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Imam Shaybani’s first encounter with Imam Malik [rahimahullah]


 

When the young Iraqi jurist, Imam Shaybani [Muhammed Ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani], visited Madina for the first time, he went incognito to the circle of Imam Malik and inquired:

“What is your opinion about a person who is in need of major ablution (ghusl) and who comes to a mosque and finds that the water for ablution is available only in the mosque where a congregational prayer is already in progress?”

Imam Malik replied: “A person who is in need of major ablution cannot enter mosque.”

 

The young stranger repeated the question several times only to receive the same answer from Imam Malik. Noticing that the young man was not satisfied with the answer, the teacher asked: “What, then, is your opinion?”

“He should make tayammum, enter the mosque, obtain water and make ablution to join the prayer”, came the prompt answer.

 

Astonished with the clarity and presence of mind of the young visitor, Imam Malik asked: “Where are you from?” “From here,” (pointing to the earth) was the answer.

 

When he left the company, Imam Malik asked his colleagues as to who the visitor was. When he was told that he was a young disciple of Abu Hanifah from Iraq, he wondered: “But he told me he was from here!” When it was explained to him that while saying so he had pointed to the earth, Imam Malik observed that his second answer was even more astonishing and intelligent.

[Al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi, Tareekh Baghdad (Cairo, 1931), vol. II, pp. 174-175]

 

Benefits:

  • Everything is not known to anyone except to Allah: No matter how knowledgeable one is, it is always possible that he might not know what other knows even those with lesser knowledge.

 

  • Manners: Imam Malik did not show his anger to this stranger even though he repeated his question several times.

 

  • Respect: Imam Malik did not become angry on being told different answer to his by al-Shaybani. He did not say: “How dare he to ask me?” “Who is he to question my knowledge?” since I am the Imam of Madina etc. etc. Rather he respected his knowledge and admired it.

 

 

  • Travelling to learn knowledge: Scholars of past used to travel to different parts of world to gain knowledge. Even Musa [alaihi salam] travelled to meet Khidr to gain knowledge from him bestowed on him by Allah.

 

[Benefits by Dr. Iftakhar Ahmed]

 

Position of the Scholars on beard

November 2, 2015 1 comment

 

All the ‘ulama’ (scholars) of as-Salaf us-Salih (the Righteous early Muslims), including the Four Imams, agree that shaving the beard is haram (prohibited). They consider shaving it an impermissible mutilation, as has been reported from Umar Bin Abdul Aziz – [At-Tarikh by Ibn Asakir].

They considered the man who shaved his beard effeminate. Many of them would not accept his testimony or allow him to lead the prayers.

 

THE HANAFIS

According to the Hanafis:

“It is prohibited for a man to cut his beard … as for cutting it shorter than a fist-length – as is done by some people from the west and by the effeminate men – no one permits this. And as for shaving it completely, it is the doing of the Indian Jews and the Persian Magians” [Persian Magians-Followers of an old religion, possibly the same as the “Zoroastrians”]

[Ad-Durr ul-Mukhtar].

 

Ibn-Abidayn said:

“It is prohibited for a man to cut his beard.”

(Radd ul-Muhtar [2:418])

 

THE MALIKIS

According to the Malikis:

“Shaving the beard is prohibited, as is cutting it if it causes a (clear) mutilation. But if it becomes oversized, and if cutting it would not appear as a mutilation, then it may be cut; but that would be disliked and contrary to that which is better.”

[Sharh ur-Risalah by Abu al-Hasan, and the commentary on it by al-Adwi]

 

 

Al-`Adwi said:

“It has been reported from Malik that he hated shaving anything under the jaws, until he said, ‘It is from the doing of the Magians.’ And it is prohibited to remove the hair of the beard.”

 

[Sharh ur-Risalah by Abu al-Hasan, and the commentary on it by al-Adwi (2:411)]

 

Ibn Abd al-Barr said:

“It is prohibited to shave the beard, and it is not done except by effeminate men.”

 

[At-Tamhid]

 

THE SHAFI’IS

As for the Shafi’is, al-Imam ash-Shafi’i has expressed that it is prohibited to shave the beard

[al-Umm].

 

Also, al-Athru’i said,

“The correct position is that it is prohibited to totally shave the beard without a (medical) problem with it.”

[Sharh ul-Ubab].

 

 

THE HANBALIS

The Hanbali’s agree without exception that it is prohibited to shave the beard.

[Al-Insaf, Sharh ul-Muntaha, etc.].

 

Ibn Taymiyyah stated:

“It is prohibited to shave the beard.”

 [Al-Ikhtiyarat ul-Ilmiyyah (p.6)]

 

As-Saffarini said:

“It is agreed in our mathhab that it is prohibited to shave the beard.”

[Ghitha ul-Albab (1:376)].

 

IBN HAZM

Ibn Hazm al-Andalusi said:

“All of the scholars agree that shaving the beard is a form of mutilation, and is prohibited.”

[Maratib ul-Ijma’ (p.157), and al-Muhalla (2:189)]

 

 

IBN TAYMIYYAH

Shaykh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“Because of the authentic hadiths, it is prohibited to shave the beard, and no one has ever permitted it.”

 

[From the book: The beard betwee Salaf and Khalaf, page 2-4 by Sh. Muhammed al-Jibaly]

 

 

 

The Light of Paradise


 

Ibn Kathir in his commentary on the aayah:

And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening. Such is the Paradise, which We shall give as an inheritance to those of Our slave who have been al-Muttaqoon [pious and righteous]” [19:62-63] said,

“This means something approximate to the times of day and night, it does not mean that there will be a day and night there. They will know the passing of time by the changes in the light”

[Tafsir Ibn Kathir, 4/471]

 

al-Qurtubee said,

“The scholars said there is no night and day in Paradise, rather they will be in eternal everlasting light. They will know when night comes because curtains or screens will be put up and doors will be closed, and they will know when day comes because the curtains or screens will be taken down and the doors will be opened. This was mentioned by Abul-Faraj ibn al-Jawzee”

[al-Qurtubee, at-Tadhkirah, p. 504

 

On the same subject, Ibn Taymiyyah said,

“There is no sun and moon in Paradise, and no day or night, but they will know morning and evening from a light that shines from the direction of the Throne”

[Majmu’ Fataawa Shaikh al-Islaam, 4/312]

 

[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, pg 69]

 

Do not belittle sins- Sh. Salih al-Munajjid

September 19, 2015 Leave a comment

 

Through belittling sins, many people fall into disobedience. They may be of the opinion that minor sins, being minor, will not result in any punishment, and possibly aren’t sins at all, and this is not the opinion held by people of faith.

 

Ibn Mas`ood, [may Allah be pleased with him], said:

“The believer views their sins as a mountain at whose trough they sit, all the time fearing its collapse onto them. The sinner views their sins like a fly that passes by their nose, and they do like so with their hand.” He then swatted with his hand.

[Reported by Al-Bukhaari (6308)]

donot-sin

Also, Allah the Exalted Says (what means):

“O you who have believed, fear Allaah as He should be feared” [Quran 3:102]

Meaning, true Taqwaa is not avoiding ending up in Hellfire by avoiding major sins only, but avoiding minor sins also, and everything that has the potential to lead a person to Hellfire. The way to do so is to place between yourself and Hellfire a protective fort built on actions of obedience.

 

Minor sins pose a great danger, and the master and chief of the Messengers warned from them, as `Abdullaah ibn Mas`ood [may Allah be pleased with him], reported, that Allah’s Messenger [ﷺ] said:

“Beware of belittled sins, because they gather on a person until they destroy him.” The Messenger of Allah [ﷺ] set a parable for this by a group of people who set camp in an area, and each of the persons goes in search of a branch and comes back with one. Eventually, a great bundle of wood is collected. It is then set on fire and food is cooked over it.

[Reported by Ahmad (22302) and Al-Haithami said in Majma` Az Zawaa’id, “Its narrators are those found in the Saheeh collections]

 

[From the book: Piety, of Sh. Salih al-Munajjid, page 20-21]

 

Expel effeminate men from your homes.

August 5, 2015 1 comment

 

Al-Bukhari, may Allaah have mercy on him, narrated in his Saheeh, in a chapter on expelling men who imitate women from homes, the Hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, who said:

“The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, cursed men who imitate women and women who imitate men, and said: ‘Expel them from your homes.’ The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, expelled so and so [a man]. And ‘Umar expelled so and so [a woman].”

(Reported by Al-Bukhari in Kitab al-Libas, chapter 62, Fath Al-Bari, 10/333)

 

Then Al-Bukhari, may Allah have mercy on him, quoted the Hadeeth of Umm Salamah, may Allah be pleased with her, which he narrated under the title “What is forbidden of men who imitate women entering upon women”:

“From Umm Salamah, may Allah be pleased with her, who said that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was in her house, where there was also an effeminate man, who told her brother ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Umayyah:

‘If Allaah wills that you conquer at-Taa’if tomorrow, I will show you the daughter of Ghaylaan; she has four folds of fat in front and eight behind.’ The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: ‘This person should not enter upon you.'”

(Reported by Al-Bukhari, chapter 113, Fat-h Al-Bari, 9/333)

 

An effeminate man, or Mukhannath, is defined as a man who may resemble women physically, or through imitation of their movements and speech, and so on.

 

If it is physical i.e. this is the way that he was made, then there is no blame on him, but he must try as much as he can to change this resemblance. If he is imitating women deliberately he is described as Mukhannath, whether he commits the evil deed (homosexual acts) or not.

 

The effeminate man being referred to here – who was like a servant – used to enter the houses of the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, because he was considered an old male servant who lacked vigor (Refer to the Qur’an 24:31)

 

When the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, realized that this person could describe women very precisely and that he was describing a woman as having four folds of fat in front and eight behind (four on each side), he ordered that he should be thrown out and not allowed to enter his wives’ apartments, because of the mischief that he could cause, such as possibly describing the women he saw to strangers, or having a bad influence on the members of the household, such as leading women to imitate men, or men to imitate women, by walking in a coquettish manner or speaking softly, or bringing about worse mischief than that.

 

So how about the situation nowadays, when we see many of these servants imitating the opposite sex, especially the Kafirs who are living in Muslim homes and who we know for certain are having a bad influence on Muslim boys and girls. There is even a group known as ‘the third sex’ who wear make-up and dress in women’s clothes. What a disaster this is for the Ummah which is supposed to be the Ummah of Jihaad!

 

If you want to know more about how the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, opposed this ‘third sex’ and how his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, fought with their sense of honor against such things, think about this Hadeeth:

Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported that an effeminate man who had dyed his hands with henna (as women do) was brought to the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and it was said:

“O Messenger of Allaah! This man is imitating women.” So he banished him to al-Baqee’ [as a punishment, this man was sent to an isolated place, and this was also in order to protect others] It was said: “Why do you not kill him?” He, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “I have been forbidden to kill those who pray.”

(Reported by Abu Dawood, 4928, and others; see Saheeh al-Jaami’, 2502)

 

[Dangers in the home, by Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid, page 23-25]

 

Umar’s advice to his son from his deathbed


Ibn Abi’-Dunya narrated that Yahya ibn Abi Rashid al-Basri said: Umar [radiAllahu anhu] said to his son,

Be economical with my shroud, for if there is good for me with Allah, He will exchange it for me for that which is better than it. If I have been otherwise, He will strip me and be very fast in stripping me.

Be economical in the grave you dig for me, for if there is good for me with Allah, He will expand it for me as far as my sight can reach. If I have been otherwise, He will tighten it upon me until my ribs interlace.

Let not a woman go out with me (to the grave), and do not attribute to me a purity that I do not have, for Allah has more knowledge of me.

When you go out (with me to the grave) then hasten your pace, for if there is good for me with Allah, you will send me on to what is better for me. If I am otherwise, you will throw an evil you have been carrying down from your necks.”

[al-Khulafa’ ar-Rashidun, page- 166]

Segregate men and women during family visits


 

People are naturally gregarious and sociable; they need friends, and friendships entail visiting one another.

 

When there are visits between families, we should block the path of evil by preventing Ikhtilaat (inter-mixing between men and women). One of the indications that such inter-mixing is Haraam is the Qur’aanic verse (which means):

{And when you ask them (his wives) for anything you want, ask them from behind a screen; that is purer for your hearts and for their hearts.}

[Qur’an 33:53]

Segregation of sexes

If we were to look for the evil results of inter-mixing during family visits, we would find many objectionable consequences, such as:

♦ In most cases the Hijab (Islamic attire) of women in these mixed gatherings is non-existent or improper, so a woman may display her beauty before someone in front of whom it is not permissible for her to uncover herself. Allaah The Almighty Says (what means):

{And tell the believing women not to reveal their adornment.} [Qur’an 24:31].

It may be that a woman adorns herself for strangers in a mixed gathering in a way that she never does for her own husband.

 

♦ When men see women in one gathering, this is a cause of corruption in the religion and morals, and provokes desires in a forbidden manner.

 

♦ In a mixed gathering, the husband and wife may argue with or ignore one another in an alarming fashion. A man might look or wink at another’s wife, or he may laugh and joke with her, and she with him. After the couple returns home, the settling of scores would begin. The man might inquire: “Why did you laugh at what so-and-so. said, when he did not say anything funny?” The woman would counter: “And why did you wink at so-and-so?” The man would retort: “When he spoke, you understood him quickly, but you do not understand what I say at all!” Thus they would trade accusations and the matter could end in enmity and even divorce

 

Some men and women may regret their luck in marriage, when a man compares his wife to his friend’s wife, or a woman compares her husband to her friend’s husband. A man may say to himself: “So-and-so talks well and answers questions; she is well-educated and my wife is ignorant; she has no education” and a woman may say to herself: “So-and-so is so lucky! Her husband is smart and eloquent, and my husband is so boring and speaks without thinking!” This spoils the marital relationship or leads to bad treatment

 

Some people may show off to one another in mixed gatherings, by pretending to have what that they do not really possess. So a man may issue instructions to his wife in front of other men and pretend that he has a strong personality, but when he is alone with her at home he is as tame as a house cat. A woman may borrow gold and wear it so that the other people see that she has such and such. However, the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said:

“The one who shows off with something that does not belong to him is like one who wears a garment of falsehood.” (Reported by Al-Bukhaari, Fat-h Al-Baari, 9/317)

 

♦ Late-night mixed gatherings result in wasting time, sins of the tongue, and leaving small children at home alone (so that they do not disturb their parents’ evening with their cries!)

 

♦ Late-night mixed gatherings could develop to the extent of involving many kinds of major sins, such as drinking and gambling, especially among the so-called “upper classes”. One of the major sins that occur during these gatherings is mimicking the Kuffar (disbelievers) and imitating them in fashion trends and various customs. The Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said:

“Whoever imitates a people is one of them.”

(Reported by Imaam Ahmad in al-Musnad, 2/50; Saheeh al-Jaami?, 2828, 6025)

 

[Dangers in the home, by Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid, page 8-11]

 

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