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Different kinds of humility


 

Humility is one of the greatest blessings that Allaah can bestow upon His slave. He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And by the Mercy of Allaah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you”

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:159]

 

“And verily, you (O Muhammad) are on an exalted (standard of) character”

[al-Qalam 68:4]

 

This refers to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) being a true slave of Allah in many ways and his treating all people with the utmost kindness. His character was one of complete humility based on sincerity towards Allah and compassion towards the slaves of Allah, which was the complete opposite of the characteristics of the proud and arrogant.

Al-Majmoo’ al-Kaamilah li Mu’allafaat al-Shaykh al-Sa’di, 5/442, 443

 

There are many means of attaining humility, which no Muslim adopts but he will attain this characteristic. They were explained by Imam Ibn al-Qayyim as follows:

Humility comes from knowing about Allah and His names and attributes, and His greatness, venerating Him, loving Him and being in awe of Him; and also from knowing about oneself and one’s faults, and weaknesses. From that may develop the attitude of humility, which means feeling helpless before Allah, and being humble and compassionate towards His slaves, so that the person does not feel superior towards anyone, or think that he has any rights over anyone else; rather he thinks that others are better than him, and that their rights come before his. This is a characteristic that Allah gives to those whom He loves, honours and draws close to Him.

Al-Rooh, p. 233.

 

There are many reports which speak of the reward of humility. For example:

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

“Wealth does not decrease because of charity, and Allah increases His slave in honour when he forgives others. And no one humbles himself before Allah but Allah will raise him (in status).”

Narrated by Muslim, 2588. Al-Nawawi included it in a chapter entitled: “The recommendation of forgiveness and humility.”

Al-Nawawi said:

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “And no one humbles himself before Allaah but Allaah will raise him (in status).” This is understood in two ways: the first is that He will raise him (in status) in this world, and give him status in people’s hearts because of his humility, and give him a high status in people’s eyes. The second is that what is meant is his reward in the Hereafter, where his status will be raised because of his humility in this world.

The scholars said: It may be that both are meant, (and that his status will be raised) both in this world and in the Hereafter. And Allaah knows best.

Sharh Muslim, 16/142.

 

Humility may mean various things, such as:

1.     A person humbling himself to the commands and prohibitions of Allaah, doing what He commands and avoiding what He forbids. 

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

Because a person may hesitate to obey His commands out of laziness, thus behaving in a reluctant way in an attempt to flee from servitude towards Allah, and his soul may have the desire to commit haraam actions, but when  the person humbles himself to the commands and prohibitions of Allah, he will humble himself to true submission (‘uboodiyyah).

Al-Rooh p. 233.

 

2.     Humbling oneself before the might, majesty and power of Allah. 

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

Every time he feels that he is great, he remembers the might of Allah and that might belongs to Him only, and he remembers His intense anger against those who compete with Him in that, then he humbles himself before Him and submits to the might of Allah. This is the ultimate humility and inevitably includes the first type of humility mentioned above, but the converse can never apply (i.e., this type of humility inevitably leads to the first type, but a person may submit to the commands and prohibitions of Allah but he does not humble himself before His might).

The one who is truly humble is the one who is blessed with both. And Allaah is the One Whose help we seek.

Al-Rooh, p. 233.

 

3.     Humility in one’s dress and manner of walking. 

It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

“Whilst a man was letting his garment drag out of pride, he was swallowed up by the earth and will continue sinking in it until the Day of Resurrection.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3297.

It was also narrated by al-Bukhaari (5452) and Muslim (2088) from the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah. According to the version narrated by al-Bukhaari:

“Whilst a man was walking in a garment admiring himself with his hair nicely combed, Allah caused (the earth) to swallow him up and he will continue sinking in it until the Day of Resurrection.”

 

4.     Humility towards one who is of a lesser status and helping him  

It was narrated that al-Bara’ ibn ‘Aazib said:

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was moving soil with us on the day of al-Ahzaab, and I saw him with dust covering the whiteness of his stomach, and he (the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)) was saying, “(O Allah)! Without You, we would not have been guided, nor would we have given in charity, nor would we have prayed. So (O Allah!) send tranquility (Sakeenah) upon us as they (the chiefs of the enemy tribes) have rebelled against us. And if they intend affliction (i.e. want to frighten us and fight against us) then we would not (flee but would withstand them).” And he raised his voice whilst saying it.

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6809; Muslim, 1803.

 

5.     Humility in interactions with one’s wife and helping her. 

It was narrated that al-Aswad said: I asked ‘Aa’ishah what the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to do in his house, and she said:

He used to serve his family and when the time for prayer came he would go out and pray.

al-Bukhaari, 644.

 

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said:

This shows that we are encouraged to be humble and not arrogant, and that a man should serve his family.

Fath al-Baari, 2/163

 

6.     Humility towards the young and joking with them. 

It was narrated that Anas said:

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was the best of people in character. I had a brother whose name was Abu ‘Umayr. He said, I think he was weaned, and when he (the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)) came he would say, “O Abu Umayr, what happened to the nughayr (a small bird that he kept as a pet)?”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5850; Muslim, 2150.

 

Al-Nawawi said:

The nughayr is a small bird.

This hadeeth teaches us many things, such as being kind to small children. This demonstrates the good character of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and how he was of noble character and humble.

Sharh Muslim, 14/129

 

7.     Humility towards servants and slaves 

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“If the servant of one of you brings his food and he does not want to make him sit and eat with him, then let him offer him a morsel or two, because he has prepared it and served it.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 2418 and 5144; Muslim, 1663.

We ask Allaah to make us among those who humble themselves before His might.

 

Source: Islam-qa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The simplicity and humility of Shaikh Saalih al-`Uthaymeen (rahimahullah)


 

Concerning the Imaam, the Shaykh – Muhammad ibn Saalih al ‘Uthaymeen (rahimahullah), it has been narrated:


“And he (rahimahullah) was the peak of simplicity and humility;

He did not like sleeping on a bed, nor a comfortable mattress, rather he slept on the floor or a meagre mattress or straw mat which affected his side.”

Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, al-Imaam az-Zaahid – Page 163

 

“Woe to you, son of Adam! Can you fight Allah?”


 

It is reported that Hassan Al Basri said:

We laugh and yet – who knows? – perhaps Allah has looked at some of our works and said: “I will not accept anything from you.” Woe to you, son of Adam! Can you fight Allah? Whoever disobeys Allah is fighting Him.

 

By Allah! I have met seventy veterans of Badr. Most of their garments were wool. Had you seen them you would have said they are crazy, and had they seen the best among you they would have said: “Those people will have no part in the Hereafter.” Had they seen the worst among you they would have said:
“Those people do not believe in the Day of Reckoning.”

 

I have seen people for whom this world was cheaper than the dust under their feet. I have seen people the like of whom would come home at night, not finding more than his own portion of food, and yet say: “I shall not put all of this into my belly. I shall certainly give some away for Allah’s sake.” Then he would give away some of his food in charity, even if he were more in need of it than its recipient.

[Narrated from `Alqama ibn Marthad by Abu Nu`aym in Hilya al-Awliya’]

The Generosity of Prophet Muhammed (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam).


Bismillah Ar Rahmaan Ar Raheem

 

The Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was unequalled in his generosity, liberality, open-handedness and leniency. His generosity was comprehensive and included all levels of giving, the highest of which is to offer one’s life in the cause of Allah (Subhanahu wataala). He gave himself in fighting against the enemies of Allah (Subhanahu wataala) and he was closest to the enemy during battle; only the bravest soldiers would stand beside him.

 

He (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) offered his knowledge and would teach his
companions of what Allah (Subhanahu wataala) had taught him. He was keen
to teach them everything good and would be gentle with them when teaching.

 

He  (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“Allah did not sent me to make difficulty or be difficult, but he sent me as a teacher, making things easy.” (Muslim)

 

And he (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“I am to you in the position of a father, teaching you.”

(Ahmad and Abu Dawud – graded as hasan by al-Albani)
When a questioner asked him something, he would often reply with additional information. Someone once asked him about the purity of sea water, and he  (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Its water is pure and its creatures are permitted [to eat].” (Ahmad and others)

 

He (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was also the most generous of people in giving his time and foregoing his comfort in order to take care of the needs and interests of others. Sufficient is the aforementioned example of the slave woman in Madinah who would grasp his hand and take him wherever she wanted in the city to show him what she needed. (Ibn Majah)

 

And Jabir ibn `Abdullah(RadiAllahu anhu) reported:

“Nothing was ever asked of the Messenger of Allah(Sallallahu alaihi wasallam)  that he refused.”

(Al- Bukhari and Muslim)

 

Anas (RadiAllahu anhu) reported:

“Nothing was ever asked of the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) in exchange for acceptance of Islam but that he granted it. A man came to him and he gave him a valley full of sheep. So, he went back to his people andsaid, ‘O people, accept Islam, for Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) gives, not fearing poverty.’ “

(Muslim)

 

Anas (RadiAllahu anhu) added, “Even if the man entered Islam only for worldly gain, it would soon become more beloved to him than the world and all it contained.”

 

The Messenger of Allah(Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) gave Sufwan ibn Umayyah (RadiAllahu anhu)three hundred grazing animals after the battle of Hunayn. Sufwan (RadiAllahu anhu)later said,

“By Allah, the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) gave what he gave me while he was the most hated of people to me, and he kept on giving me until he was the most beloved of people to me.”

(Muslim)

 

Ibn `Abbas said (RadiAllahu anhu), “The Messenger of Allah  (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam)was the most generous of people with goodness. And he was most generous of all during the month of Ramadhan, when Jibreel(Alaihissalam) met him and reviewed with him the Qur’an. The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) was swifter in good deeds than the wind.”

(Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

 

Jubayr ibn Mut`im (RadiAllahu anhu) said,

“While we were with the Messenger of Allah  (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam)along with some people returning from Hunayn, the Bedouins crowded around requesting from him until they pushed him to an acacia tree and snatched his cloak.

The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam)stood and said,
“Return my cloak to me, for by Allah, if I had livestock as many as these bushes I would have divided them among you. And you will not find me miserly or a liar or a coward.”

(Al-Bukhari)

 

Generosity was part of the Prophet’s (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) character even before his prophethood. When the angel came down to him in the cave of Hiraa’ and he returned to Khadijah shaken, she told him, “No, by Allah. Allah will never humiliate you, for you keep the ties of relationship, bear the burden of the weak, help the needy and assist those afflicted by calamity.”

 

Anas (RadiAllahu anhu)reported,

“The Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) never saved anything for tomorrow.”

(At-Tirmidhi – graded saheeh by al-Albani)

 

And Abu Sa`eed (RadiAllahu anhu) related, Some people from the Ansar asked the Messenger of Allah  for something, and he gave them what they asked. Then, they asked him again, and he gave them what they asked. Then, they asked him again, and he gave them what they asked – until finally, when what he had was finished, he (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“Whatever I have I will never keep from you, but whoever refrains and seeks to be self-sufficient – Allah will make him self sufficient, and whoever practices patience – Allah will give him patience. And no one has been given anything better for him and more ample than patience.”

(Ahmad and Muslim)

 

[ Forty Encounters With the Beloved Prophet, page158-160 ]

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