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Posts Tagged ‘Sahih Al-Bukhari’

Do the devils die?

December 27, 2013 Leave a comment

 

There is no doubt that the jinn, and the devils among them, do die. The following Quranic verse applies to them,

“Everyone that is therein will pass away; There remains but the countenance of your Lord of Might and Glory. Which is it, of the favors of your Lord, that you deny?

” (al-Rahmaan 26-28).

 

 

In Sahih al-Bukhari it is reported from Ibn Abbas that the Prophet used to say

“I seek refuge, by your Glory, the One, whom there is no other god but You, the One who does not die, and the jinn and mankind do die.”

 

Concerning the length of their lives, we do not know much except what Allah has said concerning the accursed Satan who has been given respite and life until the Day of Judgment. Allah says

“He said: Reprieve me till the day when they are raised (from the dead). He said: Lo! you are of those reprieved”

(AI-Asaaf 14-15).

 

 

Concerning other jinn or devils, we do not know their lifespans. But we do know that their lifespans are longer than that of the humans.

 

Further evidence that they do die is the report that Khaalid ibn Waleed killed the devil of al-Uza (a tree that the Arabs used to worship).

And a Companion killed a jinn that took the shape of a serpent.

 

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Zaynab bint Jahsh: “0′ Allah’s Messenger! By Allah, I am not like your other wives”

November 26, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Zaynab [radiAllahu anha]  lived in the house of prophethood as a mother of the faithful. She was given to observing much fasting and night prayers; and she was a pious worshipper. The Messenger of Allah [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] would incline to her and keep her company frequently. She would incessantly mention her superiority over other wives of the Prophet [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] without hurting any of them.

 

She once told the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam),

“0′ Allah’s Messenger! By Allah, I am not like your other wives. There is none among your wives whose father, brother or family had not married her off to you except me. For, it is Allah, from above the heaven, Who married me off to you.”

[Sahih bukhari, 6984]

 

Whenever ‘A’ishah (radiAllahu anha) remembered her, she would invoke Allah’s mercy on her and describe her, especially concerning her stand during the incidence of slander saying,

“Allah protected her with abstention (i.e from wading into the matter).”

 

 

A’ishah [radiAllahu anha] also mentioned that the Messenger of Allah [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] said:

“The quickest of you to join me is the one with the longest hand.

[Muslim]

What did they understand from this statement?

‘A’ishah [radiAllahu anha] narrated that the Prophet’s wives would go to a wall and stretch up their hands in order to know which of them has the longest hand.

 

It would be noted that Zaynab [radiAllahu anha] was not tall but she was the first of the Prophet’s wives to die after him. It is then understood that what the Prophet [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] meant by long hand was charity and generosity.

 

It is related from ‘A’isha,

“The wives of the Prophet said to the Prophet,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ‘Which of us will be the first to join you?’

He said, ‘The one with the longest hand.’ They began to measure their hands and Sawda had the longest hand.

 

Later we understood that the one with the longest hand referred to giving sadaqa. She (Zaynab) was the first of us to meet him and she used to love to give sadaqa.'”

[Sahih bukhari, 1354]

 

And among the purest somces of income is the work done with one’s hands.

‘A’ishah [radiAllahu anha] said:

Zaynab [radiAllahu anha] was very proud with Allah’s Messenger. The Prophet [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] would frequently keep her company. She was given to performing fasting and prayer. She was a skilled craftswoman and she would give charity with the proceeds of her handiwork.

 

Ibn Sa’d reported on the authority of al-Qasim ibn Muhammad that Zaynab [radiAllahu anha] said when she was about to die,

“I have prepared my own shroud, and ‘Umar [radiAllahu anhu] is going to sent a shroud for me. So give out one of them in charity. And if you are able to also give my loin cloth in charity you can do so.”

 

‘Amrah bint ‘Abdur-Rahman al-Ansariyah had the following to tell us:

“Umar sent five Harranee cloths, each of them incensed. She was shrouded with them. Her sister, Hammah gave out the shroud she had prepared for her own burial in charity.”

 

 

‘Amrah narrated that she heard ‘Aishah (radiAllahu anha) said,

“The praiseworthy woman, the devoted worshipper and the refuge of the orphans and the widows is gone.”

 

Muhammad ibn K’ab al-Quradhi said:

“Zaynab bint Jahssh’s annual grant was twelve thousand. She took it only once and she started saying, ‘0’ Allah, do not let this money catch up with me next year because it is a trial.’ She then distributed it to her kith and kin and the needy.

 

When ‘Umar heard that, he said, ‘This is a blessed woman.’ He then sent greetings to her and said, ‘The news of what you have done have reached me.’

 

So he sent her one thousand dirham that would last her. But she treated the money as she did with the first.”

 

Zaynab [radiAllahu anha] died in year 20 A.H. at the age of fifty-three. ‘Umar [radiAllahu anhu] performed funeral prayer on her. May Allah be pleased with her and please her.

 

[Taken from: Women around the Messenger [sallallahu alaihi wasallam], pg  98-100]

 

Touching the Painful Spot During the Ruqya

October 24, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Question:

 
There is someone who performs legal Ruqyas in accordance with Prophet Muhammad‘s Sunnah, as mentioned by Ibn-Taimiyah and Ibn-Al-Qayyim. The patients receiving his Ruqyas suffer from physical diseases, such as cancer and ulcers. That Raqi (performer of Ruqyas) recites some Qur‘anic verses, Ruqyas proven to have been recited by Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم and other practiced Ryquas that are Islamically Valid. After locating the painful spot, the Raqi does what the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم used to do when performing Ruqyas unto his own family: he recites the Ruqyas, does Nafth (puffing out breath with little saliva) into his right hand, and rubs the painful spot while uttering these prayers; ―O Allah, Lord of mankind! I beg You to remove the suffering. I beg You, as you are the Healer, and there is no healing but yours, to bring about a healing that leaves behind no ailment. [1] On another occasion, when Uthman Ibn-Abil-Aas complained of a pain from which he had been suffering since adopting Islam, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم instructed him, ―Put your hand on the painful spot and say, ‗In the name of Allah‘ three times, then say, ‗I seek refuge in Allah‘s Might and Ability against the evil from which I am suffering and which I fear‘ seven times. [2]

 

Is it valid for the Raqi to put his hand on the painful spot while performing the Ruqya? Does the Prophet‘s instruction to Uthman to put his hand on the painful spot imply that putting the hand as such is a condition for cure? Evidently, it has been done a lot, and several patients have been cured that way by Allah‘s permission.

 

 

Answer:

 
The Ruqya done as mentioned above is valid; the Qur‘an has a healing effect, for it is described by Allah as cure when He says: ―”Say: It {the Qur‘an} is for those who believe [in it] a guidance and a healing.” [3]

 

It is also valid to put the hand on the painful spot and rub it gently after doing Nafth into the palms. It is also possible to do the recitation, then the Nafth directly all over the body and on the painful spot.

 

The Ruqya basically involves acts of recitation, supplication, Nafth and passing the hand several times on the painful spot. Performance of these acts is expected to result in healing by Allah‘s permission.

 

[ فتوی للشیخ ػجذاللہ الزجشیي ػلیھب تولیؼھ۔ A Fatawa by Al-Jibreen, signed by him]

 

Footnotes:

[1] Sahih Al-Bukhari, Kitab Al-Mardha (Book of Patients), Hadith No. 5675 & Sahih Muslim, Kitab Assalam (Book of peace), Hadith No. 2191

[2] Sahih Muslim, Kitab Assalam (Book of Peace), Hadith No. 2202

[3] Fussilat sura, Ayah 44

 

Abu Bakr to his son: “I would not have veered away from you.”

June 20, 2013 Leave a comment

 

When the fighting began in earnest, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasallam left his command post and descended to the battlefield. Rousing his troops to fight bravely, the messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasallam proceeded to set an example for them by entering into the thick of the battle. He sallallahu alaihi wasallam fought intensely on that day, and throughout the battle, Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu remained close by his side, eager to fight any polytheist that appeared before him, even if that meant fighting against his own son.

 

For on that day, his son Abdur Rahmaan was fighting alongside the polytheists. Happily for Abdur Rahmaan, however his father did not see him that day on the battlefield.

 

Later on, when he embraced Islam, Abdur Rahmaan radiAllahu anhu said to his father,

“You appeared before me as a clear target on the Day of Badr. But I veered away from you, opting not to kill you.”

 

Abu Bakr radiAllahu anhu replied, “But had you appeared before me as a clear target, I would not have veered away from you.”

[Taareekh al Khulafaa, by As-Suyootee, page94]

 

The Vast Extent of Hell

June 6, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Hell is huge and vast and immensely deep, as is proven by several things:

 
(1) Those who will enter Hell are innumerable, yet one of them will be so huge that his molars will be as big as Mount Uhud, and the distance between his shoulders will be equivalent to three days walking. Nevertheless, Hell will accommodate the huge number of Kuffaar and evildoers who have existed throughout history, in spite of their huge size, and there will still be room for more, as Allaah says in the Qur’aan:

“On the Day when We will say to Hell: “Are you filled?” It will say: “Are there any more to come?” (50:30)

The Fire of Hell is like a mill to which are brought thousands upon thousands of tons of grain, which it grinds tirelessly until it is all done, then waits for more.

 

 

In the hadith that describes the debate between Paradise and Hell, it says that Allah  said to Hell, “You are My Punishment; I will punish in you whomsoever I will”. Both Paradise and Hell will be filled, but Hell will not be filled until Allah places His foot in it and it will say, “Enough, enough!”. Then it will be filled and its different parts will come closer to one another. Allah will not wrong any one of His Creation.

Reported by al-Bukhaari and Muslim from Abu Hurayrah (ra) (Jaami’ al-Usool, 10/544). [See the narration from Anas in al-Bukhaari, Muslim and Mishkaat ul-Masaabeeh, 3/109 with a similar meaning].

 

 

(2) Another indication of its vast depth is the fact that a stone thrown from the top of Hell takes a very long time to reach the bottom. Muslim reports that Abu Hurayrah (radiAllahu anhu) said:

“We were with the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and we heard the sound of something falling. The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “Do you know what that was?” We said, “Allaah and His Messenger know best”. He said, “That was a stone that was thrown into Hell seventy years ago and it was falling through Hell until now”.

(Muslim, Kitaab al-Jannah, Baab fi shiddat haar an-naar, 4/2184 no. 2844)

 

 
Haakim reports from Abu Hurayrah, and Tabaraani from Mu’aadh and Abu Umamah (radiAllahu anhu) that the Prophet (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“If there was a huge stone as big as seven khalifaat stones, and it was thrown from the edge of Hell it would fly through it for seventy years before it reached the bottom”.

(Saheeh al-Jaami’ as-Sagheer, 5/58, no. 5124, Its isnaad is saheeh).

 

 

(3) The great number of angels who will bring Hell forth on the Day of Resurrection.
The Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) described how Hell will be brought forth on the Day of Resurrection, concerning which Allah said,

“And Hell will be brought near that Day”. (89:23)

 
The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said,

“Hell will be brought forth that Day by means of seventy thousand ropes, each of which will be held by seventy thousand angels.”

(reported by Muslim from ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ud, 4/2184 no.2842)

 
We can only image the vastness of this terrifying creation that requires such a huge number of strong and powerful angels whose strength is known only to Allaah!

 

 

(4) Another indication of the vastness of Hell is the fact that two great creations like the sun and moon will be two rolled-up bulls in Hell. at-Tahhaawee reports, in Mishkil al-Aathaar, that Salamah ibn ‘Abdur-Rahman said, “Abu Hurayrah told us that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

“The sun and moon will be two rolled-up bulls in Hell on the Day of Resurrection”

al-Bayhaqi also reported this in “al-Ba’th wal-Nushur”, as did al-Bazzaar, al-Isma’ili and al-Khattaabi, with an isnaad that is saheeh according to the conditions of al-Bukhaari, who reported in al-Saheeh al-Mukhtasar, with the wording

“The sun and moon will be rolled up in Hell of the day of Resurrection”.

(Sheikh Naasir ud-Deen al-Albaani narrated this hadeeth in Silsilah al-ahadeeth as-Saheehah, 1/32, hadith no:124)

 

[al-Jannah wa an-Naar, pg 7-8]

Dispute between the Hell and Jannah- Few beneficial points from Riyad us Saaliheen

June 3, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (RadiAllahu anhu) reported: The Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

There was a dispute between the Hell and Jannah.

The Hell said: “The haughty and proud are my inmates.” Jannah said: “The modest and the humble are my residents”. Thereupon, Allah the Exalted and Glorious (addressing Jannah) said:
“You are My Mercy, through you I shall show mercy to those whom I wish”. (And addressing the Hell), He said: “You are (the means) of My punishment by which I shall punish such of My slaves as I wish and each one of you would have its fill”.

[Muslim].

 

Commentary:

1] In this Hadith people who are termed as `modest’ and `humble’ are the rich in Faith and piety. They lead a life of patience and contentment. This Hadith gives glad tidings to such noble people. On the contrary, it has a threat of Hell for those who disobey Divine injunctions and are haughty and proud. Now, it is entirely one’s own choice which way he goes.

 
2] The dialogue between Jannah and Hell quoted in this Hadith is not something impossible. It is not at all difficult for Allah to create in them such intelligence and consciousness which can enable them to make a discussion on the subjects mentioned in the Hadith. Thus, there is no need to offer any justification for the veracity of such Ahadith.

These should, therefore, be taken as literally correct. This Hadith is mentioned in detail in Musnad Ahmad and is narrated by Abu Hurairah (RadiAllahu anhu) at greater length than in the narration of Abu Sa`id Al- Khudri (radiAllahu anhu) quoted in Kitab-ut-Tafsir (the Book of Commentary) of Sahih Al-Bukhari.

[End quote from Riyad us Saaliheen]

 

 

I (Dr Iftakhar Ahmed) say, that this hadith is also a refutation of Ashari/Jahmi belief who departed from the path of Salaf as Saalih. When we Salafis say that Allah speaks as it befits His Majesty but we do not know “how”, these Ashari and Jahmi comes up with  arguments  that “Speech is done only with  tongue  and lips” and therefore your (salafis) saying that Allah speaks  necessitates  that Allah too has tongue and lips (Astagfirullah).

 

We ask them regarding this hadith where Hell and Heaven dispute with each other by speaking to each other. Do you think it is done by tongue and lips? No. Its the power of Allah who can make speak anything just like our limbs will speak on the day of Judgement. And this is what Imam Nawawi (rahimahullah) said in his commentary.

 

Further readings about Ashari and Jahmi belief:

 

Manners of Learning – Imam As-Shafi’ee

June 3, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Be patient with the bitterness of an aloof teacher
For the embedding of knowledge is when he repels
And whoever never tastes the bitterness of learning
Swallows the humiliation of ignorance as long as he dwells

 

And whoever misses learning whilst young and in bloom
Then make takbir on him four times due to his demise
For that youth, by Allah! If not for knowledge and piety
There is no regard to of what else his character’s comprised

 

[Translation by Ammar AlShukry]

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