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Allah commanded Yahya bin Zakariya to implement five commands – Tafsir Ibn Kathir

March 11, 2018 Leave a comment

 

Imam Ahmad narrated that Al-Harith Al-Ash`ari said that the Prophet of Allah said,

(Allah commanded Yahya bin Zakariya to implement five commands and to order the Children of Israel to implement them, but Yahya was slow in carrying out these commands. `Isa said to Yahya, `You were ordered to implement five commands and to order the Children of Israel to implement them. So either order, or I will do it.’ Yahya said, ‘My brother! I fear that if you do it before me, I will be punished or the earth will be shaken under my feet.’ Hence, Yahya bin Zakariya called the Children of Israel to Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem), until they filled the Masjid. He sat o­n the balcony, thanked Allah and praised him and then said, `Allah ordered me to implement five commandments and that I should order you to adhere to them.

 

1. The first is that you worship Allah alone and not associate any with Him. 

The example of this command is the example of a man who bought a servant from his money with paper or gold. The servant started to work for the master, but was paying the profits to another person. Who among you would like his servant to do that Allah created you and sustains you. Therefore, worship Him alone and do not associate anything with Him

 

2. I also command you to pray, for Allah directs His Face towards His servant’s face, as long as the servant does not turn away. So when you pray, do not turn your heads to and fro.

 

3. I also command you to fast.

The example of it is the example of a man in a group of men and he has some musk wrapped in a piece of cloth, and consequently, all of the group smells the scent of the wrapped musk. Verily, the odor of the mouth of a fasting person is better before Allah than the scent of musk.

 

4. I also command you to give charity.

The example of this is the example of a man who was captured by the enemy. They tied his hands to his neck and brought him forth to cut off his neck. He said to them, ‘Can I pay a ransom for myself’ He kept ransoming himself with small and large amounts until he liberated himself.

 

5. I also command you to always remember Allah.

The example of this deed is that of a man who the enemy is tirelessly pursuing. He takes refuge in a fortified fort. When the servant remembers Allah, he will be resorting to the best refuge from Satan.)

 

Al-Harith then narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said,

(And I order you with five commandments that Allah has ordered me.

  1. Stick to the Jama`ah (community of the faithful),
  2. listen and obey (your leaders) and
  3. perform Hijrah (migration) and
  4. Jihad for the sake of Allah.
  5. Whoever abandons the Jama`ah, even the distance of a hand span, will have removed the tie of Islam from his neck, unless he returns. Whoever uses the slogans of Jahiliyah (the pre-Islamic period of ignorance) he will be among those kneeling in Jahannam (Hellfire).)

 

They said, “O Messenger of Allah! Even if he prays and fasts” He said, (Even if he prays, fasts and claims to be Muslim. So call the Muslims with their names that Allah has called them: `The Muslims, the believing servants of Allah.’)

 

This is a Hasan Hadith, and it contains the statement, “Allah has created and sustains you, so worship Him and do not associate anything with Him in worship.” This statement is relevant in the Ayat (2:21-22) we are discussing here and supports singling Allah in worship, without partners.

 

[Tafsir ibn Kathir, vol. 1]

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Which of these two statements you like? Beautiful explanation by Sufyan bin Uyaynah

March 17, 2013 Leave a comment

 

♣Bismillah Ar Rahmaan Ar Raheem♣

 

Below are two statements by two brothers from our Aslaaf.

 

Mutarif (rahimahullah) used to say:

Thanking Allah for his blessing is more beloved to me than doing Sabr at the time of hardship.

 

While his brother, Yazeed bin Abdullah rahimahullah used to say:

O Allah! Whatever of these two is better for me, grant that.

 

And this follows a beautiful incident about the sayings of two brother.

 

 Amroo bin Sukn said:

Once I was with Sufyan bin Uyaynah when a man from Baghdad stood and asked him- O Abu Muhammed! Which of these two statements you like: the one of Mutarif (rahimahullah) who says, “Thanking Allah for his blessing is more beloved to me than doing Sabr at the time of hardship” or his brother’s Yazeed bin Abdullah (rahimahullah) who says’ “O Allah! I like for myself what You have liked for me”?

 

Sufyan bin Uyaynah (rahimahullah) remained silent for a while and then said: I like the saying of Mutarif (rahimahullah).

 

That man asked why it is so when after all Yazeed bin Abdullah (rahimahullah) only liked for himself what Allah has liked for him!

 

Sufyan bin Uyaynah said- I read the Quran and suddenly the condition of Sulayman (alaihis salam) came into my mind with all the blessings Allah has provided him. Allah said in Glorious Quran about Sulayman (alaihissalam): “(How excellent a servant! Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance (to Us)!) “[Surah Sa’ad verse 30].

 

And then Ayub (Alaihis salam) came into my mind and his life was surrounded with hardship yet Allah said about him the same what He said about Sulayman (alaihissalam). Allah said in Glorious Quran:” (How excellent a servant! Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance (to Us)!)” [Surah Sa’ad verse 44].

 

So, both the conditions are same and therefore I gave preference to Shukr (thanksgiving) over Sabr (patience) and hence I like the saying of Mutarif (rahimahullah) that “Thanking Allah for his blessing is more beloved to me than doing Sabr at the time of hardship.”

 

[From:  Hilayat ul Awliya, Yazeed Bin Abdullah (rahimahullah), page 516-517 urdu edition, Translated by: Dr Iftakhar Ahmed]

 

Worth to read:

The People are of 4 types, and the deeds are 6.

• 6 Things in Various Islamic Sciences

• He was truthful in what he said.

• Hiding ones tears

 

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