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Why only One God and not two or more than two gods? — Imam al-Tabari

September 11, 2017 Leave a comment

 

Our description has made it clear that the Creator and Originator of all things was before everything, that night and day and time and hours are originated, and that their Originator Who administers and manages them exists before them, since it is impossible for something to originate something unless its originator exists before it. (It is also clear that) God’s word:

“Don’t (the unbelievers) look at the camels (and reflect) how they were created, and at the heaven how it was raised, and at the mountains how they were set up, and at the earth how it was spread out flat? (Quran 88:17-20)

contains the most eloquent evidence and the most effective proofs for those who use reason to reflect and the mind to be instructed, that the Creator of all those things is eternal and that everything of their kind is originated and has a Creator that is not similar to them. That is because everything mentioned by our Lord in this verse, the mountains, the earth, the camels, is dealt with and administered by man, who may move it around and manage it, who may dig, cut, and tear down, none of which he is prevented from doing. Yet, beyond that, man is not able to bring anything of that into existence without a basis (to work from).

 

The conclusion is that the one who is incapable of originating those things could not have originated himself and that the one who is not prevented from managing and organizing whatever he wishes could not have been brought into existence by someone like himself and he did not bring himself into existence. Further, the One Who brought (man) up and gave him substantial (‘ayn) existence is the One Who is not incapable of (doing) anything He wishes, and He is not prevented from originating anything He wants. He is “God Unique and Forceful.” (Quran 12:39)

 

Someone might ask:

Why should it be disapprovable to assume that the things you have mentioned result from the action of two eternal (beings)?

The reply would be:

We disapprove of that because we find that the administration is continuous and the creation perfect. We say:

If the administrators were two, they would necessarily either agree or disagree. If they agree, the two would conceptually be one, and the one would be made two merely by positing two.

If they differ, it would be impossible to find the existence of the creation perfect and (its) administration continuous. For each one of two who differ does what is different from what his fellow does . If one gives life, the other causes death . If one of them produces existence, the other produces annihilation . It would thus be impossible for anything in creation to exist in the perfection and continuity it does.

God’s words: “If there were other gods except God in (heaven and earth), both would be ruined. Praised be God, Lord of the Throne, (who is above) what they describe“; (Quran 21:22) and: “God has not taken to Himself a child , and there has been no god together with Him. Otherwise, each god would have gone off with what he created and risen over the others. Praised be God (who is above) what they describe. He knows what is unseen and what is observable, and He is exalted above their associating (other gods with Him)” (Quran 23:91) -these words of God are the most eloquent evidence and the most concise explanation as well as the most effective proof for the falsehood of those falsehood-mongers who associate (other gods) with God.

 

That is because, if there were another god except God in the heavens and the earth, the condition of the two as to agreement and disagreement would necessarily be the one I have described. Saying that there may be agreement implies that saying they are two is wrong. It confirms the oneness of God and is an absurd statement in as much as the one who makes it calls the one two. Saying that there may be disagreement indicates ruin for the heavens and the earth, as our Lord says : “If there were other gods except God in them, both would be ruined.” (Quran 21:22) For if one originates and creates something, it would be the other’s business to put it out of existence and invalidate it. That is because the actions of two who differ are different, just as fire that warms and snow that cools what fire has warmed.

 

Another argument (would be this):

If it were (true) as those who associate other gods with God say, each one of the two whom they consider as eternal would necessarily be either strong or incapable.

 

If both were incapable , each one, being incapable, would be defeatable and not be a god.

 

If both were strong, each one of them, by virtue of being incapable of subduing the other, would be incapable and being incapable would not be a god.

 

If each one of them were strong enough to subdue the other, he, by virtue of the strength of the other to subdue him in turn, would be incapable. God is above the association of other gods with Him!

 

It has thus become clear that the Eternal One, the Creator and Maker of all things is the One Who existed before everything and Who will be after everything, the First before everything and the Last after everything. He existed when there was no momentary and extended time, no night and no day, no darkness and no light except the light of His noble face, no heaven and no earth, no sun and no moon and no stars. Everything but He is originated, administered and made. He alone by Himself created everything without an associate, helper, and assistant . Praised be He as powerful and forceful!

 

[The history of al-Tabari, vol. 1, pg. 218-220]

 

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Refutation of Qasidah Burdah (The Poem of Scarf of Al-Busairi) by Shaykh Jameel Zeeno |Part 2|


 

Click Here for Part 1

 

Busairi writes in chapter 5:

Whenever time caused me any distress and I took refuge in him.

I received shelter from him which was not misused.

 

Refutation:

Busairi is saying:

Whatever disease and distress has afflicted and stricken me, I beseeched and asked from the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) for the cure and healing. So, for the relief of my distress no one but the Messenger of Allah cured me and relieved me.

 

Whereas, Allah says in the Quran- Ibrahim (Alaihis Salam) said:

“And when I am ill, it is He who cures me.” [Surah Shuara Ayah 80]

 

Allah, the Most High says:

And if Allah touches you with harm, none can remove it but He, and if He touches you with good, then He is able to do all things. (Surah An’am verse 17)

 

The Messenger of Allah Muhammed (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

If you ask then ask from Allah, and if you seek help then seek it from Allah.

(Jaami Tirmidhi, Book 35, chapter 59, Hadith 2516, classed as Hasan Saheeh by Imam Tirmidhi in His Jaami)

 

Grave of Busairi where now people commit Shirk

Grave of Busairi where now people commit Shirk

 

In chapter Nine, Busairi writes:

For verily I have a security from Him due to My Name

(Being) Muhammed, while he is the most faithful of Mankind in fulfilling his promise.

 

Refutation:

Busairi is saying:

Indeed I have a promise with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasallam that he will enter me into Paradise, because of my name being Muhammed.

From where did he get this Promise and guarantee? We know many people who are transgressors and communists from amongst the Muslims whose name is Muahmmed. Is naming somebody with the name Muhammed a justification for them to enter into Paradise?

 

Whereas Messenger of Allah( sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said to his beloved Daughter Fatima (RadiAllahu anha): Ask me of what I have anything you wish; I possess nothing with which to protect you from Allah.

[Saheeh Bukhari, Book 55, chapter 11, Hadith 2753]

 

 

In chapter Ten, Busairi writes:

Perhaps the Mercy of My Lord when distributed.

Would be distributed in proportion to the Sins.

 

Refutation:

This is [Everything] but truthful and authentic. If the mercy of Allah brings distribution accordingly to the degree of Sins committed as indicated by the Busairi in the aforementioned poem, then as a result, it would be incumbent upon the Muslim to increase in his or her sinning until they obtain more from the mercy of Allah. This is something that no Muslim or any intellectual person could say, because without doubt, it contradicts the statements of Allah:

“Surely, Allah’s mercy is (ever) near unto the good-doers”

(Surah Araf ayah 56)

 

And also His statement:

My mercy encompasses all things.” So I will decree it [especially] for those who fear Me and give zakah and those who believe in Our verses –

(Surah Araaf ayah 156)

 

 

In chapter Three, Busairi writes:

How can the necessities of such a noble personality incline him toward this world.

For had it not been for him this world would not have come out of non existence.

 

Refutation:

Busairi is Saying:

Had it not been for the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam, this world would not have been created? [ i.e this world was created for the Messenger of Allah.]

 

Allah, the Most High proves Busairi to be Liar and states:

I did not create Jinn and Mankind except that they should worship Me alone

[Surah 51verse 56]

 

Even the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasallam was created for the sole purpose of worshipping Allah alone and calling to this, Allah states commanding the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam):

And worship your Lord until there comes to you the certainty (death).

[Surah: 15 Ayah: 99]

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Source: Majmu’ah Rasaail at-Tawjeehaat al-Islaamiyyah li-Islaahil-fard wal-Mujtama by Shaykh Jameel Zeeno, vol. 2, page 227. Translated by Zulfikar Ibrahim Al-Memoni Al-Atharee.

Refutation of Qasidah Burdah (The Poem of Scarf of Al-Busairi) by Shaykh Jameel Zeeno |Part 1|

January 25, 2013 4 comments

 

A Short Introduction of the Poet Al-Busairi:

He is Muahmmed bin Saeed al Busairi because of his ascription to his town, Abu Sayr in Egypt. He was born in the year 608 AH and busied himself with Sufism. He was a writer even though he had very limited knowledge with regards to this profession. He was neither a Scholar nor a Jurist, nor was he known to be pious or worshiper. He was hated among his people because of eloquently speaking insolently about the people. He was also known for excessively asking [for money] from people. As a result of this, he would support the Muslim ruler regardless whether Muslim ruler was upon truth or upon falsehood. He died in the Year 695AH . Refer to the Deewan of Al Busairi with the editing of Muhammed Sayyid Kaylaanee page 44-45.

 

busairi

The Grave of Busairi, which is now a shrine and place where commit Shirk.

 

Qasidah Burdah is famous among Sufis (Deobandis and Barelwis) who claim to follow Imam Abu Haneefah (Rahimahullah).  Let us see what this Qasidah Burdah has to teach.

 

 

Busairi says in chapter 10 of his poem, the Poem of Scarf:

Most generous of Mankind, I have no one to take refuge in;

Except you at occurrence of widespread calamity.

 

Refutation:

The Poet Busairi is calling and seeking the help and aid of Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasallam and is saying to the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam:

‘I cannot find anyone to take refuge and shelter with at the time of general calamities and hardship except with you.’

 

 

This is classified as being Major Polytheism (Ash Shirkul Al-Akbar), which regulates the violator to remain and be destined to the Hell-Fire for eternity if he does not repent from it;

hence the statement of Allah:

And do not invoke besides Allah that which neither benefits you nor harms you, for if you did, then indeed you would be of the wrongdoers (Dhalimoon).'” (Surah Yunus Ayah 106)

 

The word Dhalimoon means:

the Polytheist and wrongdoers because associating partners with Allah is a great Dhulm, Wrong.

 

The Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

Anyone who dies invoking others along with Allah definitely enter Hell-Fire.

(Saheeh Bukhari, Book 65, chapter 22, Hadeeth no.4497).

 

 

 

Then Busairi Says further,

For verily amongst your bounties is this world, and the Hereafter.

 

 

Refutation:

This is the Denial of Quran in which Allah has  stated:

And indeed, to Us belongs the Hereafter and the first [life].

(Surah Al Lail Ayah no. 13)

Therefore this world and the hereafter are both from Allah and from His Creation. It is not from amongst the bounties and generosity of the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam, and it is not that he Sallallahu alaihi wasallam created them so that they are from his creation.

Busairi going ahead and says,

And part of your knowledge is  knowledge of the Preserved Tablet (Lowh), and the Pen.

Refutation:

The Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wasallam did not know anything that is part of  the Preserved Tablet, because nobody has any knowledge of it except Allah, Alone. This is in reality an overtstated praise and exxageration directed at the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam as far as to deem and believe that this world and the Hereafter are amongst the bounties and generosity of the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu alaihi wasalllam. Furthermore, the poem attributes, the he Sallallahu alaihi wasallam knows the knowledge of the Unseen that is in Preserved Tablet, and that whatever is in Preserved Tablet is from amongst the knowledge of Messenger of Salllallahu alaihi wasallam.

This exxageration has been warned against by the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam and he forbade us from exxagerating and overpraising him, as he Sallallahu alaihi wasallam said:

“Do not praise me excessively as the Christians did to Isa the son of Maryam; verily , I am only a slave, so call me instead the slave of Allah and His messenger. “

( Saheeh Bukhari, Book 60, chapter 48, Hadeeth 3445).

Source: Majmu’ah Rasaail at-Tawjeehaat al-Islaamiyyah li-Islaahil-fard wal-Mujtama by Shaykh Jameel Zeeno, vol. 2, page 227. Translated by Zulfikar Ibrahim Al-Memoni Al-Atharee.

 

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