Islaamic month), and the 27th of Rajab falls on one of those days, then it is OK to do so.

The problem arises when one thinks that this night is special and singles out this night or day for worship, thinking they are getting extra reward for their worship. But this is contrary to the Sunnah.

 

The Sufi Gaze !!!

September 20, 2011 2 comments

 

Below are some powers attributed to the sufis of the Chisti Tariqah by Zakariya Khandlawee al-Deobandee al-Hanafee (Mashaikh-e-Chist, Eng.Trans. Saadiq publications)

  • Any person, on whom Hazrat (Nizamuddin Deen al-Umri) cast his gaze would become a Shahid-e-Shuhood immediately. (Shahid-Shuhood is a high ranking Wali those who dwell in a lofty state of Divine Presence and Perception – Translator of Mashaikh-e-Chist) (page.192, Saadiq publications)

 

  • By a gaze of Hazrat Abu Ahmad (Khawajah Abu Ahmad Abdaal Chisti), a man could be transformed into a performer of karaamat. (page.145, published Majlisul Ulama of South Africa)

 

  • Hazrat Shaykh Abdul-Haqq Quddus Gangohi cast a powerful gaze of Tawajjuh on Moulana Jalal Deen. In consequsnce, his entire treasure of knowledge was affected. (page.188, Saadiq publications)

 

  • His (Khawajah Moinud Deen Chisiti) gaze was sufficiant to transform a man into a Sahib-e-Marifat.(page.45, Saadiq publications)

 

  • Khawajah Moinud Deen Chist became ba’yt to Hazrat Uthmaan Haaruni, and by his virtue of Tawajjuh, Moinud-Deen Chisiti attained perfection in sulook in a single day. (page.145, Saadiq publications)

 

  • Khawajah moinud Deen Chisti once passed by an orchard of a hostile Shiah chief, who would kill any person who adopted the names, Abu Bakr, Umar, and Uthmaan. Moinud Deen Chisti sat near the pond. The Shiah appeaerd in a furious state intending to kill Moinud Deen Chisti. But when Hazrat glanced at him, the shiah fell down. When he gained his consciousness, he was a transformed person and a staunch follower. (page.147, Saadiq publications)

 

Comment:

The Prophet’s ( صلى الله عليه وسلم) uncle Abu Talib was within sight of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم), but he was not able to bring him to Islaam and Allaah said to him ( صلى الله عليه وسلم):

“Indeed, you (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) guide not whom you like, but Allaah guides whom He wills. And He knoes best those who are the guided” (Qur’aan 28:56)

Furthermore, the son of Nuh (عليه السلام) and the father of Ibraheem (عليه السلام) were within sight of these great Prophets, but they were unable to guide them.

 

Do the Deobandi’s believe in every tale without asking why the Prophets did not have these powers?

 

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