Posts Tagged ‘Quran’

Allah commanded Yahya bin Zakariya to implement five commands – Tafsir Ibn Kathir

March 11, 2018 Leave a comment


Imam Ahmad narrated that Al-Harith Al-Ash`ari said that the Prophet of Allah said,

(Allah commanded Yahya bin Zakariya to implement five commands and to order the Children of Israel to implement them, but Yahya was slow in carrying out these commands. `Isa said to Yahya, `You were ordered to implement five commands and to order the Children of Israel to implement them. So either order, or I will do it.’ Yahya said, ‘My brother! I fear that if you do it before me, I will be punished or the earth will be shaken under my feet.’ Hence, Yahya bin Zakariya called the Children of Israel to Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem), until they filled the Masjid. He sat o­n the balcony, thanked Allah and praised him and then said, `Allah ordered me to implement five commandments and that I should order you to adhere to them.


1. The first is that you worship Allah alone and not associate any with Him. 

The example of this command is the example of a man who bought a servant from his money with paper or gold. The servant started to work for the master, but was paying the profits to another person. Who among you would like his servant to do that Allah created you and sustains you. Therefore, worship Him alone and do not associate anything with Him


2. I also command you to pray, for Allah directs His Face towards His servant’s face, as long as the servant does not turn away. So when you pray, do not turn your heads to and fro.


3. I also command you to fast.

The example of it is the example of a man in a group of men and he has some musk wrapped in a piece of cloth, and consequently, all of the group smells the scent of the wrapped musk. Verily, the odor of the mouth of a fasting person is better before Allah than the scent of musk.


4. I also command you to give charity.

The example of this is the example of a man who was captured by the enemy. They tied his hands to his neck and brought him forth to cut off his neck. He said to them, ‘Can I pay a ransom for myself’ He kept ransoming himself with small and large amounts until he liberated himself.


5. I also command you to always remember Allah.

The example of this deed is that of a man who the enemy is tirelessly pursuing. He takes refuge in a fortified fort. When the servant remembers Allah, he will be resorting to the best refuge from Satan.)


Al-Harith then narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said,

(And I order you with five commandments that Allah has ordered me.

  1. Stick to the Jama`ah (community of the faithful),
  2. listen and obey (your leaders) and
  3. perform Hijrah (migration) and
  4. Jihad for the sake of Allah.
  5. Whoever abandons the Jama`ah, even the distance of a hand span, will have removed the tie of Islam from his neck, unless he returns. Whoever uses the slogans of Jahiliyah (the pre-Islamic period of ignorance) he will be among those kneeling in Jahannam (Hellfire).)


They said, “O Messenger of Allah! Even if he prays and fasts” He said, (Even if he prays, fasts and claims to be Muslim. So call the Muslims with their names that Allah has called them: `The Muslims, the believing servants of Allah.’)


This is a Hasan Hadith, and it contains the statement, “Allah has created and sustains you, so worship Him and do not associate anything with Him in worship.” This statement is relevant in the Ayat (2:21-22) we are discussing here and supports singling Allah in worship, without partners.


[Tafsir ibn Kathir, vol. 1]


Was the Quran contrived from previous scriptures?

November 2, 2014 Leave a comment


1- Had the Qur’an been contrived from previously revealed scriptures, Muhammad’s [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] adversaries would not have ignored the matter and remained silent. They would undoubtedly have seized the opportunity to accuse him to that effect. All their allegations were unfounded and lacked proof. The Qur’an itself has already mentioned these allegations and their refutations.


2- The Qur’an includes many laws, rulings, instructions, and commands which did not exist in the previous scriptures. Furthermore, the Qur’an contains narratives with detailed accounts of previous generations in addition to prophecies which were fulfilled. An example of this was the final outcome of the conflict between the Romans and the Persians, the events of which were unknown to Muhammad, his people, or the followers of Judaism and Christianity.


3- The Qur’an urged people to acquire knowledge and to respect the human mind and intellect. Accordingly, based on Islam’s new teachings and rulings, the Muslims were able, in a very short time, to establish a civilization which replaced the preceding civilizations and flourished for many centuries. Had the Qur’an been compiled from the previous divine religions, why then did these religions not include the aforementioned precepts and teachings and did not play the same role as Islam?



4- The Qur’an is a Book whose style is consistent and eloquent. Had it been compiled from other scriptures it would have been incoherent, contradictory, and inconsistent due to the alleged various sources.

“…Had it been from other than God, they would surely have found therein much discrepancy.” [4/82]


Moreover, the Qur’an always addresses one’s sense and reasoning and does not include fables or myths. It relies upon evidence and facts and demands the same of its adversaries:

“Produce your proof, if you are truthful”. [2/11 and 27/64]

This approach is considered a completely new approach and does not exist in any previous scripture.



5- It is evident that Islam completely rejected the evil beliefs of paganism, its way of life, and its brutal traditions and replaced them with true faith and a life of virtue. Where then is the Pagan culture that Islam has been falsely accused of adopting from Pre-Islamic Paganism?


Quran Teacher Should Not Seek a Worldly Objective When Teaching Quran

September 22, 2014 Leave a comment


The teacher must not make his intentions [to teach] for the purpose of attaining some worldly objective, such as wealth, leadership, influence, rising above his peers, gaining people’s praise, or drawing their attention to himself. One does not dishonor his teaching of [the Quran ] by hoping to obtain some favor-by way of an [influential] student who recites to him-whether the favor is in the form of property or some service, however small, or even a gift that he would not have received had it not been for [his] student reciting to him.


Allah, Most High says,

Whoever seeks the harvest of the Hereafter, We shall increase his harvest; and whoever seeks the harvest of this world, We shall give him of it here, but in the Hereafter he will have no portion

(Quran, 42:20);

Whoever desires the immediate [gains of this world], We hasten what We will to whomever We will

(Quran, 1 7:18).


Abu Huraira (radiAllahu anhu) stated that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“Whoever learns knowledge by which one [customarily] seeks the pleasure of Allah Most High but learns it in order to obtain one of this world’s riches, he will not find the scent of Paradise on the Day of Judgment.”

[Abu Dawud (3664), Ibn Majah (252), Ahmad (2:338 ), al-Hakim (1:85 ), Ibn Hibban (89).]


Anas, Hudhayfa, and Ka’b ibn Malik (radiAllahu anhum ajmaeen) stated that the Messenger of Allah [sallallahu alaihi wasallam]  said,

“Whoever seeks knowledge so that he can contest fools, vie with the scholars, or attract attention toward himself occupies his seat in the Fire.”

[Tirmidhi (26 5 2, 265 3 ), Ibn Majah ( 247), Darimi (388).]


[Etiquette with the Quran by Imam an-Nawawi, page- 38]


Studying the Quran as a Source of Culture and Knowledge

August 7, 2014 Leave a comment


The Quran contains a great deal of information about the prophets who appeared before the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon them) as well as the different peoples who were destroyed because of their refusal to obey Allah’s laws.

If someone wanted to learn about such people as a matter of culture and learning, one can find this needed information in the Quran. Obviously, the historical information stated in the Quran is not meant to teach the Muslims history but is meant for much more than that, as shall be noted below. As Murad advised,

Do not read it merely for intellectual pursuit and pleasure; even though you must apply your intellect to the full to the task of understanding the Quran. So many people spend a lifetime in studying the language, style, history, geography, law and ethics of the Quran, and yet their lives remain untouched by its message. The Quran frequently refers to people who have knowledge but do not derive benefit from it.

[Khurram Murad, Way to the Quran (Leicester, UK: The Islamic Foundation, 1 985), p. 28.]



In fact, in the history of Islam, many people got distracted by delving into this aspect of the Quran in great detail. They attempted to discover all of the details that they could about the people that Allah talks about in the Quran. That is why one can find in some of the books of Quranic commentary discussions of the following issues: the type of tree from which Adam ate, the type of wood Noah used to build his ark, the names and types of birds that Abraham killed and were brought back to life, the names of the Companions of the Cave as well as the name of their dog, the price for which Joseph was sold, the name of the ruler who debated with Abraham and numerous other details that Allah has left unmentioned in the Quran.

[Ibn Katheer, Tafseer al-Quran al-Adheem, p . 14]




None of that type of information was necessary as everything that the Muslims need for guidance is contained in the Quran. Unfortunately, many did not grasp this point and turned to unauthentic sources to discover the history of the prophets and people mentioned in the Quran. Regrettably, much of the unauthentic information they uncovered found its way into many of the commentaries on the Quran.



Included in this category of people could be those who read the Quran simply for its linguistic and artistic beauty. They tum to the Quran to read pure and beautiful Arabic and to study the prose of the Arabic language. Or, perhaps, they study the Quran as a type of art. Their Quranic study does not go beyond that; therefore, they miss the true purpose of the Quran.


[How to approach and understand the Quran by Jamal al Din Zarabozo, page 88-89]

Evocation of the Jinn to Bring Out Hidden Treasures

December 16, 2013 Leave a comment


Question: There are those who evoke the Jinn by means of mysterious magical sayings in order to get them to bring out treasures hidden in the village for a long time. What is the ruling on such practice?



This practice is not allowed, for the magical words with which they evoke and employ the Jinn are often not void of Shirk. To show how serious it is, Allah says, “…Lo! Whose ascribeth  partners unto Allah, for him Allah hath forbidden Paradise. His abode is the Fire. For evildoers there will be no helpers.” [Maida Sura, Ayah 72]

Dealing with those people tempts as well as makes them conceited. They are conceited to believe in themselves as being right in what they are doing. They are tempted as a result of the amount of money they get. Therefore, they must be boycotted, and Muslims must be alerted to their reality and advised not to deal with them.

Those people are most probably charlatans who want to deceive people and take their money unlawfully. They make haphazard guesses, which my coincide with Allah’s destiny; if this happens, they spread the news of their claimed success. If their guesses do not materialize, they make up all sorts of excuses.

My advice to such people who have been involved in this evil affair is: beware lying to people and taking their money unlawfully and beware Shirk. Life on earth does not last long, and on Justice Day judgment is tough. You have no choice but to repent and beg Allah to forgive you for what you have been doing. You have to correct your acts and purify your wealth; success is only with Allah.

[Ifta’a Permanent Committee, Fatwas on Treatment Using the Qur’an and the Sunnah, Ruqyas and Related Issues, by Ibn-Baz and Ibn-Uthaimeen, p. 70-71]

Story of Al-Khansa’ bint ‘Amr [RadiAllahu anha]

December 5, 2013 Leave a comment


Ibn ‘Abdul-Barr reported in his book al-Istee’ab:

“AI-Khansa’ bint ‘Amr [radiAllahu anha] witnessed the battle of Qadisiyah with her four sons. She addressed them on the eve of the battle and said,

‘My sons! You embraced Islam and migrated willingly. By Allah besides Whom there is no other deity worthy of being worshipped, you are all sons of one man as you are sons of one woman. I have never cheated on your father. Never have I brought disgrace upon your uncle, disparaged your esteem or altered your lineage. You know the great and abundance reward that Allah has set aside for the Muslims who fight against the disbelievers. Know that the everlasting abode is better than this transient one.


Allah says:

O you who believe! Endure and be more patient [than your enemy], and guard your territory by stationing anny units pennanently at the places from where the enemy can attack you, and fear Allah, so that you may be successful

(Qur ‘an 3: 200)


When you wake up tomorrow morning sound and healthy by Allah’s leave, go and fight against your enemy with sure understanding and seek Allah’s help over His enemies. When you see that the war has become tense, engage yourselves in the fight gallantly and resiliently that you may attain treasures and honour in the Abode of Eternity.’ “


After this statement of al-Khansa’, I or any other creature, for that matter, has nothing better to say! Her statement is beyond any comments as it is amply comprehensive.
The narrator proceeds:

“So her sons left having accepted her admonition and determined to implement her words. When the morning came, they set out on to the battlefield early and they all fought gallantly and courageously until they were martyred one after another.


And the news of their martyrdom came to al-Khansa’! But what did she say?
Here is where the greatness of this woman manifested most. When she heard this news, she forgot her poetry, her beauty, her place among her people and all any other thing. She remembered nothing but elevation to the peak of glory and the greatness of Islam and Eeman. She (radiAllahu anha) said,

All praise is due to Allah Who honoured me with their martyrdom. And I hope that my Lord will make me join them in the Abode of His Mercy!'”

It is noteworthy to add that the commander of the faithful, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab [radiAllahu anhu] used to give al-Khansa'[radiAllahu anha] the entitlement of her four martyred sons, two hundred dirhams annually, in the name of each of them, until she died.


May Allah have mercy on al-Khansa’, the poetess! May Allah be pleased with this believing and patient lady!


[Al-Istee ‘ab, vol. 4, p. 288]

Raqis without Religious Academic Qualifications

December 2, 2013 Leave a comment



A controversy has arisen regarding who is qualified to recite the Qur‘an for Ruqyas. Some argued that none but those who have Shari‘ah knowledge must be allowed to perform Ruqyas. Others argued that being able to recite the Qur‘an and having a sound faith, righteousness and piety are sufficient qualifications for Ruqya performance. Could you explain the Islamic ruling regarding this issue? May Allah reward you.



The ruling in this regard is that Ruqyas are valid if performed by those whose faith is sound, whose deeds and behaviour are good and who can recite and understand the Qur‘an well, without having to possess knowledge or practice of Shari‘ah.


This can be implied from Abu Saeed‘s story of the man who treated with Ruqya a person stung by a scorpion. AbuSaeed mentioned that the man was not known to have performed Ruqyas before.


Also, the Raqi should purify his intention, should have the interests of patients at heart and should not be concerned with making money so that treatment can be most beneficial.


A Fatawa by Al-Jibreen, signed by him

%d bloggers like this: