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How should a person who suffers kidney failure fast?

June 18, 2015 Leave a comment

 

The Standing Committee was asked:

Does kidney dialysis affect a person’s fast?

 

They replied:

We wrote to the Director of the King Faisal Specialist Hospital and the Director of the Armed Forces Hospital in Riyadh to find out more about what is involved in kidney dialysis and whether chemical substances are used, and whether it is regarded as a kind of nourishment.

 

They replied as follows: kidney dialysis involves taking the patient’s blood into a machine (an artificial kidney) which cleans it then returns it to the body. It also adds some chemical and nutrients such as sugars and salts etc. to the blood.

 

After studying the matter and discovering the nature of kidney dialysis with the help of some experts in the field, the Standing Committee issued a fatwa stating that kidney dialysis invalidates the fast. 

 

And Allaah is the Source of strength. May Allah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions.

 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked about a person who undergoes kidney dialysis – does having his blood removed during the procedure invalidate his wudoo’? How should he fast and pray whilst having dialysis done, if that coincides with the time of prayer?

 

He replied:

With regard to wudoo’, it does not invalidate wudoo’, because the correct scholarly view is that what comes out of the body does not invalidate wudoo’ unless it comes out of either the front or back passage. Whatever comes out of those two passages invalidates wudoo’, whether it is urine, stools or wind. Everything that comes out of the two passages invalidates wudoo’.

 

With regard to that which comes out of anywhere other than the two passages, such as a nosebleed that comes out of the nose, or blood that comes out of a wound, and so on, it does not invalidate wudoo’ whether in small or large quantities. Based on this, kidney dialysis does not invalidate wudoo’. 

 

With regard to prayer, the patient can join Zuhr and ‘Asr, and Maghrib and ‘Isha’. He can plan his schedule with his doctor, to make sure that the dialysis will not take more than half the day, so that he will not miss praying Zuhr and ‘Asr on time. He can say to him, for example: Schedule the dialysis in the early afternoon, giving me enough time to pray Zuhr and ‘Asr, or bring it forward so that I will be able to pray Zuhr and ‘Asr (afterwards), before the time for ‘Asr ends. What matters is that it is permissible to combine the prayers without delaying them. Based on this it is essential to plan one’s schedule with one’s doctor.

 

With regard to fasting, we are not sure about that. Sometimes I would say that it is not like cupping, because with cupping blood is taken and not returned to the body, and this invalidates the fast as it says in the hadeeth. In dialysis blood is taken from the body, cleaned and returned to the body. But I am concerned that dialysis involves some nutrients which take the place of food and drink. If that is the case then it does invalidate the fast. In that case if this is a lifelong condition with no hope of recovery, then he should feed one poor person for each day. But if it happens intermittently, then he should not fast when he is undergoing dialysis and make up that day later on.

But if the substances that are mixed with the blood do not include nutrients, rather they simply cleanse the blood, then this does not break the fast. In this case he may use dialysis even if he is fasting. He should refer to the doctors about this matter.

Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 20/113.

In conclusion:

A person who is suffering from kidney failure should not fast on the days when he has dialysis, then if he can make up the fast he should do so. If he cannot make up the fasts because he is elderly and cannot fast, then he should not fast and should feed one poor person for each day.

Source: Islamqa.com

 

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Hijrah: Linguistic and Islāmic Definitions

April 7, 2014 Leave a comment

 

As for its linguistic meaning, it is written in ‘Lisān al‐‘Arab,’ of Ibn Mandhūr, as well as ‘Tāj al‐‘Arūs,’ of az‐Zubaydī, that the root word ‘hajara’ is the opposite of ‘connection,’ and it means to severe ties with something, and the word ‘hijrah’ is in the hadīth:

Abandonment (hijrah) of someone beyond three days is not allowed.”

[Ahmad (8960) and Muslim (2562)]

 

 
As for it’s meaning in the Sharī’ah, then, in short: it is to leave Dār al‐Harb for Dār al‐Islām, as Ibn al‐‘Arabī (may Allāh have Mercy upon him) said in ‘Ahkām al‐ Qur’ān.’

 
In ‘al‐Mughnī,’ Ibn Qudāmah al‐Maqdisī said:

“It is to leave Dār al‐Kufr for Dār al‐ Islām.”

 
Sa’d bin ‘Atīq (may Allāh have Mercy upon him) said, in ‘ad‐Durar as‐Saniyyah’:

“It is to relocate oneself from the places of polytheism and disobedience to the places of Islām and obedience.”

 

 

Fataawaa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 12/50

Hijrah (migration) for the sake of Allaah means moving from the land of shirk to the land of Islam, as the Muslims moved from Makkah – before its people became Muslim – to Madeenah, because it had become the city of Islam after its people had pledged their allegiance (bay’ah) to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and asked him to make hijrah to them.

 

So Hijrah means migrating to join other Muslims. Hijrah may also take the form of moving from one land of shirk to another land of shirk where evil is less prevalent and there is less danger to the Muslims, as when some of the Muslims migrated from Makkah, at the command of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), to Abyssinia (Ethiopia).

And Allaah is the Source of Strength. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions, and grant them peace.

Ruqyas vs. Trust in Allah

March 6, 2014 Leave a comment

 

Question:

Does treatment with Ruqyas contradict trusting in Allah?

 

Answer:

To trust in Allah means to truthfully rely on Him believing that He is the only One Who can bring about benefit and prevent harm and to, simultaneously, take the necessary measures commanded by Him. To rely on Allah without taking the necessary steps is to undermine His Wisdom, for He linked effects to causes.

 

In this regard a question arises: who is the person that relies most of all on Allah? The answer to the question is Allah‘s Messenger [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] . He [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] used to take the measures necessary for avoiding harm. Preparing for war, he put his shield on to protect himself from arrows. In the Battle of Uhud he had two shields on in expectation of what was to come.

 

 

Thus, taking precautionary measures does not contradict trusting in Allah if one believes that such measures are effective only with His permission. Accordingly, one‘s recitation unto oneself or unto patients does not contradict trust in Allah. The Prophet himself used to perform Ruqya unto himself with AlFalaq and Annas Suras, and he used to do recitations unto his companions when they fell ill.

 

[Ifta‘ Permanent Committee, Fatwas on Treatment Using the Qur‘an and the Sunnah, Ruqyas and Related Issues, by Ibn-Baz and Ibn-Uthaimeen, pp.15.]

The means used by the West to promote their ideas

March 1, 2014 Leave a comment

 

1– Trying to take over the minds of young Muslims and implant the Western concepts in their minds to think that the best way is that of the West in everything; in thought, religion and beliefs, or even the languages they speak, the morals they adopt, or their customs and ways.

 

2– Caring for a wide range of Muslims in every country and educating them until they return to their countries after being imbibed with Western ideas, the West surrounds them with an aura of great praise and commendation so as to enable them to receive leadership positions in their countries. This way they propagate Western ideas and establish educational institutions complying with the western curriculum or subject to it.

 

3Their efforts to teach Western languages in Islamic countries and make their language compete with that of the Muslims, especially the Arabic language that is the language of the Noble Qur’an, the language with which Allah sent down His Book, and that with which Muslims worship their Lord in Salah (Prayer), Hajj, Dhikr (Remembrance of Allah), and other acts. Their methods include supporting the destructive calls fighting the Arabic language and trying to weaken the Muslims holding fast to it in the lands of Islam through the invitation to adopt slang language, and carry out many studies designed to develop and spoil grammar, and the glorification of the so-called folklore and national heritage.

 

4– Establishment of Western universities, missionary schools, nurseries, kindergartens, hospitals and clinics in Muslim countries and making them nests for their bad purposes and encouraging the high class members of the society to study at these institutions and helping them, after that, to take over leadership and senior positions so as to make them helpful to their teachers in achieving their goals in Muslim countries.

 

5Trying to control the curriculum in the Muslim world and shape its policy, either directly, as what has happened in some Muslim countries when Dunlop, a priest, undertook that task, or indirectly such as when the task is fulfilled by successful students who have studied and graduated from Dunlop schools, where most of them have become a destructive element in their countries and the ultimate weapon of the enemy through working hard to make education take a secular trend and not be founded on belief in Allah and His Messenger, but to make it proceed towards atheism and call for corruption.

 

6- Large numbers of the Christians and Jews undertook studying Islam and the Arabic language, and compile books and taught at universities, which resulted in their producing great intellectual dissension among the intelligentsia of Muslims through the doubtful matters they present to their students or with which their books – that are widely spread in Muslim countries – are filled. Some of those books even became references referred to by some writers and researchers in intellectual or historical matters. Those Orientalists taught Muslim men who graduated and had a large share in causing the great sedition, where they were helped by the praise and admiration they met everywhere as well as their important positions in education, direction and leadership, where they completed what their teachers had begun and achieved what they failed to do, thanks to their being Muslims and natives of Muslim countries, to which they belong and whose language they speak. Allah is the One sought for help.

 

7Large numbers of Christian missionaries preach Christianity among Muslims. They fulfill such a mission depending on studied foundations and through large means, where hundreds of thousands of men and women have been recruited and the largest budgets have been set, and ways are facilitated before them, and obstacles have been removed. [They intend to put out the Light of Allâh (i.e. the Religion of Islâm, this Qur’ân, and the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) with their mouths. But Allâh will bring His Light to perfection even though the disbelievers hate (it).] 61:8

 

While this effort mostly targets common people, the efforts of Orientalism targets the intellectuals as mentioned earlier. They bear difficulties to achieve this work in Africa and the remote Muslim territories in East Asia and elsewhere. Every now and then they meet at conferences to review their assessments and consider their plans to make corrections and adjustments and innovate new methods. They met in Cairo in 1906, in Edinburgh in 1910, inLucknow in 1911, in Al-Quds in 1935, and in Al-Quds again in 1935. They are still holding meetings and conferences. Glory be to Him in Whose Hand is the sovereignty of everything and to Him return all affairs (for decision).

 

 

8They are also calling for corrupting Muslim community and making women reluctant to undertake their role in life and ready to trespass the limits that Allah set for their happiness and integrity. In their way to achieve this, the Western spread among Muslims their calls through different ways until women mix with men and have the same jobs as men. Their aim behind that is to corrupt the Muslim society, eliminate the purity and chastity it enjoys, and to establish fake issues and false claims that women in the Muslim society have been wronged, and that they have the right to such and such matters, while their real aim is to make women leave their home and imitate them. Yet the boundaries set for them by Allah are clear and His Orders are explicit and also the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him) is crystal clear. Allah (Exalted and Glorified be He) says: [O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allâh is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 33:59  And: […and to draw their veils all over Juyûbihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husband’s fathers, or their sons, or their husband’s sons] 24:31 And: [And when you ask (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen: that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts. And: And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance] 33:33

 

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

 [Beware of visiting women.’ A man of Al-Ansar said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, what about the in-laws of the woman?’ He (peace be upon him) said, ‘The in-law is death (i.e. the fear in his case is greater and the temptation is greater).’ He (peace be upon him) also said, ‘There is absolutely no man who stays in seclusion with a woman except that the devil is their third companion.’]

Al-Bukhari, Sahih, Book on marriage, no. 5232; Muslim, Sahih, Book on greetings, no. 2172; Al-Tirmidhy, Sunan, Book on Breastfeeding, no. 1171; Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 4, p. 149; and Al-Darimy, Sunan, Book on asking permission, no. 2642.

 

 

9The establishment of churches and temples in large numbers in Muslim countries and spending large sums of money on them, decorating and making them prominent and clear, and establishing them in the best places and the biggest squares.

 

10– Allocation of information-oriented radios calling to Christianity and communism, commending their objectives, and misleading through their ideas the naive Muslims who do not understand Islam nor have adequate knowledge about it due to their upbringing, especially in Africa, where this is accompanied by a lot of copies of the Bible being printed and distributed in hotels and other places as well as sending missionary bulletins and false invitations to many of the Muslims.

These are some methods which are used by the enemies of Islam in the East and West, for the invasion of the minds of Muslims and eliminating the sound and good ideas to be replaced with other strange ideas of the east or the west, which as you can see, reader, are immense efforts, huge money, and great numbers of soldiers. The aim behind all this is to make Muslims leave Islam, even if they do not embrace Christianity, Judaism, or Marxism. The (Western) people believe that the main mission behind this is to make Muslims discard Islam, and that if they could reach this point, then the next is easy and affordable.

 

[Source: alifta.net]

What is the validity of doing Nafth unto water?

February 9, 2014 Leave a comment

 

[Nafth =puffing out breath with little saliva]

 

Question:

What is the validity of doing Nafth unto water?

 

Answer:

There are two types of Nafth.

One type is intended to seek the blessing of the one who does Nafth. This is definitely forbidden as a type of Shirk, for one‘s saliva is not a source of blessing. In fact, blessing is not to be sought in anybody‘s traces except in Prophet Muhammad‘s. It was true in his lifetime, and is still true on condition that his traces are there. Um-Salama kept some hair of the Prophet‘s in a silver container, and when a patient asked her for treatment, she washed the hair with water which was given to the patient to drink.

Except for the Prophet‘s case, no blessing is to be sought through anybody‘s saliva, sweat, garment, etc. Therefore, Nafth on water is considered a type of Shirk if the  aim is to get the blessing of the Raqi‘s saliva, for if one attributes I causes to other than Allah, it is considered a type of Shirk.

 

 

In the other type of Nafth, the Raqi does Nafth on a container of water on which Qur‘anic recitations were done. For example, Al-Fatiha — what a great cure Al-Fattha is – can be recited, and then Nafth can be done. This type of Ruqya was done by some Salaf, and it has proved effective by Allah‘s permission. When the Prophet went to bed, he used to recite Al Ikhlaas, AlFalaq and Aimas Suras, and to do Nafth into his own palms, which he passed over his face and over whatever parts of his body his palms would reach.

 

[Ifta‘ Permanent Committee, Fatwas on Treatment Using the Qur‘an and the Sunnah, Ruqyas and Related Issues, by Ibn-Baz and Ibn-Uthaimeen, pp.9-10]

 

Inquiring if One’s Daughter-in-Law Is a Foe

January 18, 2014 Leave a comment

Question:

A patient consults a person about his illness. The person tells him that he is under the effect of magic. The patient asks him to remove the magic. The person pours lead on the patient‘s head in a container of water and tells him the name of the person who bewitched him. that someone has bewitched him. Is a Muslim allowed to do that?

Is it allowed for a mother to inquire about who her future daughter-in-law will be, or to inquire if her present daughter-in- law loves or hates her in-laws?

 

Answer:

On the one hand, a Muslim is allowed to seek treatment with medical practitioners and specialists; they diagnose his illness and prescribe suitable medications in accordance with the rules of medicine. This is part of taking the measures usually required in typical cases, for Allah has created cures for all diseases. Some people can discover those cures, whereas others cannot. However, prescribed medications must not be forbidden materials.

 

 

On the other hand, Muslims must not deal with soothsayers, who claim knowledge of the unseen, from which they claim to get information about illnesses. Muslims must not believe what a soothsayer tells them, for either it is all unfounded guesswork, or he invokes the Jinn to help achieve what he wants. A soothsayer‘s work is an act of Kufr (disbelief), and to seek his help is an act of Shirk.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم says, ―

If one visits a soothsayer and inquires about something, his prayers will not be accepted for forty days.

He also says, ―

Whoever consults a soothsayer and believes what he tells him disbelieves in what has been revealed to Muhammad.‖

 

 

A Muslim must not accept such prescriptions as pouring lead on one‘s head, etc., for they belong to witchcraft. If he accepts, he will be supporting their witchcraft and invocation of devils.

 

 

Inquiring of a soothsayer about the identity of one‘s future daughter-in-law is not allowed, neither is the inquiry whether there will be love or hatred, harmony or disharmony between the spouses and their families. Such knowledge belongs to the unseen, which is known only to Allah.

[Ifta’a Permanent Committee, Islamic Research Journal, Issue 19, p. 162-163.]

Evocation of the Jinn to Bring Out Hidden Treasures

December 16, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Question: There are those who evoke the Jinn by means of mysterious magical sayings in order to get them to bring out treasures hidden in the village for a long time. What is the ruling on such practice?

 

Answer:

This practice is not allowed, for the magical words with which they evoke and employ the Jinn are often not void of Shirk. To show how serious it is, Allah says, “…Lo! Whose ascribeth  partners unto Allah, for him Allah hath forbidden Paradise. His abode is the Fire. For evildoers there will be no helpers.” [Maida Sura, Ayah 72]

Dealing with those people tempts as well as makes them conceited. They are conceited to believe in themselves as being right in what they are doing. They are tempted as a result of the amount of money they get. Therefore, they must be boycotted, and Muslims must be alerted to their reality and advised not to deal with them.

Those people are most probably charlatans who want to deceive people and take their money unlawfully. They make haphazard guesses, which my coincide with Allah’s destiny; if this happens, they spread the news of their claimed success. If their guesses do not materialize, they make up all sorts of excuses.

My advice to such people who have been involved in this evil affair is: beware lying to people and taking their money unlawfully and beware Shirk. Life on earth does not last long, and on Justice Day judgment is tough. You have no choice but to repent and beg Allah to forgive you for what you have been doing. You have to correct your acts and purify your wealth; success is only with Allah.

[Ifta’a Permanent Committee, Fatwas on Treatment Using the Qur’an and the Sunnah, Ruqyas and Related Issues, by Ibn-Baz and Ibn-Uthaimeen, p. 70-71]

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