Posts Tagged ‘Death’

Prompt your dying ones (to say): ‘laa ilaaha il-lal-laah’ and speak good words

July 11, 2017 Leave a comment


Those people who are present should encourage the dying person to repeat after them the Declaration of Faith (Shahaadah) until he or she passes away confirming Allah’s unique oneness (Tawheed).


Both Aboo Sa ‘eed al-Khudree and Aboo Hurayrah quoted the Prophet (ﷺ) as saying

“Prompt your dying ones (to say): laa ilaaha il-lal-laah and whoever’s last words before dying are: laa ilaaha il-lal-laah, will enter paradise one day, even if he is afflicted before that by punishment.”

[ Sahih Muslim, vol.2, p.435, no. 1996]


This prophetic statement does not simply mean that the Shahaadah should be mentioned by others in the presence of the one who is dying. The dying person, himself or herself, should be instructed to say the Shahaadah, as is evident from the Prophet’s statement “whoever’s last words are: laa ilaaha il-lal-laah”.


The following hadeeth narrated by Anas indicates the Prophet’s practise in this regard:

Anas ibn Maalik reported that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) visited a man from among the Ansaar and said to him,“O Uncle, say : laa ilaaha il-lal-laah. The man asked, “Am I a maternal uncle or a paternal uncle?” and the Prophet (ﷺ) replied,“Indeed you are paternal.” The man then asked, “Is it better for me to say: laa ilaaha il-lal-laah? The Prophet (ﷺ) replied, ‘Yes.’”

[Collected by Ahmad and authenticated in al-Fat-h ar-Rabbaanee, vol.7, p.57, no.34 as well as in Ahkaamul-Janaa’iz, p.11.]



Muslims are also encouraged to be present when non-Muslims are dying in order to present Islam to them, in the hope that they would accept Islam prior to their death.


For the acceptance of Islam at this point to be of any benefit,
it must be based on knowledge,

Know that there is no god worthy of worship besides Allah.” Chapter Muhammad, (47):19.

it must be expressed sincerely,

“The were only commanded to worship Allah, making the religion sincere for Him alone.” Chapter al-Bayyinah, (98):5.

and with certainty,

Aboo Hurayrah reported Allah’s Messenger as saying, “I testify that there is no god worthy of worship but Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah. Any servant who meets Allah with those two [testimonies], having no doubt in them, will enter paradise.” (Sahih Muslim, vol.1, p.20, no.41)

and it must take place before the actual throes of death begin.

The Prophet (ﷺ) was reported by ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar to have said, “Allah, Most Great and Glorious, will accept His servant’s repentance until the throes of death begin.”

(Collected by at- Tirmithee and Ibn Maajah and authenticated in Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah, vol.2, p.418, no.3430. See also Riyadh-us-Saleheen, vol.1, p.12, no.18, for an English translation of this hadeeth).


This point is evident in the Prophet’s (ﷺ) attempt to get his uncle Aboo Taalib to bear witness to Allah’s oneness when the latter was on his deathbed.( Sahih Muslim, vol.1, p.18, no.36.)

Aboo Taalib knew about Allah, Islam, and the Prophet (ﷺ) very well.


Similarly, the following incident involving the Prophet’s servant is one of a person who knew about Allah and the Prophet (ﷺ).

Anas also reported that,

“When a Jewish youth, who used to serve the Prophet (ﷺ) got sick, the Prophet (ﷺ) visited him. The Prophet (ﷺ) sat by his head and said to him, “Accept Islam.” The boy looked at his father who was near him and the man said, “Obey Abul-Qaasim.” So the boy accepted Islam and the Prophet (ﷺ) left saying, “All praise is due to Allah who saved him from the Fire.”

(Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol.2, p.246, no.438)

(When the boy died the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Make salaah for your comrade.”)

(This addition is found in Musnad Ahmad and is authenticated in Ahkaamul-Janaa’iz, p.11.)


People present may pray aloud for the dying person, letting them hear their concern and compassion for them. Those present should also avoid saying anything in the dying person’s presence which is not good. Negative words will only increase the difficulties which the sick and dying are facing. On the other hand, good words and positive thoughts will make the process of dying easier and the recovery from illness more bearable.


Umm Salamah reported that the Prophet (ﷺ) said,

“If you are in the presence of a sick or dying person, you should say good things for verily the angels say “Aameen” to whatever you say.”

[Sahih Muslim vol.2, p.436, no.2002]


When Umm Salamah asked the Prophet what should she say, he replied:

Say: Allaahumma-ghfir lee wa lahu wa a‘qibnee minhu ‘uqba hasanah [O Allah, forgive him and me, and grant me a good substitute after him.]”

[Sahih Muslim vol.2, p.436, no.2002]


[From: Funeral rites in Islam by Dr. Bilal Philips, pg. 3-6]


A Sermon by Abu Bakr As-Siddiq [RadiAllahu anhu] on Sincerity and drawing Lessons

February 1, 2014 Leave a comment


Abu Bakr As-Siddiq [radiAllahu anhu] gave a speech once and started it with praising Alláh and thanking Him, then said:

“Verily, Allah does not accept deeds except those which were performed for the Sake of His face only. Therefore, seek Alláhs face by your actions. Know that whatever action you do with sincerity to Allah is an act of obedience that you performed, a good share that you earned, a duty that you fulfilled, and a reserve that you keep from perishable days to everlasting days. At that time you will be most in need and in anticipation (for these good deeds).”


O slaves of Alláh! Draw a lesson from those who died before you. Think about those who lived before you. Where were they yesterday? Where are they today?

Where are the tyrants who were noted for the wars they waged and earned victories in battle?

Time has eliminated them and they disintegrated to dust. The only things that remain from them are their evil statements, and verily, evil statements are for evil people and evil people are for evil statements.



Where are the kings who ruled on the earth and inhabited it?

They have become a thing of the past and their memory has been forgotten. They have become nothing. Yet, Alláh the Exalted and Most Honored has kept for them the evil burden of their deeds, but ended their streak of lusts. They perished, but the deeds they committed remained theirs even though the world has become for others.

We were created after them, so if we draw lessons from their fate we will attain deliverance. Otherwise, if we were deceived by all of this, we will earn a fate similar to theirs.



Where are the bright faces of those who were deceived on account of their youth?

They have turned into dust, but what they committed of shortcomings remained with them as cause for sorrow.


Where are those who built cities, fortified them with walls and collected wonders? 

They left all this for those who came after them; there you see the  remains of their cities, they have not been inhabited after them.

Meanwhile, they are in the darkness of graves:

“Can you find a single one of them or hear even a whisper of them?” (19:98)


Where are those whom you knew among your forefathers and brethren?

Their lifetimes came to an end and they joined their deeds and actions. They are residing after they died either in the dwelling of happiness or misery.


“Verily, Alláh is One and has no partners in worship. There is no tie of kinship between Him and any of His creation that warrants granting goodness or fending off evil on account of that kinship. There is only the obedience of Alláh and abiding by His Commandments. Know that you are subservient slaves (of Alláh) and that what He has can only be earned through obeying Him. Is it not time for one of you that the Fire be taken away from him, while Paradise is not made far from his reach?


[Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah, by Al-Hafiz Ibn Kathir, and At-Tarikh, by At Tabari, vol. 3, p. 311]


Related Links:

® Abu Bakr to his son: “I would not have veered away from you.”

® Abû Bakr(RadiAllahu anhu) to ‘Umar(RadiAllahu anhu) on his Deathbed



The Unexpected Occurs [I am still Young]

January 21, 2014 Leave a comment


A noble person said:

How many people I have known, if I wished, I could name them, who surrendered themselves to their desires and became prisoners of their lusts and forgot about death and their reckoning.


So when Allah, the Mighty and Magnificent guided me to His obedience, to following His orders, and to fearing Him, then I went to my friend, advising him, and admonishing him with encouragement and warning, but he used the excuse that he was still a young man, and he was fooled by false hopes.


Then, by Allah, death came unexpectedly. So now he is one who lies buried under the earth, tied to the burden of his sins. His passions have left him, his female companions have departed from him and now he must face the consequences, now he has to face the Overpowering Compellor with the actions of the sinful and depraved…

Death can come at any time..

He further said:

May Allah save you and I from a record or an end like his. So fear Allah, O Servants of Allah, and do not be like him, since you know that this world is passing away and the Hereafter is coming towards us, so keep in mind the point of death and one’s passing on, and the number of sins that one has committed and the small amount of good that one has done.


Think of the good that you would earnestly wish to do at that time – then bring that forward and do that today, and think of all those things which you would desire to clear yourself from, then clear yourself from them now.



“If it were the case that when we die we would be left untroubled,
Then death would be rest and relaxation for everyone living:
However when we die we shall be raised up again,
And questioned about everything we have done.”

[Ahwaalul-Qiyaamah (pp.4-5)]

Living to Die or Dying to Live!

October 12, 2013 Leave a comment


In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Beneficial

“Death is a harsh and fearful reality faced by everyone who lives. No one has the power to avoid it, nor does anyone around a dying person have the ability to prevent it. It is something that happens every moment and is something encountered by the young and the old, the rich and the poor, the strong and the weak. They are all the same in that they have no plan, nor any means of escaping it, no means of intercession, no way to prevent it, nor to delay it.”

[Al-Mawt (p.9) of Shaykh ‘Alî Hasan al-Halabî.]


Allâh – the Most High – says:

“Say: Indeed, the death from which you flee will surely meet you, then you will be sent back to Allâh, the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen. And He will then tell you what you used to do.” [Sûrah al-Jumu’ah 62:8].

“Every soul shall taste death. And We shall make a trial of you with evil and with good, and to Us will you be returned.” [Sûrah al-Anbiyâ 21:34-35].



Indeed it is death:

“which causes fear in the souls, and with it one’s actions are sealed, and what comes after is even more fearful and fear-inducing. For is there a place one can flee to in order to escape from the constrictions suffered in the grave?


What will our reply be when we are questioned in the grave? Indeed, not a single one of us knows where we will end up. Will it be Paradise whose width is like the heavens and the earth, or shall it be the Fire whose fuel is of men and stones?”

[ As-Salât wa Atharahu fî Ziyâdatil-Îmân (p.10) of Shaykh Husayn al-Awâishah.]



Ibrâhîm ibn Adham (d.160H) – rahimahullâh – said, when he was asked about the verse: “Call upon Me and I will respond to you.”[Sûrah Ghâfir 40:60] They said: We call upon Allâh, but He does nor respond to us. So he said:

“You know Allâh; yet you do not obey Him. You recite the Qur’ân; yet you do not act according to it. You know Shaytân; yet you continue agreeing with him. You claim to love Allâh’s Messenger ‘alayhis-salâm; yet you abandon his Sunnah (guidance and way). You claim to love Paradise, yet you do not work for it. You claim to fear the Fire; yet you do not stop sinning. You say, Indeed death is true; yet you have not prepared for it. You busy yourselves with the faults of others; yet you do not look at your own faults. You eat the sustenance that Allâh provides for you; yet you are not grateful to Him. And you bury your dead; yet you have not heeded its lesson.”

[Al-Hâfidh Ibn Rajab related it in al-Khushû’ fis-Salâh (p.62).]



So this – O noble reader – is the reality which must be firmly established in one’s heart; the reality that life in this world is limited and has an appointed end, and that this end will surely come …


“The righteous will die; And the wicked will die. The warriors who fight jihâd will die; And those who sit at home will die. Those who busy themselves with correct beliefs will die; And those who treat people as their slaves will die. The brave who reject injustice will die; And the cowards who seek to cling to this vile life will die. The people of lofty-goals and ambitions will die; And the wretched who live for cheap enjoyment will die.”

[Al-Mawt (p.10).]


Every soul shall taste death.”[Âl-‘Imrân 3:185].


“So keep in mind the point of death, and of one’s passing on to the next life, and the number of sins that one has committed and the small amount of good that one has done. Think of the good that you would earnestly like to do at that time – then bring that forward and do it today. And think of all those things which you would desire to clear yourself of- then clear yourself from them now.”

[Al-Mawt (p.16)]


[Al-Istiqaamah News Letter]

From the chapter on ‘Death’: Tanbih Al-Ghafileen

June 24, 2013 Leave a comment


It was said:

“Death is like a thorny plant entered into the throat of the Son of Adam – each thorn pulling with it one of his veins – which is then pulled out suddenly by a man of great strength, cutting up what it cuts up, and sparing what it spares.”


It was also said:

“There are four things that none know the value of except for four types of people:

nobody knows the value of the youth except the elderly,


nobody knows the value of relief except those who are being tried,


nobody knows the value of health except the sick,


and nobody knows the value of life except the dead.”



A man would say to his son: “I am amazed at the one upon whom death descends while he has his sanity and his tongue, yet he is still unable to  describe death.” So, when this man had death descend upon him, his son asked him why he did not describe death for him even though he had his sanity andhis tongue. The man answered:

“O son! Verily, death is greater than could be described, but I will attempt to describe it for you somewhat.

By Allah, it is as if I have a mountain upon my shoulders,


and it is as if my soul is being extracted from the tip of a needle, 


and it is as if I have a thorny plant in my throat,


and it is as if the heavens have smashed into the earth and I am in between them”.



It was reportedly said to ‘Isa the son of Maryam, by some of the disbelievers of his time: “Verily, you bring the dead back to life, but you only do so to those living in our times. How do we know that these people really died in the first place? Revive for us someone who has died in the past.” So, ‘Isa said to them: “Choose whomever you wish.” So, they said: “Revive for us  Sam the son of Nuh.” So,’Isa went to his grave, prayed two rak’ahs, made supplication to Allah, and then Allah brought Sam the son of Nuh back to life. The people noticed that Sam’s hair and beard were white, and asked himhow long he had been dead. He replied:

“I have been dead for four thousand years, and I am still suffering from the stupors of death.”



Know that you were created to die, and there is no way around this, as Allah says: {“…you will die and they will die…”} [az-Zumar; 30],


and He says: {“Say: running away will not save you if you attempt to escape from death or killing.”} [al-Ahzab; 16]


[From: Tanbih Al-Ghafileen, pg-02]


Related reading: From the chapter of ‘Sincerity’: Tanbih Al-Ghafileen



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