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The Punishment of the People of Hell will vary in degree

April 25, 2015 Leave a comment

 

As Hell has various levels, in some of which the torment and horror is greater than in others, so the people of Hell will be given different levels of punishment. According to a hadith narrated by Muslim and Ahmad from Samurah, the Prophet (ﷺ) said, concerning the people of Hell:

“There are some whom the Fire will take up to their ankles, others up to their knees, others up to their waists, and others up to their collarbones”.

According to another report, “up to their necks”

(Muslim in Kitaab al-Jannah wa Sifaat Na’imihaa, Baab Shiddat Harr an-Naar, 4/2185)

 

The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) has told us about those who will receive the lightest punishment in Hell. al- Bukhari reports from al-Nu’maan ibn Basheer who said:
“I heard the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) say,

“The person who will have the least punishment among the people of Hell on the Day of Resurrection will be a man under the arch of whose feet will be placed a smouldering ember, and his brains will boil because of it.”

 

In another report also narrated by al-Bukhari from an-Nu’maan ibn Basheer, the Prophet (ﷺ) said,

“The person who will have the least punishment among the people of Hell on the Day of Resurrection will be a man under the arch of whose feet will be placed two smouldering embers, because of which his brains will boil like water boils in a mirjal [copper vessel] or qumqum [narrow necked vessel].”

(al-Bukhaari in Sahih, Kitaab ar-Raqaaq, Baab Sifaat al-Jannah wan-Naar, Fath al-Baari, 11/417, and Muslim in his Sahih, Kitaab al-Imaan, 1/196, no. 363)

 

According to a report narrated from an-Nu’man ibn Basheer by Muslim, the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

“The person who will have the least punishment among the people of Hell on the Day of Resurrection is a man who will be given shoes and laces of fire, because of which his brains will boil like water in a mirjal (copper vessel). He will not think that anyone could be more severely punished than himself, yet he will be the one with the lightest punishment”.

(Sahih Muslim, Kitaab al-Imaan, 1/196, no. 364; Muslim also reports from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri in the same chapter, no. 361)

 

al-Bukhari and Muslim both narrate from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri that he heard the Messenger of Allaah (saw) say, when his uncle Abu Talib was mentioned:

“Maybe my intercession will help him on the Day of Resurrection, so that he may be put in a shallow part of Hell, with fire reaching to his ankles and causing his brain to boil”.

(al-Bukhaari in Kitaab ar-Riqaaq, Baab Sifaat al-Jannah wan-Naar, Fath al- Baari, 11/417 and Muslim in Kitaab al-Imaam, Baab Shifa’at an-Nabi (saw), ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib, 1/195, hadith no. 360)

 

Many ayat confirm the different levels of punishment that will be given to the people of Hell:

 
“The hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the Fire..” (4:145)

 
“..and [the Sentence will be] on the Day that Judgement will be established [it will be said to the angels]: “Cast the people of Pharaoh into the severest Penalty!” (40:46)

 
“Those who reject Allaah and hinder [men] from the Path of Allaah, for them will We add penalty to penalty, for that they used to spread mischief [or corruption]”. (16:88)

 

al-Qurtubi said,

“This topic indicates that the kufr of the person who simply disbelieves is not like the kufr of a person who oppresses, disbelieves, rebels and disobeys. There is no doubt that the kuffaar will suffer different levels of punishment in hell, as is known from Qur’an and Sunnah. We know for certain that the punishment of those who oppressed and killed the Prophets and Muslims, and spread corruption and disbelief on earth, will not be the same as the punishment of those who simply disbelieved, but treated the Prophets and Muslims well.

 

Do you not see Abu Talib, how the Prophet (ﷺ) will bring him up to a shallow level of Hell, because he helped him, protected him and treated him well? The hadith narrated by Muslim from Samurah may be interpreted as referring to the kuffar, as there is a hadith about Abu Talib, or it may be interpreted as referring to those monotheists who will be punished”.

(at-Tadhkirah, p. 409)

 

 

Ibn Rajab said,

“Know that the different levels of punishment suffered by the people of Hell will be according to the levels of their deeds for which they entered Hell”.

Then he quotes the evidence for that, such as the words of Ibn ‘Abbas,

“The punishment of those who were extreme in their disbelief and spread corruption on earth, calling others to kufr, will not be like the punishment of those who did not do such things”.

Then Ibn Rajab says,

“Similarly, the punishments of the monotheists in Hell will be at different levels, according to their deeds. The punishment of those who were guilty of major sins (kabaa’ir) will not be like that of those who were guilty of minor sins (saghaa’ir). The punishment may be reduced for some of them because of other good deeds, or for whatever reason Allaah wills. Hence some of them may die in the Fire”.

(at- Takhweef min an-Naar, p. 142-143)

 

[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, pg 38-39]

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The Gates of Hell

June 15, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Allah has told us that Hell has seven gates, as He said:
“And surely, Hell is the promised place for them all. It [Hell] has seven gates, for each of these gates is a [special] class [of sinners] assigned”. (15:43-44)

 

Ibn Katheer commenting on this aayah, said:

“This means that each gate has been allotted its share of the followers of Iblees who will enter it, and the will not be able to avoid it. May Allaah protect us from it. Each will enter a gate according to his deeds, and will be assigned to a level of Hell according to his deeds.”

 

It was reported from ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (radiAllahu anhu) that he said, during a khutbah (sermon):

“The gates of Hell are such and-such”.

 

Abu Harun said,

“They are in layers, one above the other”.

 

It is reported that he also said,

“The gates of Hell number seven, one above the other. The first will be filled, then the second, then the third, until all of them are filled.”

(Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 4/162)

 

 

When the disbelievers come to Hell, its gates will be opened, and they will enter it, to remain there forever:

“And those who disbelieved will be driven to Hell in groups, till, when they reach it, the gates thereof will be opened [suddenly like a prison at the arrival of the prisoners]. And its keepers will say, “Did not the Messengers come to you from yourselves – reciting to you the Verses of your Rabb, and warning you of the Meeting of this Day of yours”. They will say, “Yes” but the Word of torment has been justified against the disbelievers”. (39:71)

 

 

After they are admitted, they will be told:

“Enter you the gates of Hell, to abide therein. And [indeed] what an evil abode of the arrogant!” (39:72)

 

These gates will be shut upon the evildoers, and they will have no hope of ever escaping from them after that, as Allah says, “But those who reject Our Signs, they are the [unhappy] Companions of the Left Hand. On them will be Fire vaulted over [all round].” (90:19-20)

 

Ibn ‘Abbaas said,

“vaulted” (literally: “shut over them”) means that the gates will be locked”.

al-Mujaahid pointed out that the word used (mu’sadah) is the word used in the dialect of Quraysh to mean “locked” or shut” (Tafseer Ibn Katheer 7/298)

 

In the Qur’aan Allah says:
“Woe to every [kind of] scandalmonger and backbiter, who piles up wealth and lays it by. Thinking that his wealth would make him last forever! By no means! He will be sure to be thrown into that which Breaks to Pieces. And what will explain to you that which breaks to pieces? The Fire of [the wrath of] Allaah, kindled [to a blaze], which mounts [right] to the heart. It shall be made into a vault over them, in columns outstretched.” (104:1-9)

 

 

Allaah  states that the gates of Hell will be locked behind them. Ibn Abbaas said,

“In columns outstretched” means that the gates will be stretched out”. ‘Atiyah said, “It is a pillar of iron”. Muqaatil said, “The gates will be closed firmly behind them and locked with a bolt of iron, so that the pain and heat will be intensified. The expression “stretched forth” applies to the “pillar”, meaning that the bolts with which the  gates are locked will be very long, because a long bolt is stronger than a short one”

(Ibn Rajab, at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.61)

 

The gates of Hell may be opened and closed before the Day of Judgement. The Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) told us that the gates of Hell are locked during the month of Ramadhan. at-Tirmidhi reported that Abu Hurayrah said the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“When the first night of Ramadhan comes, the Shayaateen and evil jinns are chained up. The gates of Hell are closed and not one of them is opened. The gates of Paradise are opened and not one of them is closed.”

(Ibid, p.66)

[al-Jannah wa an-Naar, page 10]

 

The Huge Size of the People of Hell

April 7, 2013 Leave a comment

 

When the People of Hell enter the Fire they will be huge in size, in a form that none can comprehend, except the One Who Created them.

 
According to a hadith narrated by Abu Hurayrah, the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“The distance between the shoulders of the Kaafir in Hell will be like three day’s travelling for a fast rider”

(Muslim, 4/290)

 
Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“The molar of the kaafir or the eye-tooth of the kaafir, will be like Uhud, and the thickness of his skin will be like a journey of three (days)”.

(Muslim, 4/2189, at-Tirmidhi, al-Haakim, Ibn Maajah and Ahmad)

 
Zayd ibn Arqam said,

“The man who is destined for Hell will become huge in preparation for it, so that one of his molars will be as big as Mount Uhud”.

This is narrated by Ahmad, who attributes it to the Prophet (saw) but Zayd did not state that he heard it from the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). (Silsilat al-Ahadith as-Sahihah, 4/131, al-Albaani said its isnaad is saheeh according to Ibn Maajah and Ahmad)

 
Abu Hurayrah reported that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“The kaafir’s skin will be forty-two cubits thick and his molar will be like Uhud and the space he occupies will be as wide as the distance between Makkah and Madinah.”

(at-Tirmidhi) (Mishkaat al-Masaabeeh 3/103, sahih hasan)

 
Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“The molar of the kaafir on the Day of Resurrection will be like Uhud, and the thickness of his skin will be seventy cubits.

 

His upper arm will be like al-Bayda’, his thigh will be like Warqaan and the space he occupies will be like the distance between me and ar-Rabdhah”

(al-Haakim and Ahmad – Silsilah al-Ahadith as-Sahihah, 4/94. al-Baydaa` could be the name of a mountain or it may refer to the well-known city in Morocco)

 
This increasing of the kaafir’s body size will increase his suffering and torment.

Commenting on the hadith narrated by Muslim on this subject, an-Nawawi said,

“All of this is in order to intensify the suffering, and all of this is possible for Allaah . We must believe in it, because the truthful (Prophet) has told us about it”

[Sharh an-Nawawi ‘alaa Muslim, 17/186].

 

Ibn Katheer in a comment on these hadith said,

“So that their punishment and suffering may be more severe, as Allaah the Severe in punishment says:

“…that they may taste the Penalty”. (4:46)

[Ibn Katheer, an-Nihayah, 2/139]

 

Related Link:

¶ Did you know Hell can Speak and See?

 

The Evil Deeds that Lead One to Hell by Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah)

April 1, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Sheikh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, may Allaah have mercy on him, was asked:

“What are the deeds of the people of Hell and what are the deeds of the people of Paradise?”

He replied,

“The deeds of the people of Hell are:

 

• associating partners in worship with Allaah
• disbelieving in His Messenger
• kufr (ingratitude, disbelief)
• hasad (malicious envy)
• lying
• treachery
• oppression and wrongdoing (dhulm)
• promiscuity
• backstabbing
• cutting off the ties of kinship
• cowardice at the time of jihad
• miserliness
• inconsistency between what is in one’s heart and the face one shows to people
• despairing of the mercy of Allaah 
• feeling secure from the plan of Allaah 
• panicking blindly at the time of crisis
• pride and extravagance at the time of plenty
• abandoning one’s duties towards Allaah 
• transgressing His limits
• violating His sanctity
• fearing a created being instead of the Creator
• showing off
• going against the Qur’aan and Sunnah in word or deed
• obeying a created being in some act of disobedience to the Creator
• blindly supporting falsehood
• mocking the signs of Allaah 
• rejecting the truth
• withholding knowledge and testimony that should be revealed
• witchcraft and magic
• disobeying one’s parents
• killing any soul forbidden by Allaah  except for reasons of justice
• consuming the wealth of the orphan
• riba (usury)
• desertion from the battlefield
• slandering the reputation of innocent, chaste, believing women”

(Yaqadhat uli al-I’tibar, p.222)

 
The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) mentioned all the sins that will lead one to Hell.

 

Muslim reports from ‘Iyadh bin Himaar that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, during a lengthy khutbah:

“..the people of Hell are five:

1] the weak who lack the power to (avoid evil);

 

2] the (carefree) who pursue (everything irrespective of whether it is good or evil) and who have no concern for their families or their wealth;

 

3] the dishonest people whose greed cannot be concealed even in the case of minor things;

 

4] and those who betray you, morning and evening, with regard to your family and your property.

 

5] He also mentioned misers, liars and those who are in the habit of abusing people and using obscene, foul language”.

(Muslim in Kitaab al-Jannah wa Sifaat Na’imihaa Baab as-Sifaat allaatee yu’raf bihaa fid-dunyaa ahl al-Jannah wa ahl an-Naar, 4/2197 no. 2865)

 

Related links:

 Did you know Hell can Speak and See?

         ¶ The Weak and Destitute Will Form the Majority in Paradise

 

The Weak and Destitute Will Form the Majority in Paradise

March 11, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Most of those who will enter Paradise will be the weak and destitute, whom people tend to ignore and care little about, but in the sight of Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) they are important, becuse they fear Him and worship Him faithfully and with humility.

 

Al-Bukhaari and Muslim report from Hareethah ibn Wahb that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“Shall I not tell you about the people of Paradise? They said, “Of course”. He said,

 

“Every weak and oppressed person; if he were to implore Allaah for anything, He would grant it to him.”

[Jaami’ al-Usool, 10/535]

 

 
An-Nawawi said, commenting on this hadith:

“It refers to those who others despise, scorn and oppress because of their weak position in this world.

 

What is meant is that most of the people of Paradise will be of this type, but it does not meant that all of them will be“.

[Sharh an-Nawawi alaa Muslim, 17/187]

 
Al-Bukhaari, Ahmad and Muslim reported from Usaamah ibn Zayd that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said:

“I stood at the gate of Paradise and saw that most of those who entered were the poor and destitute. The people of means were held back, whilst the people of Hell had been ordered into the Fire.

 

I stood by the gate of Hell, and saw that most of those who entered it were women”.

[Mishkaat al-Masaabih, 2/663 no 5233]

 

[[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, pg 73-74]

 

Related link:

• Did you know Hell can Speak and See?

• Beautiful conversation between Allah and the the Last Person to Enter Paradise

 

Did you know Hell can Speak and See?

March 1, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Whoever reads the descriptions of Hell in the Qur’aan and hadiths will discover that it is a creation that can see, speak and complain. The Qur’aan tells us that Hell will be able to see its people from afar when they are coming towards it, and it will start to utter terrifying cries that will indicate how much anger and hatred it feels towards these evildoers:

“When it [Hell] sees them from a far place, they will hear its raging and roaring”. (25:12)

 
Ibn Jareer reports that Ibn ‘Abbaas said:

“A man will be dragged towards Hell, which will shrink into itself. Allaah (subhanahu wata’ala) will say: “What is the matter with you?” It will say, “He is seeking refuge with you from me”. He will say, “Release My slave”. Another man will be dragged towards Hell and it will send out a gust of air like a mule snorting at a camel, then it will take in a gust of air and there will be no-one left except it will terrify him”.

(Ibn Katheer quoted this report in an-Nihaayah, 2/21, and said that its isnaad is saheeh).

 

 
Imaam Ahmad and at-Tirmidhi report from Abu Salih from Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“On the Day of Resurrection a neck will stretch forth from Hell; it will have two eyes to see, two ears to hear, and a tongue to speak. It will say, “I have been appointed to take care of three types of people:

1) every arrogant tyrant,

2) every person who called on some deity other than Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala)

3) and those who made pictures”

(at-Tirmidhi stated that this hadith was saheeh – at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.179, See also Jaami’ al-Usool, 10/518, the editor said its isnaad is hasan).

 

[Source: al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar]

The Location of Hell

September 22, 2011 Leave a comment

 

The scholars differ as to where Hell is located at present. Some say that it is in the lower earth, other say that it is in the heavens, and yet others refrain from discussing the matter at all. This last group is correct, because there are no sound and clear reports that define the location of Hell.

 

One of those who prefer not to discuss the matter at all is al-Haafidh as-Suyuti who said,

“Do not discuss Hell, i.e. do not discuss where it is located, for none knows this except Allah and I know of no hadeeth that I could rely on with regard to this issue”.

(Siddiq Hasan Khan, Yaqazah uli al-I’tibar, p.47)

 
Sheikh Waliullaah ad-Dahlawee says in, his ‘Aqeedah,

“There is no clear text which states their location (of Paradise and Hell). They are wherever Allah wishes them to be, and we cannot comprehend all the universes created by Allah” (ibid, p.47).

Siddeeq Hasan Khan says, commenting on these words,

“I say, that is the best and most cautious of opinions, inshaa’Allah” (ibid).

 

[al-Jannah wa an-Naar by Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar, page 10]

 

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