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How should a person who suffers kidney failure fast?


 

The Standing Committee was asked:

Does kidney dialysis affect a person’s fast?

 

They replied:

We wrote to the Director of the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and the Director of the Armed Forces Hospital in Riyadh to find out more about what is involved in kidney dialysis and whether chemical substances are used, and whether it is regarded as a kind of nourishment.

 

They replied as follows: kidney dialysis involves taking the patient’s blood into a machine (an artificial kidney) which cleans it then returns it to the body. It also adds some chemical and nutrients such as sugars and salts etc. to the blood.

 

After studying the matter and discovering the nature of kidney dialysis with the help of some experts in the field, the Standing Committee issued a fatwa stating that kidney dialysis invalidates the fast. 

 

And Allaah is the Source of strength. May Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.

 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about a person who undergoes kidney dialysis – does having his blood removed during the procedure invalidate his wudoo’? How should he fast and pray whilst having dialysis done, if that coincides with the time of prayer?

 

He replied:

With regard to wudoo’, it does not invalidate wudoo’, because the correct scholarly view is that what comes out of the body does not invalidate wudoo’ unless it comes out of either the front or back passage. Whatever comes out of those two passages invalidates wudoo’, whether it is urine, stools or wind. Everything that comes out of the two passages invalidates wudoo’.

 

With regard to that which comes out of anywhere other than the two passages, such as a nosebleed that comes out of the nose, or blood that comes out of a wound, and so on, it does not invalidate wudoo’ whether in small or large quantities. Based on this, kidney dialysis does not invalidate wudoo’. 

 

With regard to prayer, the patient can join Zuhr and ‘Asr, and Maghrib and ‘Isha’. He can plan his schedule with his doctor, to make sure that the dialysis will not take more than half the day, so that he will not miss praying Zuhr and ‘Asr on time. He can say to him, for example: Schedule the dialysis in the early afternoon, giving me enough time to pray Zuhr and ‘Asr, or bring it forward so that I will be able to pray Zuhr and ‘Asr (afterwards), before the time for ‘Asr ends. What matters is that it is permissible to combine the prayers without delaying them. Based on this it is essential to plan one’s schedule with one’s doctor.

 

With regard to fasting, we are not sure about that. Sometimes I would say that it is not like cupping, because with cupping blood is taken and not returned to the body, and this invalidates the fast as it says in the hadeeth. In dialysis blood is taken from the body, cleaned and returned to the body. But I am concerned that dialysis involves some nutrients which take the place of food and drink. If that is the case then it does invalidate the fast. In that case if this is a lifelong condition with no hope of recovery, then he should feed one poor person for each day. But if it happens intermittently, then he should not fast when he is undergoing dialysis and make up that day later on.

But if the substances that are mixed with the blood do not include nutrients, rather they simply cleanse the blood, then this does not break the fast. In this case he may use dialysis even if he is fasting. He should refer to the doctors about this matter.

Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 20/113.

In conclusion:

A person who is suffering from kidney failure should not fast on the days when he has dialysis, then if he can make up the fast he should do so. If he cannot make up the fasts because he is elderly and cannot fast, then he should not fast and should feed one poor person for each day.

Source: Islamqa.com

 

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Advice of Ibn al Jawzi [rahimahullah] for us on this Ramadan


Ibn al Jawzi (rahimahullah):

“… Where are those who fast and where are those who pray by night? Where are those who obey their Lord and where are those who work righteousness? Where are those who are foremost and where are are the humble ones? Where are those who remember (their Lord) and where are those devoted to Him Where are the truthful and where are the patient? Where are the charity givers? Where are those who enjoin good, who save the troubled ones and who forbid the wrong? Where are those who heed contemplation and who listen to good advice and life-lessons? By Allah, they have indeed gone with the Salihin (righteous), returned with the Mu’minin (believers), settled with the Anbiya’ (Prophets) and taken residence with the Siddiqin (truthful ones). But us, we remain behind with the ignorant, have settled with the wrong doers and have taken the heedless as our guides…

Fasting is the shield of nations, protecting from the Hellfire
And fasting is a fortress for whoever fears that fire
Fasting is a covering for all the people of goodness
Those who fear the burden of blame and sinfulness
And this month is the month of the Lord of the Throne
A Most Merciful Lord, Who conceals the heavy sins & burdens
So therein have fasted men who thus profited
Their reward lies with the Exalted and Forgiving One
And so they came to settle in Everlasting Gardens
Surrounded by maidens, and rivers and plantations…

So glad tidings to those who obey the Most Merciful King in this month of Mercy, this month of Ramadan. They bore patience over a few days, and thus long-lasting mercy and abundant blessings came after them and pursued them. Every time you do good in this month, you shall be rewarded for the rest of your life because righteousness is a habit and evilness is mere stubbornness.

Where are you O’ fasting one, who prays by night? Come forth to goodness and you shall triumph with everlasting happiness! Trade with your Lord and you shall profit, work with Him and you shall be successful, apologise and He shall accept your apology, seek His forgiveness and He shall forgive your sins, draw close to Him and He shall alleviate your suffering, ask Him from His Bounties and He shall expand your provisions, repent to Him and He shall increase your portion (in life).

O my dear brother, in this month all faults and mistakes are concealed, all souls and hearts are softened, sins and burdens are forgiven, and Allah `azza wa jall relieves every sad and troubled one. He says to His angels, O My Angels, look at those dry tongues, how they become moist with My Remembrance. Look at those hard eyes, how they soften and weep out of fear of Me, and look at those delicate feet planted firmly at the stations of prayer out of desire for Me!’ O my dear brother, whenever you give food to others in this month for the Sake of Allah the Lord of the heavens and the earth, you shall be raised to high ranks in the lofty grounds of Paradise, and you will be clothed with complete goodness and stripped of all sin…”

[Ibn al-Jawzi, ‘Bustan al-Wa’idhin wa Riyadh al-Sami’in’ (pg. 185-186)]

 

Taken from another blog

 

 

‘Taqabbal Allahu minna wa minkum‘- Eid greeting.

August 20, 2012 3 comments

 

Allah says in the Qur’aan:

“When you are greeted with a greeting, greet back with better than it or return it. Lo! Allah takes count of all things.” [Surah an-Nisa v. 86]

 

 

It is permissible for Muslims to greet each other on the day of Eid with specific greetings that have been reported from the sahabah (radiAllahu anhum ajmaeen) and from amongst the Salafus-saliheen.

 

 

Responding to a question in this regard, Shaykh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) said:

“As for people greeting each other after the eid prayer by, ‘Taqabal Allahu minna wa minkum‘ (may Allah accept it from you and us) – it is reported that some of the shahabah practiced it, and the scholars permitted it. However, Ahmad said, ‘I do not initiate saying it to anyone; but if one says it to me, I answer him. This is because responding to a greeting is obligatory, but to initiate the greeting is not a required sunnah, neither is it prohibited: whoever does it it would have an example (from the salaf) and whoever does not would have a predecessor as well.”

[Majmoo al-Fataawaa (24/253)]

 

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr Al-Asqalani (rahimahullah) said:

“We have related in “Mahaamiliyaat” with a chain of narration that is hasan, from Jabyr ibn Nufayr who said: ‘When the companions of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa salaam) met on the day of ‘eid, they would say to each other, ‘Taqabbal Allahu minna wa minkum (may Allah accept from you and us ).”

[Al Mahamiliyyat; hasan isnad; see Fath ul Bari 2:446]

 

 

Ibn Qudaamah mentioned in al-Mughnee (2/259) that Muhammad ibn Ziyad said: I was with Abu Umamah al Bahili (rahimahullah) and some other companions of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa salaam).

When they returned from the eid, they said to each other, ‘Taqabbalallahu minna wa minkum (May Allaah accept it from you and us).”

 

The Ruling Concerning the One With Food in his Mouth when the Time of Fajr Comes in.

September 21, 2011 Leave a comment

 

Muhammad Nasir- Deen Al-Albaani (d.1420A.H) -Rahimullaah- said:

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

If one of you hears the call to prayer and the vessel is still in his hand, then he should not put it down until he has taken his need from it.’

[Collected by Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Hakim and he authenticated it, and Dhahabi agreed with him.

 

This is evidence that if a person has the vessel of food or drink in is hand, and Fajr time comes up, then it is permissible for him to take what he needs to from that food and drink. This situation is exempt from the Ayaah: < And eat and drink until the white thread of dawn becomes distinct to you from the black thread [of night] > [2:187]

 

Therefore, there is no conflict between this Ayaah and the meaning of those types of Ahadeeth and between this hadeeth. There is no consensus to oppose this issue rather, a group from the Companions and other than them, are more towards the majority which is the benefit that can be derived from this hadeeth. That is the permissibility of eating food and drink until the Fajr time becomes clear, and the whiteness starts to spread in the pathways.

 

And indeed from the benefits of this hadeeth is the invalidity of the Bida’ (innovation) of withholding from eating and drinking before Fajr by about quarter of an hour. There are people who do this, fearing they will catch the Adhan of Fajr while they are in Suhoor (eating and drinking before Fajr with the intention of fasting).

If they had known this concession, they would not have fallen in to this Bida’, so reflect.’

[From: ‘Tamam al-Mina fee Taleeq ala Fiqh-us-Sunnah’ p.417]

 

 

Is saying “Ramadan Mubarak” considered to be bidah?

September 17, 2011 Leave a comment

 

Praise be to Allaah.

 
There is nothing wrong with congratulating one another at the beginning of the month. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to tell his Companions the good news of the onset of Ramadaan, and urge them to make the most of it.

 

Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said:

“The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said,

‘There has come to you Ramadaan, a blessed month. Allaah has made it obligatory on you to fast (this month). During it the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of Hell are locked, and the devils are chained up. In it there is a night that is better than a thousand months, and whoever is deprived of its goodness is deprived indeed.’”

(Reported by al-Nisaa’i, 4/129; Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1/490)
And Allaah knows best.

[Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid]

 

 

By Shaikh Abdullah Nasir al-Sulami, professor at the Higher Juridical institute.

 

The preferable opinion in this regard is to say that salutations among Muslims for `Id and Ramadan do not come under the category of worship but under that of general customs. this was the opinion of late Sheikh `Abd al-Rahmân b. Sa`dî. 

Sheikh Ibn Bâz went further and said that it is a preferable practice and cites a hadîth that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Ramadan is approaching you. It is a blessed (mubârak) month”. It was narrated in this context by al-Tirmidhî and Ahmad from the hadîth of Abû Hurayrah. The hadîth itself is actually in the form of a salutation. This hadîth, however, is weak. 

Nevertheless, we could say that offering salutations to others is permissible even if there is no authentic hadîth from the Prophet (peace be upon him), because the one who does this is merely offering a short supplication for his fellow Muslim. 

It is authenticated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) congratulated Ka`b b. Mâlik for Allah accepting his repentance. This would prove that it is alright to congratulate someone who gets something good. The Prophet (peace be upon him) congratulated Ka`b b. Mâlik by saying “Be happy with Allah’s acceptance of your repentance.” 

The arrival of the month of Ramadan is a cause of great happiness for Muslims and an occasion for salutations to be exchanged. 

And Allah knows best.

 

 

 

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