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Do not belittle sins- Sh. Salih al-Munajjid

September 19, 2015 Leave a comment

 

Through belittling sins, many people fall into disobedience. They may be of the opinion that minor sins, being minor, will not result in any punishment, and possibly aren’t sins at all, and this is not the opinion held by people of faith.

 

Ibn Mas`ood, [may Allah be pleased with him], said:

“The believer views their sins as a mountain at whose trough they sit, all the time fearing its collapse onto them. The sinner views their sins like a fly that passes by their nose, and they do like so with their hand.” He then swatted with his hand.

[Reported by Al-Bukhaari (6308)]

donot-sin

Also, Allah the Exalted Says (what means):

“O you who have believed, fear Allaah as He should be feared” [Quran 3:102]

Meaning, true Taqwaa is not avoiding ending up in Hellfire by avoiding major sins only, but avoiding minor sins also, and everything that has the potential to lead a person to Hellfire. The way to do so is to place between yourself and Hellfire a protective fort built on actions of obedience.

 

Minor sins pose a great danger, and the master and chief of the Messengers warned from them, as `Abdullaah ibn Mas`ood [may Allah be pleased with him], reported, that Allah’s Messenger [ﷺ] said:

“Beware of belittled sins, because they gather on a person until they destroy him.” The Messenger of Allah [ﷺ] set a parable for this by a group of people who set camp in an area, and each of the persons goes in search of a branch and comes back with one. Eventually, a great bundle of wood is collected. It is then set on fire and food is cooked over it.

[Reported by Ahmad (22302) and Al-Haithami said in Majma` Az Zawaa’id, “Its narrators are those found in the Saheeh collections]

 

[From the book: Piety, of Sh. Salih al-Munajjid, page 20-21]

 

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The Punishment of the People of Hell will vary in degree

April 25, 2015 6 comments

 

As Hell has various levels, in some of which the torment and horror is greater than in others, so the people of Hell will be given different levels of punishment. According to a hadith narrated by Muslim and Ahmad from Samurah, the Prophet (ﷺ) said, concerning the people of Hell:

“There are some whom the Fire will take up to their ankles, others up to their knees, others up to their waists, and others up to their collarbones”.

According to another report, “up to their necks”

(Muslim in Kitaab al-Jannah wa Sifaat Na’imihaa, Baab Shiddat Harr an-Naar, 4/2185)

 

The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) has told us about those who will receive the lightest punishment in Hell. al- Bukhari reports from al-Nu’maan ibn Basheer who said:
“I heard the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) say,

“The person who will have the least punishment among the people of Hell on the Day of Resurrection will be a man under the arch of whose feet will be placed a smouldering ember, and his brains will boil because of it.”

 

In another report also narrated by al-Bukhari from an-Nu’maan ibn Basheer, the Prophet (ﷺ) said,

“The person who will have the least punishment among the people of Hell on the Day of Resurrection will be a man under the arch of whose feet will be placed two smouldering embers, because of which his brains will boil like water boils in a mirjal [copper vessel] or qumqum [narrow necked vessel].”

(al-Bukhaari in Sahih, Kitaab ar-Raqaaq, Baab Sifaat al-Jannah wan-Naar, Fath al-Baari, 11/417, and Muslim in his Sahih, Kitaab al-Imaan, 1/196, no. 363)

 

According to a report narrated from an-Nu’man ibn Basheer by Muslim, the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

“The person who will have the least punishment among the people of Hell on the Day of Resurrection is a man who will be given shoes and laces of fire, because of which his brains will boil like water in a mirjal (copper vessel). He will not think that anyone could be more severely punished than himself, yet he will be the one with the lightest punishment”.

(Sahih Muslim, Kitaab al-Imaan, 1/196, no. 364; Muslim also reports from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri in the same chapter, no. 361)

 

al-Bukhari and Muslim both narrate from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri that he heard the Messenger of Allaah (saw) say, when his uncle Abu Talib was mentioned:

“Maybe my intercession will help him on the Day of Resurrection, so that he may be put in a shallow part of Hell, with fire reaching to his ankles and causing his brain to boil”.

(al-Bukhaari in Kitaab ar-Riqaaq, Baab Sifaat al-Jannah wan-Naar, Fath al- Baari, 11/417 and Muslim in Kitaab al-Imaam, Baab Shifa’at an-Nabi (saw), ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib, 1/195, hadith no. 360)

 

Many ayat confirm the different levels of punishment that will be given to the people of Hell:

 
“The hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire..” (4:145)

 
“..and [the Sentence will be] on the Day that Judgement will be established [it will be said to the angels]: “Cast the people of Pharaoh into the severest Penalty!” (40:46)

 
“Those who reject Allaah and hinder [men] from the Path of Allaah, for them will We add penalty to penalty, for that they used to spread mischief [or corruption]”. (16:88)

 

al-Qurtubi said,

“This topic indicates that the kufr of the person who simply disbelieves is not like the kufr of a person who oppresses, disbelieves, rebels and disobeys. There is no doubt that the kuffaar will suffer different levels of punishment in hell, as is known from Qur’an and Sunnah. We know for certain that the punishment of those who oppressed and killed the Prophets and Muslims, and spread corruption and disbelief on earth, will not be the same as the punishment of those who simply disbelieved, but treated the Prophets and Muslims well.

 

Do you not see Abu Talib, how the Prophet (ﷺ) will bring him up to a shallow level of Hell, because he helped him, protected him and treated him well? The hadith narrated by Muslim from Samurah may be interpreted as referring to the kuffar, as there is a hadith about Abu Talib, or it may be interpreted as referring to those monotheists who will be punished”.

(at-Tadhkirah, p. 409)

 

 

Ibn Rajab said,

“Know that the different levels of punishment suffered by the people of Hell will be according to the levels of their deeds for which they entered Hell”.

Then he quotes the evidence for that, such as the words of Ibn ‘Abbas,

“The punishment of those who were extreme in their disbelief and spread corruption on earth, calling others to kufr, will not be like the punishment of those who did not do such things”.

Then Ibn Rajab says,

“Similarly, the punishments of the monotheists in Hell will be at different levels, according to their deeds. The punishment of those who were guilty of major sins (kabaa’ir) will not be like that of those who were guilty of minor sins (saghaa’ir). The punishment may be reduced for some of them because of other good deeds, or for whatever reason Allaah wills. Hence some of them may die in the Fire”.

(at- Takhweef min an-Naar, p. 142-143)

 

[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, pg 38-39]

[Dreadful] From the chapter on ‘The Fire and Its People’: Tanbih Al-Ghafileen


 

There was a man whose tears would not stop rolling from his eyes. He would keep weeping until he was finally asked why he was in this state, so he answered:

“If Allah – the Exalted – had promised me that if I commit a sin, he would imprison me in a bathroom forever, then it would be appropriate for me to never stop crying. So, how should it be considering that He has promised that He would imprison me in a fire that has been burning for over three thousand years?

 

It was said:

“Verily, Hell has a pathway filled with snakes that are as thick as the trunks of trees and scorpions that are like blackened beasts.

The peope of Hell will escape from the Fire to these snakes, so these snakes will grab them by their lips and peel away everything from their hair to their fingernails, and nothing can save them from this except to jump back into the Fire.”

 

It was said:

“Verily, the people of Hell will call out to one of the angels guarding it, and he will not answer them for forty years. Then, he will say to them: {“Verily, you shall abide forever.”} [az-Zukhruf; 77]

 

Then, they will call upon their Lord: {“Our Lord! Take us out of it (Hell), and if  we were to return, then we would indeed be wrong-doers!”} [al-Mu’minun; 107], and the amount of time that He will wait without answering them will be equal to twice the amount of time that the World existed. Then, He will say to them: {“Remain in it forever, and do not speak to Me.”} [al-Mu’minun;108]

 

By Allah, after this, the people will not speak a single word, and there will not be except the inhalation and exhalation of the Hell-Fire, and their voices will be like those of screaming donkeys in between the inhalations and exhalations of the Fire.”

 

The narrator of this athar (who was one of the Tabi’in) commented by saying: “O people! Do you have the capacity to withstand this? Are you patient enough to withstand this? O people! Obedience to Allah is easier upon you than this, soobey Him!”

 

 

It was narrated:

“Verily, the people of the Fire will be tortured for one thousand years, then they will say: “During our lives, if we were patient, we were eventually given a way out of our troubles.” So,they will be patient for one thousand more years without their punishment being lightened for them. Then, they will say: {“It does not matter whether we rage or patiently endure; we have no place of refuge.”} [Ibrahim; 21]

 

Then, they will call upon Allah – the Exalted – for one thousand years to send some rain upon them out of their extreme thirst and intense torture so that they would be relieved of the intense temperatures and extreme thirst. So, after they supplicate for one thousand years, Allah -the Exalted – will say to Jibril: “What do they ask for?” Jibril will answer: “O Lord, You are more Knowing of them. They ask for rain.” So, red clouds will appear above them, and they will think that rain will pour from these clouds. Instead, blackened scorpions will pour down upon them, one sting of which throbs with pain for over one thousand years.

 

Then, they will again ask Allah – the Exalted -for one thousand years to provide them with rain, and then black clouds will appear above them. They will say: “These are rain clouds!” But instead, snakes like the  necks of camels will pour out of the clouds, one bite of which throbs with pain for over one thousand years, and this is the meaning of the saying of the Exalted: {“We will add torment upon torment for them because of the corruption that they used to perform.”} [an-Nahl; 88].”

 

More

From the chapter on ‘The Day of Judgement’ From the chapter on ‘Death’ |  From the chapter of ‘Sincerity’

 

The Gates of Hell


 

Allah has told us that Hell has seven gates, as He said:
“And surely, Hell is the promised place for them all. It [Hell] has seven gates, for each of these gates is a [special] class [of sinners] assigned”. (15:43-44)

 

Ibn Katheer commenting on this aayah, said:

“This means that each gate has been allotted its share of the followers of Iblees who will enter it, and the will not be able to avoid it. May Allaah protect us from it. Each will enter a gate according to his deeds, and will be assigned to a level of Hell according to his deeds.”

 

It was reported from ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (radiAllahu anhu) that he said, during a khutbah (sermon):

“The gates of Hell are such and-such”.

 

Abu Harun said,

“They are in layers, one above the other”.

 

It is reported that he also said,

“The gates of Hell number seven, one above the other. The first will be filled, then the second, then the third, until all of them are filled.”

(Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 4/162)

 

 

When the disbelievers come to Hell, its gates will be opened, and they will enter it, to remain there forever:

“And those who disbelieved will be driven to Hell in groups, till, when they reach it, the gates thereof will be opened [suddenly like a prison at the arrival of the prisoners]. And its keepers will say, “Did not the Messengers come to you from yourselves – reciting to you the Verses of your Rabb, and warning you of the Meeting of this Day of yours”. They will say, “Yes” but the Word of torment has been justified against the disbelievers”. (39:71)

 

 

After they are admitted, they will be told:

“Enter you the gates of Hell, to abide therein. And [indeed] what an evil abode of the arrogant!” (39:72)

 

These gates will be shut upon the evildoers, and they will have no hope of ever escaping from them after that, as Allah says, “But those who reject Our Signs, they are the [unhappy] Companions of the Left Hand. On them will be Fire vaulted over [all round].” (90:19-20)

 

Ibn ‘Abbaas said,

“vaulted” (literally: “shut over them”) means that the gates will be locked”.

al-Mujaahid pointed out that the word used (mu’sadah) is the word used in the dialect of Quraysh to mean “locked” or shut” (Tafseer Ibn Katheer 7/298)

 

In the Qur’aan Allah says:
“Woe to every [kind of] scandalmonger and backbiter, who piles up wealth and lays it by. Thinking that his wealth would make him last forever! By no means! He will be sure to be thrown into that which Breaks to Pieces. And what will explain to you that which breaks to pieces? The Fire of [the wrath of] Allaah, kindled [to a blaze], which mounts [right] to the heart. It shall be made into a vault over them, in columns outstretched.” (104:1-9)

 

 

Allaah  states that the gates of Hell will be locked behind them. Ibn Abbaas said,

“In columns outstretched” means that the gates will be stretched out”. ‘Atiyah said, “It is a pillar of iron”. Muqaatil said, “The gates will be closed firmly behind them and locked with a bolt of iron, so that the pain and heat will be intensified. The expression “stretched forth” applies to the “pillar”, meaning that the bolts with which the  gates are locked will be very long, because a long bolt is stronger than a short one”

(Ibn Rajab, at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.61)

 

The gates of Hell may be opened and closed before the Day of Judgement. The Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) told us that the gates of Hell are locked during the month of Ramadhan. at-Tirmidhi reported that Abu Hurayrah said the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“When the first night of Ramadhan comes, the Shayaateen and evil jinns are chained up. The gates of Hell are closed and not one of them is opened. The gates of Paradise are opened and not one of them is closed.”

(Ibid, p.66)

[al-Jannah wa an-Naar, page 10]

 

The Vast Extent of Hell


 

Hell is huge and vast and immensely deep, as is proven by several things:

 
(1) Those who will enter Hell are innumerable, yet one of them will be so huge that his molars will be as big as Mount Uhud, and the distance between his shoulders will be equivalent to three days walking. Nevertheless, Hell will accommodate the huge number of Kuffaar and evildoers who have existed throughout history, in spite of their huge size, and there will still be room for more, as Allaah says in the Qur’aan:

“On the Day when We will say to Hell: “Are you filled?” It will say: “Are there any more to come?” (50:30)

The Fire of Hell is like a mill to which are brought thousands upon thousands of tons of grain, which it grinds tirelessly until it is all done, then waits for more.

 

 

In the hadith that describes the debate between Paradise and Hell, it says that Allah  said to Hell, “You are My Punishment; I will punish in you whomsoever I will”. Both Paradise and Hell will be filled, but Hell will not be filled until Allah places His foot in it and it will say, “Enough, enough!”. Then it will be filled and its different parts will come closer to one another. Allah will not wrong any one of His Creation.

Reported by al-Bukhaari and Muslim from Abu Hurayrah (ra) (Jaami’ al-Usool, 10/544). [See the narration from Anas in al-Bukhaari, Muslim and Mishkaat ul-Masaabeeh, 3/109 with a similar meaning].

 

 

(2) Another indication of its vast depth is the fact that a stone thrown from the top of Hell takes a very long time to reach the bottom. Muslim reports that Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) said:

“We were with the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and we heard the sound of something falling. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Do you know what that was?” We said, “Allaah and His Messenger know best”. He said, “That was a stone that was thrown into Hell seventy years ago and it was falling through Hell until now”.

(Muslim, Kitaab al-Jannah, Baab fi shiddat haar an-naar, 4/2184 no. 2844)

 

 
Haakim reports from Abu Hurayrah, and Tabaraani from Mu’aadh and Abu Umamah (radiAllahu anhu) that the Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“If there was a huge stone as big as seven khalifaat stones, and it was thrown from the edge of Hell it would fly through it for seventy years before it reached the bottom”.

(Saheeh al-Jaami’ as-Sagheer, 5/58, no. 5124, Its isnaad is saheeh).

 

 

(3) The great number of angels who will bring Hell forth on the Day of Resurrection.
The Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) described how Hell will be brought forth on the Day of Resurrection, concerning which Allah said,

“And Hell will be brought near that Day”. (89:23)

 
The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“Hell will be brought forth that Day by means of seventy thousand ropes, each of which will be held by seventy thousand angels.”

(reported by Muslim from ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ud, 4/2184 no.2842)

 
We can only image the vastness of this terrifying creation that requires such a huge number of strong and powerful angels whose strength is known only to Allaah!

 

 

(4) Another indication of the vastness of Hell is the fact that two great creations like the sun and moon will be two rolled-up bulls in Hell. at-Tahhaawee reports, in Mishkil al-Aathaar, that Salamah ibn ‘Abdur-Rahman said, “Abu Hurayrah told us that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“The sun and moon will be two rolled-up bulls in Hell on the Day of Resurrection”

al-Bayhaqi also reported this in “al-Ba’th wal-Nushur”, as did al-Bazzaar, al-Isma’ili and al-Khattaabi, with an isnaad that is saheeh according to the conditions of al-Bukhaari, who reported in al-Saheeh al-Mukhtasar, with the wording

“The sun and moon will be rolled up in Hell of the day of Resurrection”.

(Sheikh Naasir ud-Deen al-Albaani narrated this hadeeth in Silsilah al-ahadeeth as-Saheehah, 1/32, hadith no:124)

 

[al-Jannah wa an-Naar, pg 7-8]

Dispute between the Hell and Jannah- Few beneficial points from Riyad us Saaliheen


 

Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (RadiAllahu anhu) reported: The Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

There was a dispute between the Hell and Jannah.

The Hell said: “The haughty and proud are my inmates.” Jannah said: “The modest and the humble are my residents”. Thereupon, Allah the Exalted and Glorious (addressing Jannah) said:
“You are My Mercy, through you I shall show mercy to those whom I wish”. (And addressing the Hell), He said: “You are (the means) of My punishment by which I shall punish such of My slaves as I wish and each one of you would have its fill”.

[Muslim].

 

Commentary:

1] In this Hadith people who are termed as `modest’ and `humble’ are the rich in Faith and piety. They lead a life of patience and contentment. This Hadith gives glad tidings to such noble people. On the contrary, it has a threat of Hell for those who disobey Divine injunctions and are haughty and proud. Now, it is entirely one’s own choice which way he goes.

 
2] The dialogue between Jannah and Hell quoted in this Hadith is not something impossible. It is not at all difficult for Allah to create in them such intelligence and consciousness which can enable them to make a discussion on the subjects mentioned in the Hadith. Thus, there is no need to offer any justification for the veracity of such Ahadith.

These should, therefore, be taken as literally correct. This Hadith is mentioned in detail in Musnad Ahmad and is narrated by Abu Hurairah (RadiAllahu anhu) at greater length than in the narration of Abu Sa`id Al- Khudri (radiAllahu anhu) quoted in Kitab-ut-Tafsir (the Book of Commentary) of Sahih Al-Bukhari.

[End quote from Riyad us Saaliheen]

 

 

I (Dr Iftakhar Ahmed) say, that this hadith is also a refutation of Ashari/Jahmi belief who departed from the path of Salaf as Saalih. When we Salafis say that Allah speaks as it befits His Majesty but we do not know “how”, these Ashari and Jahmi comes up with  arguments  that “Speech is done only with  tongue  and lips” and therefore your (salafis) saying that Allah speaks  necessitates  that Allah too has tongue and lips (Astagfirullah).

 

We ask them regarding this hadith where Hell and Heaven dispute with each other by speaking to each other. Do you think it is done by tongue and lips? No. Its the power of Allah who can make speak anything just like our limbs will speak on the day of Judgement. And this is what Imam Nawawi (rahimahullah) said in his commentary.

 

Further readings about Ashari and Jahmi belief:

 

Paradise and Hell Have Already Been Created- Refuting belief of Mu’tazilah | Qaadariyyah | Jahmiyyah


 

At-Tahaawi said, in his book on al-‘Aqeedah al-Salafiyyah (correct belief in accordance with that of the early generations of Islaam) that is known as al-‘Aqeedah al-Tahhaawiyyah.

“Paradise and Hell have already been created. They will never come to an end or cease to exist. Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) created Paradise and Hell before the rest of creation, and He (subhanahu wa’tala) created inhabitants for each of them.

Whoever He (subhanahu wa’tala) wishes (will enter) Paradise by His grace and mercy, and whoever He (subhanahu wa’tala) wishes (will enter Hell) as a result of His (subhanahu wa’tala) justice.

Every person will behave according to that for which he was created, and his destiny will be that for which he was created; good deeds and evil deeds are foreordained for all men”.

 

Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Abul-‘Izz al-Hanafi remarked, in his commentary on this text:

“With regard to his saying that Paradise and Hell have already been created, Ahl as-Sunnah agree that Paradise and Hell have been created and are in existence at the present moment. Ahlus-Sunnah continued to hold this view, until some odd ideas of the Mu’tazilah and Qaadariyyah came along, which denied that. These groups said: “Allaah will create them (i.e. Paradise and Hell) on the Day of Resurrection.” They said this because of their false arguments by means of which they seek to improve regulations on what Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) should do; (they say) it befits Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) to do this, or it does not befit Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) to do that. They compare Him to His creation and their actions. This is a kind of anthropomorphism with regard to deeds; they have allowed the ideas of Jahmiyyah (a sect of Mu’tazilah named after the deviant, Jahm ibn Safwan) to creep into their thinking, and have become mu’attalah (those who deny that Allaah can see). They said, “It  does not make sense for Paradise to be created before the time of reward, because it will not be used or inhabited for a very long time. They rejected the aayaat and reports that contradict these false notions they seek to project onto Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala). They misinterpreted the texts and accused those who disagreed with them of going astray and concocting bid’ah”.

 

Proofs from the Qur’aan and Hadeeth in support of this are, for example:
“Race with one another in hastening towards forgiveness from your Lord, and Paradise the width whereof is as the width of the heaven and the earth, prepared for those who believe in Allaah and His Messengers. That is the Grace of Allaah, which He bestows on whom He is pleased with. And Allaah is the Owner of Great Bounty”. (57:21) “…

 

for Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for al-Muttaqun” (3:133)

 

“And fear the fire, which is prepared for the disbelievers” (3:131)
“And indeed he (Muhammad) saw him (Jibreel) at a second descent (ie another time), near Sidrat al-Muntahaa (lote tree of the utmost boundary (beyond which none can pass), near it is the Paradise of Abode” (53:13-15)
The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) saw Sidrat al-Muntahaa, a tree in Heaven, and near it, Paradise, as is mention in al-Bukhaari, and Muslim in the hadith of Anas (radiAllahu anhu). At the end of this narrative of al-Israa, the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Then Jibreel brought me to Sidrat al-Muntahaa which was veiled in colours indescribable. Then I entered Paradise, and its lights were of pearls and its soil was musk”.

 
Muslim, Abu Dawud and Imaam Ahmad report from Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) that the Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“When Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) created Paradise and Hell, He sent Jibreel to Paradise, saying “Go and look at it and at what I have prepared therein for its inhabitants”. So he went and looked at it and at what Allaah had prepared therein for its inhabitants…. then He sent him to Hellfire saying, “Go and look at it and what I have prepared therein for its inhabitants” So he looked at it and saw that it was in layers, one above the other….”

Muslim reports from Aishah (radiAllahu anhu) that there was a solar eclipse in the time of the Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and he said,

“Whilst I was standing here I saw everything that you have been promised, I even saw myself picking some of the fruits of Paradise, when you saw me stepping forward. And I saw Hellfire, parts of it consuming other parts, when you saw me stepping backward”.

al-Bukhaari and Muslim report from Ibn ‘Abbas the same incident,

“I saw Paradise and I tried to take a bunch of its fruit. If I had managed to do so, you would have eaten from it until the end of time. And I saw the Fire of Hell, and I have never seen anything so horrific or terrifying. I saw that the majority of its inhabitants are women.”

Muslim also reports from Anas that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, if you had seen what I saw, you would laugh little and cry much.” They said, “What did you see, O Messenger of Allaah?”, He said, “I saw Paradise and Hell”.

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) also ascended into jannah on the night of Mi’raj in his ‘Isra (night journey): for example –

* “…I saw four rivers flowing out from beneath Sidrat al-Muntahaa, two visible and two hidden.”

(Muslim, Kitaab al-Imaan, Baab al-‘Israa, 1/150, no.164)

* “Whilst I was walking in Paradise I saw a river whose banks were domes of hollow pearls and I asked, “What is this, O Jibreel?” He said,

“This is al-Kawthar which your Rabb has given to you”.

(from Anas ibn Maalik, Sahih al-Bukhaari, Kitaab ar-Riqaaq, Baab fil-Hawd, Fath al-Baari, 11/464)
* al-Bukhaari and Muslim report from Jaabir that the Messenger of Allaah said,

“I entered Paradise where I saw ar-Rumaysa, the wife of Abu Talhah. And I heard footsteps and asked, “Who is that?” He (Jibreel) said, “That is Bilaal”. And I saw a palace with women in its courtyard. I asked, “Whose is this?” They said, It is for ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab”

(Mishkaat al-Masaabih, 3/226)
Imaam Ahmed, Ibn Hibbaan and al-Haakim report from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“The children of the believers are in Paradise, being cared for by Ibraahim (alaihissalam)

[and in the narration of Abu Nu’aym, ad-Dawylami, and Ibn Asakir it adds- “and Sarah, until they give them back to their parents on the day of Resurrection”]

 
al-Bukhaari and Muslim also report from ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar (radiAllahu anhu) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“When anyone of you dies, he will be shown his position morning and evening. If he is one of the people of Paradise then he will be one of the people of Paradise, and if he is one of the people of Hell, then he will be one of the people of Hell, and he will be told, “This is your position, until Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) resurrects you on the Day of Resurrection”.

According to al-Muwatta of Imaam Maalik and as-Sunaan, Abu Dawood, “Ka’b ibn Maalik said the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“Verily the soul of the believer is a bird hanging on to the trees of Paradise, until Allaah Swt returns it to its body on the day of Resurrection”

This makes it clear that souls will enter Paradise before the Day of Resurrection.
As for the specious arguments of those who say that Hell has not been created yet, they say: If it was already created now, then it would of necessity have to come to an end of the Day of Resurrection and everyone in it would have to perish because Allaah says: “Everything will perish save His Face” (28:88) and “Everyone shall taste death..” (3:185) The response to this is: If you mean that Paradise does not exist until the Trumpet is blown and people are resurrected from their graves, then this is incorrect and is refuted by the evidence quoted above and other proofs which we have not mentioned here. If you mean that Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) has not yet completed the creation of everything that He will prepare for the inhabitants of Paradise and that He is still creating more and more things in it, and that when the believers enter Paradise, Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) will create even more things in it, then this is true and cannot be refuted, and the evidence that you give can only mean this, but when you use the aayah – “Everything will perish save His Face” – as evidence, your problem is that you misinterpret this aayah. Using it to prove that Paradise and Hell do not yet exist is like your colleagues using it to prove that they will both be destroyed and their inhabitants will all perish! You and your scholars did not understand the aayah properly; only the leaders (great scholars) of Islaam have understood it properly. They say that “everything” for which Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) has decreed destruction and oblivion “will perish” but Paradise and Hell have been created to last forever and never pass away, as has the Throne, which forms the roof of Paradise.

 
“It was suggested that it meant that everything would perish except His dominion, or whatever was done for His sake. Another suggestion was that when Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) revealed the word: “Whatever is on it will perish” – the angels said, “The people of earth are doomed”, and hoped that they would remain. Allaah said that the people of heaven and earth would perish and said, “And invoke not any other ilaah along with Allaah, Laa ilaaha illaa Huwaa. Everything will perish save His Face” (28:88) because He is the Living and does not die. The angels realise that they too were destined to die. Their words should be taken in the light of and reconciled with other clear and unambiguous reports that prove that both Paradise and Hell are eternal”.
(Sharh at-Tahaawiyyah, p.479, see also Siddeeq Hasan Khan, Yaqadhah ula al-‘i’tibaar, p. 37 and ‘Aqeedah as-Safarini 2/230)

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