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Ibn Hubayra, al-Hasan al-Basri and al-Sha’bi

February 6, 2018 Leave a comment

 

It is al-Hasan’s story when Ibn Hubayra sent for him and for al-Sha’bi, and he said to the former, “Abu Saeed (Hasan), what do you think we should do with letters that come to us from Yazid ibn Abd al-Malik, with their controversial contents? If I implement them, they incur the wrath of Allah; but if I do not implement them, I fear for my life.” “Here,” al-Hasan said to him, “you have with you al-Sha’bi, the jurist of al-Hijaz.” So he asked him. Al-Sha’bi made light of the matter.

“Implement as much as possible and make adjustments,” he replied. “You are only a servant who takes orders.”

 

Then Ibn Hubayra turned to al-Hasan and asked, “What do you think, Abu Saeed?” “O Ibn Hubayra,” he replied,

“fear Allah when obeying the commands of Yazid and do not fear Yazid when obeying the commands of Allah.

 

O Ibn Hubayra, Allah will protect you from Yazid, but Yazid cannot protect you from Allah.

 

O Ibn Hubayra, no creature should be obeyed who commands the disobedience of the Creator.

 

Look then at what Yazid wrote to you, and compare it with the Book of Allah, may He be exalted. What agrees with the Book of Allah, may He be exalted, you may implement; and what disagrees with the Book of Allah, you should not implement.

 

Allah should have for you a priority over Yazid, and the Book of Allah should have for you a priority over his letters.”

 

Ibn Hubayra patted al-Hasan on the shoulder. “This old man has told me the truth. By the Lord of al-Ka’ba,” he said.

 

He then ordered al-Hasan to be given four thousand [dirhams], and al-Sha’bi two thousand. Al-Sha’bi said, “We made light of the matter for him, now he has made light of the reward for us.”

 

Al-Hasan sent for the poor; when they came, he distributed the money to them. Al-Sha’bi accepted the money and gave thanks for it.

 

[Al-Iqd Al-Farid, vol. 1, page 68]

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Al-Hasan al-Basri’s letter to Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz describing the just ruler

January 24, 2018 3 comments

 

When Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz assumed the caliphate, he wrote to al-Hasan ibn Abi al-Hasan al-Basri asking him to write to him and describe the just ruler.

Al-Hasan (rahimahullah) wrote:

“Be it known to you, O Commander of the Faithful, that Allah instituted the just ruler to be the redress of every wrong-doer, the discipline of every unfair person, the correction of every corrupt man, the strength of every weak one, the justice of every wronged being, and the refuge of every frightened individual.

The just ruler, O Commander of the Faithful, is like a shepherd who is tender toward his camels and kind to them; he takes them to the best pastures, prevents them from going to dangerous places, defends them against wild beasts, and protects them from the harms of the heat and the cold.

 

The just ruler, O Commander of the Faithful, is like a father who feels compassion for his children, works hard for them when young and teaches them as they grow older, earns for them during his lifetime, and saves for them after his death.

 

The just ruler, O Commander of the Faithful, is like a tender mother who is dutiful and kind to her baby, who bears him and gives him birth unwillingly, who brings him up as a child, staying up at night when he does, and being quiet when he is at rest; she suckles him for a time and then weans him, she rejoices when he is healthy and is saddened when he is in pain.

 

The just ruler, O Commander of the Faithful, is the guardian of orphans and treasurer of the poor, educating the young among them and providing for the older ones.

 

The just ruler, O Commander of the Faithful, is like the heart among the other body organs: they are healthy if the heart is healthy, and sick when the heart is sick.

 

The just ruler, O Commander of the Faithful, is the one who stands between Allah and his servants; he listens to what Allah says and conveys it to them, he looks to Allah and makes them look too; he is led by Allah and he leads them. Therefore, O Commander of the Faithful, in relation to the realm given to you by Allah, may He be exalted and magnified, do not be like a servant whose master entrusted him with his wealth and dependents, but who wasted the wealth and drove away the dependents like tramps, thus impoverishing his master’s family and frittering away his wealth.

 

Be it known to you, O Commander of the Faithful, that Allah has prescribed punishments to act as deterrents to wicked deeds and vile acts. So if these deeds and acts are committed by those responsible for implementing the punishments, what will happen? Allah has prescribed punishment as a means to better living for His servants. So if the one who should be doing justice to them kills them, what will happen? And remember death and what follows it, O Commander of the Faithful, when you will have no adherents and no supporters to help you against it; so provide for it and for the great terror that follows it.

 

Be it known to you, O Commander of the Faithful, that you have a home other than the one you are in now. In it you will abide for a long time. Your loved ones will abandon you and leave you in it all alone. Provide for it that which will remain with you. “On the day when a man flees from his brother, and from his mother and his father, and from his wife and his sons.” [Quran. 80:34–36]

 

Remember, O Commander of the Faithful, “… when what is in the tombs is resurrected, and what is in the breasts is gathered” [Quran. 100:9–10], secrets will become manifest, and the Book “… leaves out nothing small or great but has recorded it” [Quran. 18:49].

 

Now, O Commander of the Faithful, while you still have time and before the arrival of the appointed hour of death and loss of hope: do not rule Allah’s servants as the ignorant do, and do not behave with them as oppressors do, the way the domineering arrogant ones conduct themselves with those they deem to be weak, for they observe no covenant or compact of protection. Otherwise, you will end up bearing your burdens and other burdens too, and you will carry your loads and other loads too. Do not be deceived by those who enjoy what causes you misery and those who eat good things in this world of theirs, for you will then lose your good things in the Hereafter. Do not look at your power today but look rather at your power tomorrow, when you are captive in the snares of death, standing before Allah, may He be exalted, and in the presence of the angels, the prophets, and the apostles, when “All faces shall be humbled before the Living, Self-Subsisting One” [Quran. 20:111].

 

O Commander of the Faithful, although I have not achieved in my sermon what earlier men of intellect have, I have not withheld advice and sympathy from you. Consider this letter of mine to you as would a healer who gives his beloved to drink bitter medicine because he hopes for the cure and good health it will bring about. Peace be upon you, O Commander of the Faithful, Allah’s mercy, and His blessings.

 

[Al-Iqd Al-Farid, vol. 1, page 49-51]

Ten advises from a physician to cure the diseases of the heart

August 6, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Al-Hasan al-Basri said, “One day I was walking with a young pious man in the narrow streets of Basra and its markets until we reached a physician sitting on a chair and around him were many men, women, and children who had bottles of water in their hands. Each one of them was seeking a cure for his illness.

 

The young man moved closer to the physician and asked him, ‘O physician! Do you have a medicine that cleans away sins and cures the [spiritual] diseases of the heart?

He replied ‘Yes!’

 

The young man said, ‘Give it to me!”

 

The physician said,

Take ten things from me

take the roots of the tree of poverty with the roots of the tree of humility,

and pour in it the milk of repentance,

then place it in the mortar of acceptance [of whatever is predestined for one],

crush it with the pestle of contentment,

then place it in the pot of piety,

pour over it the water of shame,

then boil it with the fire of love,

then place it in the cup of gratitude

and cool it down with the fan of hope,

then drink it with the spoon of praise.

If you do all of this then it will cure you of every illness and trial in this world and in the Hereafter.’”

 

[Preparing For The Day Of Judgement By: Imaam Ibn Hajar Al‘ Asqalani, page 42]

 

Countering Tribulations with Righteous Deeds

June 27, 2013 Leave a comment

 

In places of Fitan and disasters, many people become occupied in following events and become over-enthusiastic in it. In addition, gatherings become filled with talk of  ‘I heard, I saw, I think, if it was like this it would have been better, if this was put first or if that was delayed it would have been more appropriate’ etc such that it takes away their concern for the recommended supererogatory acts and they perhaps fall short of the obligatory acts, or they delay the prayer from its set time due to them having spent the night in debates for example, or they abandon some of their livelihood or the rights of their wives and children.

 

Abu Hurayrah narrates that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said,

‘By (righteous) deeds, prepare for Fitan which is like a piece of the dark night wherein a man will wake up as a believer and pass the evening as a disbeliever, or wherein he will enter the evening as a believer and in the morning come as a disbeliever. He will sell his religion for a temporal gain of this World.’

[Sahih Muslim, al-Tirmidhi, Ahmad]

 

Al-Hasan al-Basri said regarding this narration,

‘A man will wake up prohibiting the blood, honour and wealth of his brother but he shall enter the evening making it permissible.

And he will pass the evening prohibiting the blood, honour and wealth of his brother but he shall come in the morning making it permissible.’

[Al-Tirmidhi]

 

Abu Hurayrah narrates that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said,

‘Prepare for 6 things by doing (righteous) deeds: The Anti-Christ, the Smoke, the Beast of the Earth, the Rising of the Sun from the East, the matter of the masses and the personal issues of each of you.’

[Sahih Muslim]

 

Umm Salamah said,

‘The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) woke up one night in a frightened state saying, ‘Subhanallah! What has Allah sent down from the Stores and what has come of Fitan? Who will wake up the people of the house – i.e. his wives – so that they may pray? Perhaps a clothed one in this world will be naked in the Hereafter.’

[Al-Bukhari]

 

Righteous good deeds are a means of remaining steadfast upon the Truth.

Allah Ta’ala said,

“…But if they had done what they were told, it would have been better for them, and would have strengthened their (Faith)”

[al-Nisa: 66]

 

[‘Basa’ir fil Fitan’, page-49]

 

[E-Book]: The wise sayings of Hasan al Basri

February 21, 2013 Leave a comment

“Woe to you, son of Adam! Can you fight Allah?”

December 26, 2012 Leave a comment

 

It is reported that Hassan Al Basri said:

We laugh and yet – who knows? – perhaps Allah has looked at some of our works and said: “I will not accept anything from you.” Woe to you, son of Adam! Can you fight Allah? Whoever disobeys Allah is fighting Him.

 

By Allah! I have met seventy veterans of Badr. Most of their garments were wool. Had you seen them you would have said they are crazy, and had they seen the best among you they would have said: “Those people will have no part in the Hereafter.” Had they seen the worst among you they would have said:
“Those people do not believe in the Day of Reckoning.”

 

I have seen people for whom this world was cheaper than the dust under their feet. I have seen people the like of whom would come home at night, not finding more than his own portion of food, and yet say: “I shall not put all of this into my belly. I shall certainly give some away for Allah’s sake.” Then he would give away some of his food in charity, even if he were more in need of it than its recipient.

[Narrated from `Alqama ibn Marthad by Abu Nu`aym in Hilya al-Awliya’]

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