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Zaynab bint Jahsh: “0′ Allah’s Messenger! By Allah, I am not like your other wives”

November 26, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Zaynab [radiAllahu anha]  lived in the house of prophethood as a mother of the faithful. She was given to observing much fasting and night prayers; and she was a pious worshipper. The Messenger of Allah [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] would incline to her and keep her company frequently. She would incessantly mention her superiority over other wives of the Prophet [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] without hurting any of them.

 

She once told the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam),

“0′ Allah’s Messenger! By Allah, I am not like your other wives. There is none among your wives whose father, brother or family had not married her off to you except me. For, it is Allah, from above the heaven, Who married me off to you.”

[Sahih bukhari, 6984]

 

Whenever ‘A’ishah (radiAllahu anha) remembered her, she would invoke Allah’s mercy on her and describe her, especially concerning her stand during the incidence of slander saying,

“Allah protected her with abstention (i.e from wading into the matter).”

 

 

A’ishah [radiAllahu anha] also mentioned that the Messenger of Allah [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] said:

“The quickest of you to join me is the one with the longest hand.

[Muslim]

What did they understand from this statement?

‘A’ishah [radiAllahu anha] narrated that the Prophet’s wives would go to a wall and stretch up their hands in order to know which of them has the longest hand.

 

It would be noted that Zaynab [radiAllahu anha] was not tall but she was the first of the Prophet’s wives to die after him. It is then understood that what the Prophet [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] meant by long hand was charity and generosity.

 

It is related from ‘A’isha,

“The wives of the Prophet said to the Prophet,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ‘Which of us will be the first to join you?’

He said, ‘The one with the longest hand.’ They began to measure their hands and Sawda had the longest hand.

 

Later we understood that the one with the longest hand referred to giving sadaqa. She (Zaynab) was the first of us to meet him and she used to love to give sadaqa.'”

[Sahih bukhari, 1354]

 

And among the purest somces of income is the work done with one’s hands.

‘A’ishah [radiAllahu anha] said:

Zaynab [radiAllahu anha] was very proud with Allah’s Messenger. The Prophet [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] would frequently keep her company. She was given to performing fasting and prayer. She was a skilled craftswoman and she would give charity with the proceeds of her handiwork.

 

Ibn Sa’d reported on the authority of al-Qasim ibn Muhammad that Zaynab [radiAllahu anha] said when she was about to die,

“I have prepared my own shroud, and ‘Umar [radiAllahu anhu] is going to sent a shroud for me. So give out one of them in charity. And if you are able to also give my loin cloth in charity you can do so.”

 

‘Amrah bint ‘Abdur-Rahman al-Ansariyah had the following to tell us:

“Umar sent five Harranee cloths, each of them incensed. She was shrouded with them. Her sister, Hammah gave out the shroud she had prepared for her own burial in charity.”

 

 

‘Amrah narrated that she heard ‘Aishah (radiAllahu anha) said,

“The praiseworthy woman, the devoted worshipper and the refuge of the orphans and the widows is gone.”

 

Muhammad ibn K’ab al-Quradhi said:

“Zaynab bint Jahssh’s annual grant was twelve thousand. She took it only once and she started saying, ‘0’ Allah, do not let this money catch up with me next year because it is a trial.’ She then distributed it to her kith and kin and the needy.

 

When ‘Umar heard that, he said, ‘This is a blessed woman.’ He then sent greetings to her and said, ‘The news of what you have done have reached me.’

 

So he sent her one thousand dirham that would last her. But she treated the money as she did with the first.”

 

Zaynab [radiAllahu anha] died in year 20 A.H. at the age of fifty-three. ‘Umar [radiAllahu anhu] performed funeral prayer on her. May Allah be pleased with her and please her.

 

[Taken from: Women around the Messenger [sallallahu alaihi wasallam], pg  98-100]

 

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[Must read] The ‘aqeedah of Abul-Hasan al-Ash’ari, which he died believing

November 14, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Abul-Hasan al-Ash ‘ari stated:
This is a list of the beliefs to which the followers of the Hadith and the Sunnah adhere:

 

1– Belief in Allah, His angels and His Messengers, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

 
2– That Paradise is true and Hell is true, that the Hour will undoubtedly come, and that Allah will resurrect those who are in the graves.

 
3– Allah is above His Throne as He says: ~The Most Merciful rose over the Throne. (Qur’an 20: 5)

 
4– He has two hands, but we do not discuss how, as He says: ~I have created with Both My Hands.~ (Qur’an 38: 75)

 
5– He has two eyes, but we do not discuss how, as He says: ~Sailing under Our Eyes.~ (Qur’an 54: 14)

 
6– He has a Face, as He says: ~And there will remain the Face of your Lord, Owner of Majesty and Honour) (Qur’an 55: 27)
7– The names of Allah cannot be said to be something other than Allah, as the Mu’tazilites and Khawarij say.

 
8– They affirmed that Allah is All-Knowing, as He says: ~He has sent it down with His Knowledge) (Qur’an 4: 166) and: ~And no female conceives or gives birth except with His Knowledge. (Qur’an 35: 11)

 
9– They affirm that Allah can hear and see, and they do not deny that as the Mu’tazilites do.

 
10– They affirm that Allah has power or strength, as He says: ~Did they not consider that Allah Who created them was greater than them in strengthvs (Qur’an 41: 15)

 
11- They say that nothing happens on earth, good or evil, except what Allah wills.

 
12– Things happen by the will of Allah, as He says: ~And you do not will except that Allah wills. (Qur’an 81: 29) And as the Muslims say: What Allah wills happens and what He does not will does not happen.

 

13– They say that no one can do anything that Allah knows he is not going to do.

 
14– They affirm that there is no creator except Allah, and that people’s bad deeds are created by Allah  and that people’s actions are created by Allah, and that people are not able to create anything.

 
15– They say that the Qur’an is the word of Allah and is not created.

 
16– Whoever suggests that the uttered words of the Qur’an are created is an innovator in their view. It should not be said that the uttered words of the Qur’ an are created or not created.

 
17– They believe that Allah will be seen in a literal sense on the Day of Resurrection as the moon is seen on the night when it is full. The believers will see Him but the disbelievers will not see Him because they will be veiled from seeing Him. Allah says: ~No! Indeed, they [evil doers] will be veiled from seeing their Lord that Day) (Qur’an 83: 15). Moses asked Allah to let him see Him in this world, and Allah appeared to the mountain and made it collapse to dust (Qur’an 7: 143), so He showed him that he could not see Him in this world but he will see Him in the Hereafter.

 
18– They do not regard any Muslim as a disbeliever if he commits sin such as fornication, stealing and other major sins; they are believers even though they have committed major sins.

 
19– In their view, faith means believing in Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, the divine decree both good and bad, sweet and bitter, and that what has missed them would never  have befallen them and what has befallen them would never have missed them.

 

20– Islam means bearing witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, according to what it says in the Hadith, and in their view Islam is something different from iman (faith, belief).

 
21– They affirm that Allah is the Controller of the hearts.

 
22– They affirm the intercession of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and that it will be for those members of his Ummah who commit major sins; they affirm the torment of the grave, and that the cistern is true, the sirat is true and the Resurrection after death is true.

 
23– The Reckoning by Allah of His slaves is true and the standing before Allah (on the Day of Resurrection) is true.

 
24– They affirm that faith is both words and deeds; it may increase and decrease. They do not say that faith is created or not created.

 
25– They believe that the names of Allah are Allah.

The-aqeedah-of-Abu Hasan al ashari

26– They do not testify that anyone who commits a major sin will be in Hell, and they do not affirm that any individual among those who profess Islamic monotheism will be in Paradise. Rather Allah will put them wherever He wills. They believe that the matter is up to Allah: if He wills He will punish them and if He wills He will forgive them. They believe that Allah will bring some of those who profess tawheed out of Hell, according to what is mentioned in the reports from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam).

 
27- They denounce arguments about religion and disputes about the divine decree, and what the argumentative debate about  with regard to religious matters. They accept the sound reports which were transmitted by trustworthy narrators going all the way back to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), and they do not ask how or why, because that is innovation.

 

28– They believe that Allah did not enjoin evil; rather He forbade it and enjoined good. He does not approve of evil even though He wills it.

 
29– They acknowledge the rights of those whom Allah chose to accompany His Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam); they recognize their virtues and refrain from discussing the disputes that arose among them.

 
30– They give precedence to Abu Bakr, then ‘Umar, then ‘Uthman, then ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with them all).

 
31– They affirm that they are the Rightly-Guided Caliphs and the best of all people after the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam).

 
32– They believe in the hadiths which came from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) including: «Allah descends to the lowest heaven and says: Is there anyone who will ask forgiveness?» as the hadith came from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam).

 
33– They adhere to the Qur’ an and Sunnah as Allah says: ~And if you disagree over anything, refer it to Allah and His Messenger. (Qur’an 4: 59)

 
34– They believe in following the early generation of imams who did not introduce any innovation into their religion for which Allah did not give permission.

 
35– They affirm that Allah will come on the Day of Resurrection as He says: ~And your Lord comes, and the angels rank upon rank.} (Qur’an 89: 22)

 
36– And that Allah draws near to His creation however He wills, as  He says: ~And We are closer to him than his jugular vein [by Our Knowledge]. (Qur’an 50: 16)

 

37– They believe in offering Eid and congregational prayers behind any ruler, good or bad.

 
38- They affirm that wiping over the socks is Sunnah and is valid whether one is travelling or not.

 
39– They affirm that engaging in jihad against the polytheists is obligatory, from the time Allah sent His Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) until the last group fights the false Messiah and after that.

 
40– They believe that supplication should be said asking for the Muslim leaders to be guided aright, and that they should not rebel against them with the sword, and that they should not fight at times of fitnah.

 
41– They believe that the Dajjal will emerge and that ‘Eesa ibn Maryam (Jesus, son of Mary) will kill him.

 
42– They believe in Munkar and Nakeer, and in the miraculous ascent [of Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) to heaven], and in the visions seen in dreams.

 
43– And (they believe that) the benefit of supplication for deceased Muslims and charity given on their behalf after death will reach them.

 
44– They believe that there are practitioners of witchcraft in the world, and that the practitioner of witchcraft is a disbeliever as Allah says, and that magic or witchcraft exists in this world.

 
45– They believe in offering the funeral prayer for any Muslim who dies, whether he was righteous or otherwise, and that they may be inherited from.

 
46– They affirm that Paradise and Hell are created entities.

 

47– They affirm that everyone who dies, dies at his appointed time, and everyone who is killed, is killed at his appointed time.

 
48– They affirm that provision comes from Allah, Who gives provision to His slaves, whether it is halal or haram.

 
49– The devil whispers to people and instils doubt and confusion.

 
50– It may so happen that Allah chooses to single out some of the righteous for signs that appear at their hands.

 
51– The Sunnah does not abrogate the Qur’an.

 
52– With regard to children who die, it is up to Allah: if He wills He will punish them and if He wills He do whatever He wants with them.

 
53– Allah knows what His slaves will do and has decreed that it will happen, and all things are in the hands of Allah.

 
54– They believe in patience in adhering to < what Allah has enjoined and refraining from what He has forbidden; sincerity (towards Allah) in actions; sincerity towards the Muslims; worshipping Allah alongside those who worship Him; avoiding major sins, fornication, false speech, minor sins, pride, arrogance, looking down on people and self-admiration.

 
55– They believe in shunning everyone who promotes innovation.

 
56– They believe in occupying oneself with reading the Qur’ an, studying reports of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), acquiring knowledge and studying fiqh with humility and a good attitude, doing favours, refraining from causing harm, refraining from backbiting, gossip and troublemaking, and checking on food and drink.

 
57– This is a summary of what they enjoin, do and believe. Everything that has been mentioned of their beliefs we believe and follow also, and we have no help but that of Allah; He is  sufficient for us and is the best disposer of affairs; His help we seek and in Him we put our trust and to Him is the final destiny.

 

[al-Khamees, Muhammad, I’tiqad Ahl as-Sunnah As-hab al-Hadeeth Sharh jumlah ma Hakahu ‘anhum Abul-Hasan aI-Ash ‘ari wa Qarraruhu fee Maqalatihi, p. 11-171. Dr. al-Khamees undertook a study of these basic principles.]

 

Do you know the creature most loved by Allah?

August 29, 2013 Leave a comment

 

It is related that Ibn Mas’ud, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,

‘All creatures are dependants of Allah and the most beloved of creatures to Allah is the one who is best to his dependants.”

Al Ajluni said in Kash al Khafa (1220): “At-Tabarani related it in al-Kabir and al-Aswat, Abu Nuaym in Hilaya al Awliya and al-Bayhaqi in ash-Shiab as marfu from Ibn Masud [radiAllahu anhu]

 

 

Abu Nu’ayrn related it, as did Abu Ya’Ia, at-Tabarani, al Bazzar,  Ibn Abi Dunya, and others related it as marfu’ from Anas [radiAllahu anhu]

 

At-Tabarani related from Ibn Masud [radiAllahu anhu] as:

“The most beloved of creatures to Allah is the one who is of most benefit to his dependants.”

 

Ad-Daylami related it from Anas [radiAllahu anhu] as a Marfu report with the words:

“All creatures are dependants of Allah and under His protection, and the most beloved of creatures to Allah is the one who is best to his dependants.”

 

In the transmission of al-Askari from Ibn Umar [radiAllahu anhu] is that he said,

“It was asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, which person is most beloved to Allah?’ He answered, ‘The most beneficial of people to other people.”’

 
At-Tabarani has marfu report from Zayd ibn Khalid:

“The best  action is that which is beneficial, the best guidance is that which is followed, and the best of people is the one most beneficial to other people.”

It is attributed to Anas in ad-Durar by al-Bayhaqi in ash Shi’sb and Abu Ya’la with a weak isnad.

 

 

Ibn ‘Adi reported from Ibn Mas’ud [radiAllahu anhu] with the words:

“All creatures are dependants of Allah, and the most beloved of them to Him is the most beneficial to his dependants.”

An-Nawawi said in his Fatwas that it is a weak hadith because its  isnad contains Yusuf ibn ‘Atiyya, who the Imams agree is weak.

 

Al-Haflz ‘Abdu’l-Adhim al-Mundhiri related it marfu’ in his  Forty Hadiths from Anas as:

“All creatures are dependants of Allah, and the most beloved of His creation to Him is the one who is the most beneficial to his dependants. “

 

Abu ‘Abdullah as-Sulami reported in his exegesis:

“The dependants of Allah are the poor in need of Allah. All creatures are in need of Allah. He is the One who tends to them.”

 

The hadith has different paths of transmission which reinforce one another.
AI- ‘Askari said,

“These words are metaphorical and can be expanded on. It is as if since Allah is responsible for providing for His slaves and in charge of them so all creatures are like His dependants. Similar to that is the hadith which begins: “Allah has two families among mankind: the people of the Qur’an, who are the people of Allah … “

[Ibn Majah (215). Al-Albani says that it is sound]

 
How excellent are these words of Abu’I-Atahtyya:

Among the dependants of Allah the noblest in His Sight
is the one who is more generous to his dependants.
We have not seen any praise for someone who acts
more eloquent than his own actions.

 

Another said:

All creation are the dependants of Allah
and under His protection.
The one he loves the most
is the one kindest to his dependants.

 
At- Tayyibi, writing in ss-Seghit; said:

The best of the slaves of Allah
is the one most beneficial to them.
Every faqih has related this from the Companions.
The God of the Throne, may He be exalted,
helps the youth as long as he helps his brother

 

 

According to Ibn Hajar al-Makki in Fatawa al-Hadithiyya:
“The hadith which says:

‘Created beings are the dependants of Allah, and the most beloved of them to Him is the one who is the most beneficial to his dependants,’ is related by paths, all of which are weak.

 

 

One of them has, ‘All creatures are the dependants of Allah and under His protection, so the most beloved of creatures to Allah is the one who is best to his dependants, and the most hated of creatures to Allah is he one who is most inhibiting to his dependants.”

 

[Injustice and the Unjust, page-3-6]

 

Countering Tribulations with Righteous Deeds

June 27, 2013 Leave a comment

 

In places of Fitan and disasters, many people become occupied in following events and become over-enthusiastic in it. In addition, gatherings become filled with talk of  ‘I heard, I saw, I think, if it was like this it would have been better, if this was put first or if that was delayed it would have been more appropriate’ etc such that it takes away their concern for the recommended supererogatory acts and they perhaps fall short of the obligatory acts, or they delay the prayer from its set time due to them having spent the night in debates for example, or they abandon some of their livelihood or the rights of their wives and children.

 

Abu Hurayrah narrates that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said,

‘By (righteous) deeds, prepare for Fitan which is like a piece of the dark night wherein a man will wake up as a believer and pass the evening as a disbeliever, or wherein he will enter the evening as a believer and in the morning come as a disbeliever. He will sell his religion for a temporal gain of this World.’

[Sahih Muslim, al-Tirmidhi, Ahmad]

 

Al-Hasan al-Basri said regarding this narration,

‘A man will wake up prohibiting the blood, honour and wealth of his brother but he shall enter the evening making it permissible.

And he will pass the evening prohibiting the blood, honour and wealth of his brother but he shall come in the morning making it permissible.’

[Al-Tirmidhi]

 

Abu Hurayrah narrates that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) said,

‘Prepare for 6 things by doing (righteous) deeds: The Anti-Christ, the Smoke, the Beast of the Earth, the Rising of the Sun from the East, the matter of the masses and the personal issues of each of you.’

[Sahih Muslim]

 

Umm Salamah said,

‘The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam) woke up one night in a frightened state saying, ‘Subhanallah! What has Allah sent down from the Stores and what has come of Fitan? Who will wake up the people of the house – i.e. his wives – so that they may pray? Perhaps a clothed one in this world will be naked in the Hereafter.’

[Al-Bukhari]

 

Righteous good deeds are a means of remaining steadfast upon the Truth.

Allah Ta’ala said,

“…But if they had done what they were told, it would have been better for them, and would have strengthened their (Faith)”

[al-Nisa: 66]

 

[‘Basa’ir fil Fitan’, page-49]

 

Abu Bakr to his son: “I would not have veered away from you.”

June 20, 2013 Leave a comment

 

When the fighting began in earnest, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasallam left his command post and descended to the battlefield. Rousing his troops to fight bravely, the messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasallam proceeded to set an example for them by entering into the thick of the battle. He sallallahu alaihi wasallam fought intensely on that day, and throughout the battle, Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu remained close by his side, eager to fight any polytheist that appeared before him, even if that meant fighting against his own son.

 

For on that day, his son Abdur Rahmaan was fighting alongside the polytheists. Happily for Abdur Rahmaan, however his father did not see him that day on the battlefield.

 

Later on, when he embraced Islam, Abdur Rahmaan radiAllahu anhu said to his father,

“You appeared before me as a clear target on the Day of Badr. But I veered away from you, opting not to kill you.”

 

Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu replied, “But had you appeared before me as a clear target, I would not have veered away from you.”

[Taareekh al Khulafaa, by As-Suyootee, page94]

 

Few things to learn from the life of Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam)

May 6, 2013 Leave a comment

The Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) set out with Abu Bakr (radiAllahu anhu), seeking to gather intelligence about the Army of the Quraish. As they were patrolling the area, they came across an old man. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) asked him about the Quraish’s army, about Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and his Companions, and about the news he heard concerning both Groups.

The old man said, “I will not tell you until you first tell me who you are from?”

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “When you inform us (about what I asked), we will inform you (about what you asked).”

The old man said, “So it is a trade (of information), this for that?” The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Yes.”

The old man said, “It has indeed reached me that Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and his companions have left (Al Madeenah) on such and such day. And if the one who informed me about that was truthful, then they are today in such and such place,” which in fact was where the Muslim army was on that day.

“And it has reached me that the Quraish have left (Makkah) on such and such day. And if the one who informed me thereof was truthful, then today they are in such and such place,” which in fact was where the army of the polytheist was on that day.

The old man then said, “I have informed you about what you wanted to know, so now you tell me who you are from?”

The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) simply replied, “we are from water,” after which he (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and Abu Bakr (radiAllahu anhu) forthwith left the old man, who remained where he was, confused, saying to himself, “…….from the water of Iraq?”.

[Seerah ibn Hishaam (2/228)]

Benefits from this Incident:

1] Simplicity of Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) that although being a leader of Muslims  he himself used to go for Important task like Intelligence gathering. This special quality of his out of other many makes him superior to and differentiate him from other leaders of the world.

2] A lesson for othode who go into war. Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to gather Intelligence before any war. This shows the importance of Intelligence gathering as you can see in todays world. Whichever country has strongest intelligence agency, that country is  considered  to be the strongest. So before any attack, gather well the intelligence lest you cause yourself to fall into destruction.

3] Important task should be handed over to intelligent people.

a] Like in the above case, Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) asked the old man not only about Quraish but also about Himself so that it does not create any doubt in old man’s mind. Had he (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) asked only about Quraish,  definitely old man would have doubted Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) to be from anti-Quraish group and he would have hid the information which he later gave to Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam).

b] It is important to hide the information from leaking to any unknown person. When the old man asked Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) where he was coming from, he (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) did not lie but gave answer which was correct but it kept the identity secret, hence the mission secret as we know everything originated from water and this is what Prophet (sallallahu alaihi waallam) said that he came from water.

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