Archive

Archive for the ‘Jannah (Paradise)’ Category

The Light of Paradise


 

Ibn Kathir in his commentary on the aayah:

And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening. Such is the Paradise, which We shall give as an inheritance to those of Our slave who have been al-Muttaqoon [pious and righteous]” [19:62-63] said,

“This means something approximate to the times of day and night, it does not mean that there will be a day and night there. They will know the passing of time by the changes in the light”

[Tafsir Ibn Kathir, 4/471]

 

al-Qurtubee said,

“The scholars said there is no night and day in Paradise, rather they will be in eternal everlasting light. They will know when night comes because curtains or screens will be put up and doors will be closed, and they will know when day comes because the curtains or screens will be taken down and the doors will be opened. This was mentioned by Abul-Faraj ibn al-Jawzee”

[al-Qurtubee, at-Tadhkirah, p. 504

 

On the same subject, Ibn Taymiyyah said,

“There is no sun and moon in Paradise, and no day or night, but they will know morning and evening from a light that shines from the direction of the Throne”

[Majmu’ Fataawa Shaikh al-Islaam, 4/312]

 

[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, pg 69]

 

Paradise: There is Nothing Like It


 

The delights of Paradise surpass the imagination and defy description. They are like nothing known to the people of this world; no matter how advanced we may become, what we achieve is as nothing in comparison with the joys of the Hereafter. As is mentioned in several reports, there is nothing like Paradise:

 

“It is sparkling light, aromatic plants, a lofty palace, a flowing river, ripe fruit, a beautiful wife and abundant clothing, in an eternal abode of radiant joy, in beautiful soundly-constructed high houses”.

[Ibn Maajah, as-Sunan, Kitaab az-Zuhd, Baab Sifaat al-Jannah, 2/1448, no. 4332. Ibn Hibbaan narrated it in his saheeh]

 

 

The Sahabah asked the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) about the buildings of Paradise and he replied with a wonderful description:

“Bricks of gold and silver, and mortar of fragrant musk, pebbles of pearl and sapphire, and soil of saffron. Whoever enters it is filled with joy and will never feel miserable; he will live there forever and never die; their clothes will never wear out and their youth will never fade.”

[Ahmad, at- Tirmidhi, ad-Daarimee, Mishkaat al-Masaabeeh, 3/29, sahih].

 

Allaah indeed spoke the truth when He  said:

“And when you look there [in Paradise] you will see a delight [that cannot be imagined]. and a great dominion”

[Quran 76:20]

 

What Allaah has kept hidden from us the delights of Paradise is beyond our ability to comprehend: al- Bukhaari reported from Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said that Allaah said,

“I have prepared for My slaves what no eye has seen, no ear has heard and no human heart can imagine”.

Recite if you wish,

“No person know what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do.”

(Quran 32:17).

 

In the version reported by Muslim from Abu Hurayrah, there is the addition,

“Never mind what Allaah has told you; what He has not told you is EVEN greater”.

 

[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, pg 58]

 

The First People to Enter Paradise


 

 

The first of mankind to enter Paradise will be our Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and the first nation to enter Paradise will be his ummah. The first member of this ummah to enter will be Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (radiAllahu anhu).

 

Ibn Katheer quotes a number of Hadith [an-Nihayah, 2/213] that state this such as the report of Muslim from Anas (radiAllahu anhu) according to which the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“I will be the first one to knock at the gates of Paradise”.

 

 

Muslim also reported from Anas that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“I will come to the gates of paradise and ask for it to be opened.

The gatekeeper will ask, “Who are you?”

I will say, “Muhammad”.

The gatekeeper will say, “I was ordered not to open the gate for anyone else before you””.

 

 

al-Bukhaari, Muslim and an-Nasaa’ee report from Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“We are the last, but we will be the first on the Day of Resurrection. We will be the first of mankind to enter Paradise”.

 

 

Abu Dawood reports from Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“Jibreel came to me, and showed me the gate of Paradise through which my ummah will enter”.

Abu Bakr said, “O Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), would that I had been with you to see it!”.

The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “But you, O Abu Bakr, will be the first of my ummah to enter Paradise”.

 

[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, pg 50]

 

From the chapter on ‘Paradise and Its People’: Tanbih Al-Ghafileen

August 20, 2013 5 comments

 

It was said:

“Verily, in Paradise there is a huri named Lu’bah. If she were to spit into the ocean, it would purify all of its water. On her chest, there is written: ‘Whoever desires to have someone like me, then let him busy himself with obeying my Lord.'”

 

It was said:

“The ground in Paradise is made of silver, its dust is made of musk, the trunks of its made of gold and silver, the branches of its trees are made of pearls and gems, with its leaves and fruits growing out from them. So, whoever eats standing will not be harmed, whoever eats sitting will not be harmed, and whoever eats laying down will not be harmed, as Allah says: {“...and the bunches of fruit thereof will hang low within their reach.”} [al-Insan; 14]

That is, these fruits will be within their reach whether they are standing, sitting, or laying down.”

 

It was said:

“By the One who revealed the Book upon Muhammad (peace be upon him), the people of Paradise will increase in beauty and goodness everyday, just as they used to increase in old age and weakness in the world everyday.”

 

It was said:

“In Paradise, if anyone desires the meat of a bird, he simply calls out for one and it comes down and lands on its side. He eats smoked meat from one side of it and roasted meat from the other,then it comes back to life again and flies away.”

 

It was narrated from one of those who would abstain from the worldly pleasures that he would eat herbs and salt without any bread, so it was said to him: “You limit yourself to this?!” The man replied:

“Yes, because I live my life for Paradise, and you live your life for the bathroom (meaning, you eat the best of foods and end up in the bathroom, while I eat simple foods in order to sustain my ability to worship, hoping to end up in Paradise).”

 

It was narrated that a man desired to enter the bathroom, so his companion prevented him from doing so and said to him: “You cannot enter without paying a fee.” So, the man cried out and said:

O Allah! He has prevented me from entering the abode of the devils without a price, so how can I expect to enter the abode of the prophets and the truthful without a price?”

 

It was said:

“If Paradise could not be attained by anyone except if they abandoned all that they loved from this worldly life, then this would be nothing in comparison to Paradise.

If one could not be saved from Hell except by experiencing every hardship possible, then this would be nothing in comparison to Hell.

So, how is it when you can enter Paradise by abandoning one fraction of athousand of the things you like, and you can be saved from Hell by experiencin one fraction of athousand of hardship?”

 

It was narrated:

Verily, a woman of this world – if she makes it to Paradise – will be more virtuous and preferred over the Hur al-‘Ayn because of her actions in this world.”

 

Dispute between the Hell and Jannah- Few beneficial points from Riyad us Saaliheen


 

Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (RadiAllahu anhu) reported: The Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

There was a dispute between the Hell and Jannah.

The Hell said: “The haughty and proud are my inmates.” Jannah said: “The modest and the humble are my residents”. Thereupon, Allah the Exalted and Glorious (addressing Jannah) said:
“You are My Mercy, through you I shall show mercy to those whom I wish”. (And addressing the Hell), He said: “You are (the means) of My punishment by which I shall punish such of My slaves as I wish and each one of you would have its fill”.

[Muslim].

 

Commentary:

1] In this Hadith people who are termed as `modest’ and `humble’ are the rich in Faith and piety. They lead a life of patience and contentment. This Hadith gives glad tidings to such noble people. On the contrary, it has a threat of Hell for those who disobey Divine injunctions and are haughty and proud. Now, it is entirely one’s own choice which way he goes.

 
2] The dialogue between Jannah and Hell quoted in this Hadith is not something impossible. It is not at all difficult for Allah to create in them such intelligence and consciousness which can enable them to make a discussion on the subjects mentioned in the Hadith. Thus, there is no need to offer any justification for the veracity of such Ahadith.

These should, therefore, be taken as literally correct. This Hadith is mentioned in detail in Musnad Ahmad and is narrated by Abu Hurairah (RadiAllahu anhu) at greater length than in the narration of Abu Sa`id Al- Khudri (radiAllahu anhu) quoted in Kitab-ut-Tafsir (the Book of Commentary) of Sahih Al-Bukhari.

[End quote from Riyad us Saaliheen]

 

 

I (Dr Iftakhar Ahmed) say, that this hadith is also a refutation of Ashari/Jahmi belief who departed from the path of Salaf as Saalih. When we Salafis say that Allah speaks as it befits His Majesty but we do not know “how”, these Ashari and Jahmi comes up with  arguments  that “Speech is done only with  tongue  and lips” and therefore your (salafis) saying that Allah speaks  necessitates  that Allah too has tongue and lips (Astagfirullah).

 

We ask them regarding this hadith where Hell and Heaven dispute with each other by speaking to each other. Do you think it is done by tongue and lips? No. Its the power of Allah who can make speak anything just like our limbs will speak on the day of Judgement. And this is what Imam Nawawi (rahimahullah) said in his commentary.

 

Further readings about Ashari and Jahmi belief:

 

Paradise and Hell Have Already Been Created- Refuting belief of Mu’tazilah | Qaadariyyah | Jahmiyyah


 

At-Tahaawi said, in his book on al-‘Aqeedah al-Salafiyyah (correct belief in accordance with that of the early generations of Islaam) that is known as al-‘Aqeedah al-Tahhaawiyyah.

“Paradise and Hell have already been created. They will never come to an end or cease to exist. Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) created Paradise and Hell before the rest of creation, and He (subhanahu wa’tala) created inhabitants for each of them.

Whoever He (subhanahu wa’tala) wishes (will enter) Paradise by His grace and mercy, and whoever He (subhanahu wa’tala) wishes (will enter Hell) as a result of His (subhanahu wa’tala) justice.

Every person will behave according to that for which he was created, and his destiny will be that for which he was created; good deeds and evil deeds are foreordained for all men”.

 

Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Abul-‘Izz al-Hanafi remarked, in his commentary on this text:

“With regard to his saying that Paradise and Hell have already been created, Ahl as-Sunnah agree that Paradise and Hell have been created and are in existence at the present moment. Ahlus-Sunnah continued to hold this view, until some odd ideas of the Mu’tazilah and Qaadariyyah came along, which denied that. These groups said: “Allaah will create them (i.e. Paradise and Hell) on the Day of Resurrection.” They said this because of their false arguments by means of which they seek to improve regulations on what Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) should do; (they say) it befits Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) to do this, or it does not befit Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) to do that. They compare Him to His creation and their actions. This is a kind of anthropomorphism with regard to deeds; they have allowed the ideas of Jahmiyyah (a sect of Mu’tazilah named after the deviant, Jahm ibn Safwan) to creep into their thinking, and have become mu’attalah (those who deny that Allaah can see). They said, “It  does not make sense for Paradise to be created before the time of reward, because it will not be used or inhabited for a very long time. They rejected the aayaat and reports that contradict these false notions they seek to project onto Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala). They misinterpreted the texts and accused those who disagreed with them of going astray and concocting bid’ah”.

 

Proofs from the Qur’aan and Hadeeth in support of this are, for example:
“Race with one another in hastening towards forgiveness from your Lord, and Paradise the width whereof is as the width of the heaven and the earth, prepared for those who believe in Allaah and His Messengers. That is the Grace of Allaah, which He bestows on whom He is pleased with. And Allaah is the Owner of Great Bounty”. (57:21) “…

 

for Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for al-Muttaqun” (3:133)

 

“And fear the fire, which is prepared for the disbelievers” (3:131)
“And indeed he (Muhammad) saw him (Jibreel) at a second descent (ie another time), near Sidrat al-Muntahaa (lote tree of the utmost boundary (beyond which none can pass), near it is the Paradise of Abode” (53:13-15)
The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) saw Sidrat al-Muntahaa, a tree in Heaven, and near it, Paradise, as is mention in al-Bukhaari, and Muslim in the hadith of Anas (radiAllahu anhu). At the end of this narrative of al-Israa, the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Then Jibreel brought me to Sidrat al-Muntahaa which was veiled in colours indescribable. Then I entered Paradise, and its lights were of pearls and its soil was musk”.

 
Muslim, Abu Dawud and Imaam Ahmad report from Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) that the Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“When Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) created Paradise and Hell, He sent Jibreel to Paradise, saying “Go and look at it and at what I have prepared therein for its inhabitants”. So he went and looked at it and at what Allaah had prepared therein for its inhabitants…. then He sent him to Hellfire saying, “Go and look at it and what I have prepared therein for its inhabitants” So he looked at it and saw that it was in layers, one above the other….”

Muslim reports from Aishah (radiAllahu anhu) that there was a solar eclipse in the time of the Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and he said,

“Whilst I was standing here I saw everything that you have been promised, I even saw myself picking some of the fruits of Paradise, when you saw me stepping forward. And I saw Hellfire, parts of it consuming other parts, when you saw me stepping backward”.

al-Bukhaari and Muslim report from Ibn ‘Abbas the same incident,

“I saw Paradise and I tried to take a bunch of its fruit. If I had managed to do so, you would have eaten from it until the end of time. And I saw the Fire of Hell, and I have never seen anything so horrific or terrifying. I saw that the majority of its inhabitants are women.”

Muslim also reports from Anas that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, if you had seen what I saw, you would laugh little and cry much.” They said, “What did you see, O Messenger of Allaah?”, He said, “I saw Paradise and Hell”.

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) also ascended into jannah on the night of Mi’raj in his ‘Isra (night journey): for example –

* “…I saw four rivers flowing out from beneath Sidrat al-Muntahaa, two visible and two hidden.”

(Muslim, Kitaab al-Imaan, Baab al-‘Israa, 1/150, no.164)

* “Whilst I was walking in Paradise I saw a river whose banks were domes of hollow pearls and I asked, “What is this, O Jibreel?” He said,

“This is al-Kawthar which your Rabb has given to you”.

(from Anas ibn Maalik, Sahih al-Bukhaari, Kitaab ar-Riqaaq, Baab fil-Hawd, Fath al-Baari, 11/464)
* al-Bukhaari and Muslim report from Jaabir that the Messenger of Allaah said,

“I entered Paradise where I saw ar-Rumaysa, the wife of Abu Talhah. And I heard footsteps and asked, “Who is that?” He (Jibreel) said, “That is Bilaal”. And I saw a palace with women in its courtyard. I asked, “Whose is this?” They said, It is for ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab”

(Mishkaat al-Masaabih, 3/226)
Imaam Ahmed, Ibn Hibbaan and al-Haakim report from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“The children of the believers are in Paradise, being cared for by Ibraahim (alaihissalam)

[and in the narration of Abu Nu’aym, ad-Dawylami, and Ibn Asakir it adds- “and Sarah, until they give them back to their parents on the day of Resurrection”]

 
al-Bukhaari and Muslim also report from ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar (radiAllahu anhu) that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“When anyone of you dies, he will be shown his position morning and evening. If he is one of the people of Paradise then he will be one of the people of Paradise, and if he is one of the people of Hell, then he will be one of the people of Hell, and he will be told, “This is your position, until Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) resurrects you on the Day of Resurrection”.

According to al-Muwatta of Imaam Maalik and as-Sunaan, Abu Dawood, “Ka’b ibn Maalik said the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“Verily the soul of the believer is a bird hanging on to the trees of Paradise, until Allaah Swt returns it to its body on the day of Resurrection”

This makes it clear that souls will enter Paradise before the Day of Resurrection.
As for the specious arguments of those who say that Hell has not been created yet, they say: If it was already created now, then it would of necessity have to come to an end of the Day of Resurrection and everyone in it would have to perish because Allaah says: “Everything will perish save His Face” (28:88) and “Everyone shall taste death..” (3:185) The response to this is: If you mean that Paradise does not exist until the Trumpet is blown and people are resurrected from their graves, then this is incorrect and is refuted by the evidence quoted above and other proofs which we have not mentioned here. If you mean that Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) has not yet completed the creation of everything that He will prepare for the inhabitants of Paradise and that He is still creating more and more things in it, and that when the believers enter Paradise, Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) will create even more things in it, then this is true and cannot be refuted, and the evidence that you give can only mean this, but when you use the aayah – “Everything will perish save His Face” – as evidence, your problem is that you misinterpret this aayah. Using it to prove that Paradise and Hell do not yet exist is like your colleagues using it to prove that they will both be destroyed and their inhabitants will all perish! You and your scholars did not understand the aayah properly; only the leaders (great scholars) of Islaam have understood it properly. They say that “everything” for which Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) has decreed destruction and oblivion “will perish” but Paradise and Hell have been created to last forever and never pass away, as has the Throne, which forms the roof of Paradise.

 
“It was suggested that it meant that everything would perish except His dominion, or whatever was done for His sake. Another suggestion was that when Allaah (subhanahu wa’tala) revealed the word: “Whatever is on it will perish” – the angels said, “The people of earth are doomed”, and hoped that they would remain. Allaah said that the people of heaven and earth would perish and said, “And invoke not any other ilaah along with Allaah, Laa ilaaha illaa Huwaa. Everything will perish save His Face” (28:88) because He is the Living and does not die. The angels realise that they too were destined to die. Their words should be taken in the light of and reconciled with other clear and unambiguous reports that prove that both Paradise and Hell are eternal”.
(Sharh at-Tahaawiyyah, p.479, see also Siddeeq Hasan Khan, Yaqadhah ula al-‘i’tibaar, p. 37 and ‘Aqeedah as-Safarini 2/230)

The Wishes of the People of Paradise and the laugh of Prophet


 

Some of the People of Paradise will wish for things that will be fulfilled in the strangest ways, unlike anything that happens in this world. The Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) told of some of these and how they will be fulfilled.

 

 
Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) said that the Prophet (sallallahu alahi wasallam) was speaking and a bedouin man was present. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“A man from the people of Paradise will ask his Rabb for permission to grow things.

 

Allaah will ask him, “Do you not have what you want?” He will say, “Of course, but I love to grow things.” So he will sow the seeds and in the blinking of an eye the plant will grow and its fruit will ripen and become like mountains.

 

Allaah (subhanahu watalala) will say, “Here it is. O son of Aadam nothing satisfies you!”

 

The Bedouin said, “By Allaah! you wont find him except he is from Quraysh or the Ansaar for these are the people that love to grow things. As for us, we don’t grow anything!”

The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) laughed.”

[Mishkaat al-Masaabeeh, 3/95, no. 5653]

 

%d bloggers like this: