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The Light of Paradise


 

Ibn Kathir in his commentary on the aayah:

And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening. Such is the Paradise, which We shall give as an inheritance to those of Our slave who have been al-Muttaqoon [pious and righteous]” [19:62-63] said,

“This means something approximate to the times of day and night, it does not mean that there will be a day and night there. They will know the passing of time by the changes in the light”

[Tafsir Ibn Kathir, 4/471]

 

al-Qurtubee said,

“The scholars said there is no night and day in Paradise, rather they will be in eternal everlasting light. They will know when night comes because curtains or screens will be put up and doors will be closed, and they will know when day comes because the curtains or screens will be taken down and the doors will be opened. This was mentioned by Abul-Faraj ibn al-Jawzee”

[al-Qurtubee, at-Tadhkirah, p. 504

 

On the same subject, Ibn Taymiyyah said,

“There is no sun and moon in Paradise, and no day or night, but they will know morning and evening from a light that shines from the direction of the Throne”

[Majmu’ Fataawa Shaikh al-Islaam, 4/312]

 

[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, pg 69]

 

Do not belittle sins- Sh. Salih al-Munajjid

September 19, 2015 Leave a comment

 

Through belittling sins, many people fall into disobedience. They may be of the opinion that minor sins, being minor, will not result in any punishment, and possibly aren’t sins at all, and this is not the opinion held by people of faith.

 

Ibn Mas`ood, [may Allah be pleased with him], said:

“The believer views their sins as a mountain at whose trough they sit, all the time fearing its collapse onto them. The sinner views their sins like a fly that passes by their nose, and they do like so with their hand.” He then swatted with his hand.

[Reported by Al-Bukhaari (6308)]

donot-sin

Also, Allah the Exalted Says (what means):

“O you who have believed, fear Allaah as He should be feared” [Quran 3:102]

Meaning, true Taqwaa is not avoiding ending up in Hellfire by avoiding major sins only, but avoiding minor sins also, and everything that has the potential to lead a person to Hellfire. The way to do so is to place between yourself and Hellfire a protective fort built on actions of obedience.

 

Minor sins pose a great danger, and the master and chief of the Messengers warned from them, as `Abdullaah ibn Mas`ood [may Allah be pleased with him], reported, that Allah’s Messenger [ﷺ] said:

“Beware of belittled sins, because they gather on a person until they destroy him.” The Messenger of Allah [ﷺ] set a parable for this by a group of people who set camp in an area, and each of the persons goes in search of a branch and comes back with one. Eventually, a great bundle of wood is collected. It is then set on fire and food is cooked over it.

[Reported by Ahmad (22302) and Al-Haithami said in Majma` Az Zawaa’id, “Its narrators are those found in the Saheeh collections]

 

[From the book: Piety, of Sh. Salih al-Munajjid, page 20-21]

 

The Punishment of the People of Hell will vary in degree

April 25, 2015 6 comments

 

As Hell has various levels, in some of which the torment and horror is greater than in others, so the people of Hell will be given different levels of punishment. According to a hadith narrated by Muslim and Ahmad from Samurah, the Prophet (ﷺ) said, concerning the people of Hell:

“There are some whom the Fire will take up to their ankles, others up to their knees, others up to their waists, and others up to their collarbones”.

According to another report, “up to their necks”

(Muslim in Kitaab al-Jannah wa Sifaat Na’imihaa, Baab Shiddat Harr an-Naar, 4/2185)

 

The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) has told us about those who will receive the lightest punishment in Hell. al- Bukhari reports from al-Nu’maan ibn Basheer who said:
“I heard the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) say,

“The person who will have the least punishment among the people of Hell on the Day of Resurrection will be a man under the arch of whose feet will be placed a smouldering ember, and his brains will boil because of it.”

 

In another report also narrated by al-Bukhari from an-Nu’maan ibn Basheer, the Prophet (ﷺ) said,

“The person who will have the least punishment among the people of Hell on the Day of Resurrection will be a man under the arch of whose feet will be placed two smouldering embers, because of which his brains will boil like water boils in a mirjal [copper vessel] or qumqum [narrow necked vessel].”

(al-Bukhaari in Sahih, Kitaab ar-Raqaaq, Baab Sifaat al-Jannah wan-Naar, Fath al-Baari, 11/417, and Muslim in his Sahih, Kitaab al-Imaan, 1/196, no. 363)

 

According to a report narrated from an-Nu’man ibn Basheer by Muslim, the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

“The person who will have the least punishment among the people of Hell on the Day of Resurrection is a man who will be given shoes and laces of fire, because of which his brains will boil like water in a mirjal (copper vessel). He will not think that anyone could be more severely punished than himself, yet he will be the one with the lightest punishment”.

(Sahih Muslim, Kitaab al-Imaan, 1/196, no. 364; Muslim also reports from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri in the same chapter, no. 361)

 

al-Bukhari and Muslim both narrate from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri that he heard the Messenger of Allaah (saw) say, when his uncle Abu Talib was mentioned:

“Maybe my intercession will help him on the Day of Resurrection, so that he may be put in a shallow part of Hell, with fire reaching to his ankles and causing his brain to boil”.

(al-Bukhaari in Kitaab ar-Riqaaq, Baab Sifaat al-Jannah wan-Naar, Fath al- Baari, 11/417 and Muslim in Kitaab al-Imaam, Baab Shifa’at an-Nabi (saw), ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib, 1/195, hadith no. 360)

 

Many ayat confirm the different levels of punishment that will be given to the people of Hell:

 
“The hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire..” (4:145)

 
“..and [the Sentence will be] on the Day that Judgement will be established [it will be said to the angels]: “Cast the people of Pharaoh into the severest Penalty!” (40:46)

 
“Those who reject Allaah and hinder [men] from the Path of Allaah, for them will We add penalty to penalty, for that they used to spread mischief [or corruption]”. (16:88)

 

al-Qurtubi said,

“This topic indicates that the kufr of the person who simply disbelieves is not like the kufr of a person who oppresses, disbelieves, rebels and disobeys. There is no doubt that the kuffaar will suffer different levels of punishment in hell, as is known from Qur’an and Sunnah. We know for certain that the punishment of those who oppressed and killed the Prophets and Muslims, and spread corruption and disbelief on earth, will not be the same as the punishment of those who simply disbelieved, but treated the Prophets and Muslims well.

 

Do you not see Abu Talib, how the Prophet (ﷺ) will bring him up to a shallow level of Hell, because he helped him, protected him and treated him well? The hadith narrated by Muslim from Samurah may be interpreted as referring to the kuffar, as there is a hadith about Abu Talib, or it may be interpreted as referring to those monotheists who will be punished”.

(at-Tadhkirah, p. 409)

 

 

Ibn Rajab said,

“Know that the different levels of punishment suffered by the people of Hell will be according to the levels of their deeds for which they entered Hell”.

Then he quotes the evidence for that, such as the words of Ibn ‘Abbas,

“The punishment of those who were extreme in their disbelief and spread corruption on earth, calling others to kufr, will not be like the punishment of those who did not do such things”.

Then Ibn Rajab says,

“Similarly, the punishments of the monotheists in Hell will be at different levels, according to their deeds. The punishment of those who were guilty of major sins (kabaa’ir) will not be like that of those who were guilty of minor sins (saghaa’ir). The punishment may be reduced for some of them because of other good deeds, or for whatever reason Allaah wills. Hence some of them may die in the Fire”.

(at- Takhweef min an-Naar, p. 142-143)

 

[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, pg 38-39]

Paradise: There is Nothing Like It


 

The delights of Paradise surpass the imagination and defy description. They are like nothing known to the people of this world; no matter how advanced we may become, what we achieve is as nothing in comparison with the joys of the Hereafter. As is mentioned in several reports, there is nothing like Paradise:

 

“It is sparkling light, aromatic plants, a lofty palace, a flowing river, ripe fruit, a beautiful wife and abundant clothing, in an eternal abode of radiant joy, in beautiful soundly-constructed high houses”.

[Ibn Maajah, as-Sunan, Kitaab az-Zuhd, Baab Sifaat al-Jannah, 2/1448, no. 4332. Ibn Hibbaan narrated it in his saheeh]

 

 

The Sahabah asked the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) about the buildings of Paradise and he replied with a wonderful description:

“Bricks of gold and silver, and mortar of fragrant musk, pebbles of pearl and sapphire, and soil of saffron. Whoever enters it is filled with joy and will never feel miserable; he will live there forever and never die; their clothes will never wear out and their youth will never fade.”

[Ahmad, at- Tirmidhi, ad-Daarimee, Mishkaat al-Masaabeeh, 3/29, sahih].

 

Allaah indeed spoke the truth when He  said:

“And when you look there [in Paradise] you will see a delight [that cannot be imagined]. and a great dominion”

[Quran 76:20]

 

What Allaah has kept hidden from us the delights of Paradise is beyond our ability to comprehend: al- Bukhaari reported from Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said that Allaah said,

“I have prepared for My slaves what no eye has seen, no ear has heard and no human heart can imagine”.

Recite if you wish,

“No person know what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do.”

(Quran 32:17).

 

In the version reported by Muslim from Abu Hurayrah, there is the addition,

“Never mind what Allaah has told you; what He has not told you is EVEN greater”.

 

[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, pg 58]

 

The rich who are living in the lap of luxury on the Day of Resurrection

September 3, 2014 2 comments

 

Those who are content with the life of this world, and who enjoy a great deal of luxury, will have a hard time on the Day of Resurrection. The Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) has told us that the one who frequently has a full stomach in this world will feel hungry for a long time on the Day of Resurrection.

 

In Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Sunan ibn Maajah and Mustadrak al-Haakim it is narrated that the Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said to one of his Companions:

“Withhold your burps from us, for those who are most satisfied in this world will be hungry for the longest time on the Day of Resurrection. “

[The isnaad of this hadith is quoted by Shaykh Naasiruddeen al-Albaani in Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah, hadith no. 343.]

 

 

And he told us that those who own a lot of wealth and worldly luxuries will have the least reward on the Day of Resurrection, unless they spent their wealth in good ways. Both Bukhari and Muslim narrated that Abu Dharr [radiAllahu anhu] said:

“Those who have the most will have the least on the Day of Resurrection, except for those upon whom Allah bestowed wealth, and they started giving it away left and right, front and back, and used it to do good. “

[Saheeh al-Jaami ‘ as-Sagheer, 2/165, hadith no. 1 950.]

 

 

Paucity of Hasanaat (good deeds) will delay their entry and cause others to go ahead of them, after they were foremost in this world. In Sunan ibn Maajah it is narrated that Abu Dharr said: The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“Those who have a lot will be the lowest in status on the Day of Resurrection, except those who said with their wealth, ‘this way and that way’ (i.e., spending in the way of Allah), and earned it from good sources. “‘

[Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah, 4/364, hadith no. 1 766.]

 

The Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) also told us that those who indulge heavily in worldly luxuries and wealth will not be able to overcome the obstacles and terrors of the Day of Resurrection.

 

In Shu ‘ab al Eemaan it is narrated that Umm ad-Darda’ said: “I said to Abu’dDarda’,

 ‘Why do you not ask as So and so has asked?’ He said, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) say,

‘Ahead of you there is a very difficult obstacle which those who are burdened (with wealth and luxury) will not be able to overcome. “‘

[Mishkaat al-Masaabeeh, 21607, hadith no. 5204. In Saheeh al-Jaami ‘ it is also attributed to Al-Haakim. See Saheeh al-Jaami’, 2/1 78, hadith no. 1 997.]

 

[Taken from: The Day of Resurrection by Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, page 202-205]

 

The First People to Enter Paradise


 

 

The first of mankind to enter Paradise will be our Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and the first nation to enter Paradise will be his ummah. The first member of this ummah to enter will be Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (radiAllahu anhu).

 

Ibn Katheer quotes a number of Hadith [an-Nihayah, 2/213] that state this such as the report of Muslim from Anas (radiAllahu anhu) according to which the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“I will be the first one to knock at the gates of Paradise”.

 

 

Muslim also reported from Anas that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“I will come to the gates of paradise and ask for it to be opened.

The gatekeeper will ask, “Who are you?”

I will say, “Muhammad”.

The gatekeeper will say, “I was ordered not to open the gate for anyone else before you””.

 

 

al-Bukhaari, Muslim and an-Nasaa’ee report from Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“We are the last, but we will be the first on the Day of Resurrection. We will be the first of mankind to enter Paradise”.

 

 

Abu Dawood reports from Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“Jibreel came to me, and showed me the gate of Paradise through which my ummah will enter”.

Abu Bakr said, “O Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), would that I had been with you to see it!”.

The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “But you, O Abu Bakr, will be the first of my ummah to enter Paradise”.

 

[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, pg 50]

 

From the chapter on ‘Paradise and Its People’: Tanbih Al-Ghafileen

August 20, 2013 5 comments

 

It was said:

“Verily, in Paradise there is a huri named Lu’bah. If she were to spit into the ocean, it would purify all of its water. On her chest, there is written: ‘Whoever desires to have someone like me, then let him busy himself with obeying my Lord.'”

 

It was said:

“The ground in Paradise is made of silver, its dust is made of musk, the trunks of its made of gold and silver, the branches of its trees are made of pearls and gems, with its leaves and fruits growing out from them. So, whoever eats standing will not be harmed, whoever eats sitting will not be harmed, and whoever eats laying down will not be harmed, as Allah says: {“...and the bunches of fruit thereof will hang low within their reach.”} [al-Insan; 14]

That is, these fruits will be within their reach whether they are standing, sitting, or laying down.”

 

It was said:

“By the One who revealed the Book upon Muhammad (peace be upon him), the people of Paradise will increase in beauty and goodness everyday, just as they used to increase in old age and weakness in the world everyday.”

 

It was said:

“In Paradise, if anyone desires the meat of a bird, he simply calls out for one and it comes down and lands on its side. He eats smoked meat from one side of it and roasted meat from the other,then it comes back to life again and flies away.”

 

It was narrated from one of those who would abstain from the worldly pleasures that he would eat herbs and salt without any bread, so it was said to him: “You limit yourself to this?!” The man replied:

“Yes, because I live my life for Paradise, and you live your life for the bathroom (meaning, you eat the best of foods and end up in the bathroom, while I eat simple foods in order to sustain my ability to worship, hoping to end up in Paradise).”

 

It was narrated that a man desired to enter the bathroom, so his companion prevented him from doing so and said to him: “You cannot enter without paying a fee.” So, the man cried out and said:

O Allah! He has prevented me from entering the abode of the devils without a price, so how can I expect to enter the abode of the prophets and the truthful without a price?”

 

It was said:

“If Paradise could not be attained by anyone except if they abandoned all that they loved from this worldly life, then this would be nothing in comparison to Paradise.

If one could not be saved from Hell except by experiencing every hardship possible, then this would be nothing in comparison to Hell.

So, how is it when you can enter Paradise by abandoning one fraction of athousand of the things you like, and you can be saved from Hell by experiencin one fraction of athousand of hardship?”

 

It was narrated:

Verily, a woman of this world – if she makes it to Paradise – will be more virtuous and preferred over the Hur al-‘Ayn because of her actions in this world.”

 

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