Posts Tagged ‘Salaf’

From the chapter on ‘Hoping for Allah’s Mercy’: Tanbih Al-Ghafileen

September 9, 2013 Leave a comment


It was said:

“When the following verse was revealed: {“...My Mercy embraces all things…”} [al-A’raf; 156],

Satan – may Allah curse him – became hopeful and said: “I am a thing of those things, so I will have a portion of Allah’s Mercy!”

And the Jews and Christians became hopeful and said: “We area thing of those things, so we will have a portion of it.”

So, when the saying of Allah {“…I shall reserve it for those who are pious, give charity, and believe in Our signs…”} was revealed, then Satan lost hope of receiving any of His Mercy.

But, the Jews and Christians said: “We are pious, we give charity, and we believe in the signs of our Lord, so we are still eligible for Allah’s Mercy!”

Then, the saying of Allah {“Those who follow the unlettered Prophet and Messenger…”} [al-A’raf; 157] was revealed – meaning, those who believe in Muhammad (peace be upon him).

So, the Jews and Christians then lost all hope, and the Mercy remained exclusively for the believers.”


It was said:

“O Lord! You have given us one mercy, and have honored us with it, and it is Islam.So, if you give us one hundred portions of Your Mercy, then how can we not be hopeful for Your forgiveness?”


It was said:

“As long as the person is in good health, then fear of Allah is preferred. Once he becomes sick and is unable to perform many more good deeds, then hope in His Mercy is preferred.”


It was said:

“O Lord! You have Created Paradise and made it a meeting place for your allies, and the disbelievers have lost all hope of entering it, and the Angels were created without being in need of it,and You are also not in need of it. So, if you will not give me Paradise, then who will You give it to?”


More read:

≡ Tanbih Al-Ghafileen



Luqman and his master; who was Luqman?

June 8, 2013 Leave a comment


The Salaf differed over the identity of Luqman; there are two opinions:

  1. was he a Prophet or
  2. just a righteous servant of Allah without the Prophethood.



The majority favored the latter view, that he was a righteous servant of Allah without being a Prophet.


Sufyan Ath-Thawri said, narrating from Al-Ash`ath, from Ikrimah, from Ibn Abbas,

“Luqman was an Ethiopian slave who was a carpenter.



Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr said,

“I said to Jabir bin Abdullah: `What did you hear about Luqman?’

He said: `He was short with a flat nose, and came from Nubia.”’



Yahya bin Sa`id Al-Ansari narrated from Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib that

“Luqman was from the black peoples of (southern) Egypt, and had thick lips. Allah gave him wisdom but withheld Prophethood from him.”


Al-Awza`i said,

“Abdur-Rahman bin Harmalah told me; `A black man came to Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib to ask him a question, and Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib said to him:

“Do not be upset because you are black, for among the best of people were three who were black: Bilal, Mahja` the freed slave of Umar bin Al-Khattab, and Luqman the Wise, who was a black Nubian with thick lips.”


Ibn Jarir recorded that Khalid Ar-Raba`i said:

“Luqman was an Ethiopian slave who was a carpenter. His master said to him, `Slaughter this sheep for us,’ so he slaughtered it.


(His master) said: `Bring the best two pieces from it,’ so he brought out the tongue and the heart.


Then time passed, as much as Allah willed, and (his master) said: `Slaughter this sheep for us,’ so he slaughtered it.


(His master) said, `Bring the worst two morsels from it,’ so he brought out the tongue and the heart.


His master said to him, `I told you to bring out the best two pieces, and you brought these, then I told you to bring out the worst two pieces, and you brought these!’


Luqman said,

`There is nothing better than these if they are good, and there is nothing worse than these if they are bad.”’


Shu`bah narrated from Al-Hakam, from Mujahid,

“Luqman was a righteous servant, but he was not a Prophet.”


[Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Surah Luqman under verse 12]


Dispute between the Hell and Jannah- Few beneficial points from Riyad us Saaliheen

June 3, 2013 Leave a comment


Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (RadiAllahu anhu) reported: The Prophet Muhammed (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said:

There was a dispute between the Hell and Jannah.

The Hell said: “The haughty and proud are my inmates.” Jannah said: “The modest and the humble are my residents”. Thereupon, Allah the Exalted and Glorious (addressing Jannah) said:
“You are My Mercy, through you I shall show mercy to those whom I wish”. (And addressing the Hell), He said: “You are (the means) of My punishment by which I shall punish such of My slaves as I wish and each one of you would have its fill”.




1] In this Hadith people who are termed as `modest’ and `humble’ are the rich in Faith and piety. They lead a life of patience and contentment. This Hadith gives glad tidings to such noble people. On the contrary, it has a threat of Hell for those who disobey Divine injunctions and are haughty and proud. Now, it is entirely one’s own choice which way he goes.

2] The dialogue between Jannah and Hell quoted in this Hadith is not something impossible. It is not at all difficult for Allah to create in them such intelligence and consciousness which can enable them to make a discussion on the subjects mentioned in the Hadith. Thus, there is no need to offer any justification for the veracity of such Ahadith.

These should, therefore, be taken as literally correct. This Hadith is mentioned in detail in Musnad Ahmad and is narrated by Abu Hurairah (RadiAllahu anhu) at greater length than in the narration of Abu Sa`id Al- Khudri (radiAllahu anhu) quoted in Kitab-ut-Tafsir (the Book of Commentary) of Sahih Al-Bukhari.

[End quote from Riyad us Saaliheen]



I (Dr Iftakhar Ahmed) say, that this hadith is also a refutation of Ashari/Jahmi belief who departed from the path of Salaf as Saalih. When we Salafis say that Allah speaks as it befits His Majesty but we do not know “how”, these Ashari and Jahmi comes up with  arguments  that “Speech is done only with  tongue  and lips” and therefore your (salafis) saying that Allah speaks  necessitates  that Allah too has tongue and lips (Astagfirullah).


We ask them regarding this hadith where Hell and Heaven dispute with each other by speaking to each other. Do you think it is done by tongue and lips? No. Its the power of Allah who can make speak anything just like our limbs will speak on the day of Judgement. And this is what Imam Nawawi (rahimahullah) said in his commentary.


Further readings about Ashari and Jahmi belief:


From the chapter of ‘Sincerity’: Tanbih Al-Ghafileen

May 24, 2013 Leave a comment


It was said:

“The likeness of the one who performs good deeds in order to show off and have a good reputation is like the one who goes out to the marketplace and fills his bags with stones, and as a result, the people say:”Look at how stuffed this man’s bags are!” So, he gains nothing except what the people say about him, and if he wishes to trade these stones for something, he will get nothing in return for them.

Similarly, the one who performs good deeds for show-off and reputation; there is no benefit for him in his actions other than what the people say about him, and no reward awaits him in the Hereafter, as Allah – the Exalted – says: {“And We shall turn to whatever deeds they did, and Weshall make them as scattered floating particles of dust.”} [al-Furqan;23]

It was once asked:
“Who is the sincere one? It was answered: “The sincere one is the one who hideshis good deeds the same way he hides his bad deeds.”
It was said:
“Preserving an act of obedience is more difficult than performing it, because it is like a glass lamp that is easily broken and cannot withstand rough treatment. Likewise, the good action, if itis exposed to show-off, it breaks. And if it is exposed to its performer being pleased with himself,then it breaks. If a person wants to perform an action and fears that he will show-off with it, then if he is able to throw out this riya’ from his heart, then he should exert all efforts in doing so. If he is unable to do so, then he should not abandon performing this act because of the possibility of showing off;rather, he should perform it, then seek Allah’s forgiveness for what he might have had of riya’. It might be that Allah will guide him to having sincerity in other actions of his.”
It was narrated that a man asked: “The people say that I am a righteous person, so how can I tell whether or not I am righteous?” So, it was said to him:
First, expose your secrets in front of the righteous. If they are pleased with you, then know that you are righteous. If they are not, then you are not righteous.
Second, offer the dunya to your heart. If it rejects it, then know that you are righteous.If it accepts it, then you are not.
Third: offer the possibility of death to your soul. If it longs for death,then know that you are righteous. If not, then you are not.
If these three characteristics are combined in you, then ask Allah to prevent any show-off from entering upon your actions so that they would not become ruined.
[From: Tanbih Al-Ghafileen, pg-01]


The Keepers of Hell: Mighty and Stern

May 19, 2013 Leave a comment


Standing over Hell are MIGHTY and STERN angels who never disobey Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’ala Who has created them. They do whatever He commands them, as Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’ala says:

“O you who believe! Save yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is men and stones, over which are [appointed] angels stern [and] severe, who flinch not [from executing] the Commands they receive from Allaah, but do [precisely what] they are commanded.” (66:6)


Their number is nineteen as Allaah says:

“Soon I will cast him into Hellfire. And what will explain to you what Hellfire is? Naught does it permit to endure, and naught does it leave alone! Darkening and changing the colour of man! Over it are nineteen [angels as guardians and keepers of Hell]” (74:26-30)


This number was a challenge to the kuffaar who thought that they would easily overcome such a small number, but they did not realise that one of these angels has the strength to confront the whole of mankind on his own.


For this reason, Allaah said in the next aayah:

“And We have set none but angels as guardians of the Fire, and We have fixed their numbers [19] only as a trial for the disbelievers..” (74:31)


Ibn Rajab said,

“What is known and well-established among the earlier and later generations (as-Salaf wal-Khalaf) is that the trial came about when the number of angels was mentioned and the kuffaar thought that it was possible to kill them.


They thought that they would be able to fight and resist them. They did not know that humankind in its entireity would not be able to resist even ONE of them.”

(at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.174)



These angels are the ones whom Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’ala called the guardians of Hell:

“Those in the Fire will say to the keepers [angels] of Hell: “Call upon your Rabb to lighten for us the torment for a day!” (40:49)

[al-Jannah wa an-Naar, pg 6]

Related Links:

• Did you know Hell can Speak and See?

• The Evil Deeds that Lead One to Hell by Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah)

• The Huge Size of the People of Hell

• The Disbelievers Among the Jinn Will Be In Hell


Shaykh Abdul-Qadir al-Jilanee on al-Istawaa

May 14, 2013 Leave a comment


Shaykh Abdul-Qadir al-Jilanee is reported to have said:

“It is essential to carry the Attribute of al-Istawaa upon it’s apparent sense – without ta’weel, and that He Ascended in Person over the Throne.


Istawaa does not mean sitting or touching – as the Mujassima and Karraamiyyah say.


Nor does it mean grandeur and highness – as the Ash’ariyyah say.


Nor does it mean conquering and dominating as the Mu’tazila say.


None of this is related in the Sharee’ah.


Neither has this been related by any one of the Salaf as-Saalih and the Taabi’een.

Nor from the Ashaabul Hadeeth.


Rather it is related from them that they carried the meaning of Istawaa with it’s apparent meaning.”

[‘Gunya at- Taalibeen’ (1/50)]


Precious advice to the People of Qur’aan

May 2, 2013 Leave a comment


How beautiful is the advice of Imam al-Aajri in his book Akhlaq Ahl al-Qur’aan – and this is a book which the one memorising Qur’aan can never abandon reading or studying. This book contains lengthy advice which I have taken a portion from. He (the author) says,

“The first thing that he (the student of Qur’an) must do is utilise the taqwa of Allah in secrecy and in openness by developing wara’ (piety) in his eating and drinking, in his sense of dress and in his home, with insight of his era and the fasaad (sins and evil) of his people so that he is cautious against them with regards to his Deen. He is highly devoted over his state of affairs and deeply concerned with correcting what has become corrupt in his matters.


He guards his tongue and yet is distinguished by his speech.

And from the advice is also the following:

“If he studies the Qur’aan then he does so with complete understanding and intellect. What concerns him is fully comprehending that which Allah has made mandatory on him to follow  and adhere to, and desisting from what He `azza wa jall has forbid him from.


His concern is not ‘when will I finish the Qur’aan?’ But rather his deep concern is:

‘when will I be fully content with Allah and independent of other than Him?’


‘When will I be from the Muttaqeen?

When will I be from the Muhsineen?

When will I be from the Mutawakkileen (relying only on Allah)?

When will I be from the Khashi’een (humbled to Allah)?

When will I be from the Sabireen (patient)?

When will I be from the Sadiqeen (truthful)?

When will I be from the Kha’ifeen (fearful)?

When will I be from the Raajeen (hopeful)?

When will I become ascetic in this world?

When will I yearn for the Hereafter?

When will I repent from sins?

When will I recognise the successive blessings of Allah?

When will I thank Him for it?

When will I deeply understand the public address from Allah (i.e. this Qur’aan)?

When will I sincerely comprehend what I’m reciting?

When will I overcome my soul’s desires?

When will I strive for Allah with a true striving?

When will I guard my tongue?

When will I lower my gaze?

When will I protect my chastity and when will I have hayaa’ (modesty/shyness) of Allah with a true and honest hayaa’?

[Akhlaq Ahl al-Qur’an (pg. 79)]



Fudhayl ibn ‘Iyaadh (rahimahullah) is also reported to say,

“It is not for the carrier of Qur’aan to have a need of anyone from the creation but it should be such that the creation has a need of him.


The carrier of Qur’aan is the carrier of the Flag of Islam, it does not befit him that he should indulge in nonsense speech with those who do so, nor should he be so forgetful with those who forget nor should he waste time in play with those who waste time in play.”

[Reported by al-Aajuri (37) and Abu Nu’aym (8/92)]



Abu Musa al-Ash’ari (radhiallahu `anhu) gathered all those who had recited (memorised) Qur’aan – and they numbered near to three hundred –he then began to exalt the Qur’aan, saying:

“Indeed this Qur’aan is enough of a store and reserve for you, and yet it is enough of a burden over you.



So follow the Qur’aan and do not make the Qur’aan follow you.


Surely whoever follows the Qur’aan, it leads him to the gardens of Paradise and whoever makes the Qur’aan follow him, it drives him by the neck and hurls him into the Fire.”

[Al-Darimi (3328) and al-Aajuri in Fadha’il al-Qur’an (pg. 3)]


[Taken from: al-asbab al-mueena alal Hifdh, pg- 28-29]


See Also: Memorisation of Qur’an is from the special characteristics of this Ummah

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