Posts Tagged ‘Salah’

Charity and Prayer are not accepted if….

June 19, 2014 Leave a comment

Abu Al-Malih reported on the authority of his father who said that the Prophet [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] said:



“Allah does not accept charity from Ghulül [1], nor does He accept prayer without purification.”

[Sunan Abu Dawud, vol. 1, no. 59, sahih]


Abu Hurairah [radiAllahu anhu] narrated that the Messenger of Allah [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] said:


“Allah – the Exalted, Majestic is His mention – does not accept the prayer of one of you, when he commits Hadath [2] until he performs Wudü’.”

[Sunan Abu Dawud, vol. 1, no. 60, sahih]



‘All bin Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated that the Messenger of Allah [sallallahu alaihi wasallam] said:

“The key to prayer is purification, and its sacredness (begins) with the Takbir, and its release is the Taslim.” 

[Sunan Abu Dawud, vol. 1, no. 61, Hasan]



»»» Charity given from unlawfully earned wealth; via cheating, theft, robbery, bribery, and extortion, etc., are not accepted by Allah.

1] Ghulül means that which is treacherously acquired; and specifically it means taking from the spoils of war before they are divided among the soldiers by the leader.

»»» Purification is a condition for the acceptance of Salat. In case water cannot be used, Tayammum will substitute.

2] Referring to whatever invalidates Wudu

»»» If one breaks Wudü’ in the course of Salat, one shall leave the prayer and perform Wudü’ all over again 




A Hundred Line Poem Recounting the Life of the Most Noble of all Creation by ‘Alee ibn ‘Alee ibn Muhammad ibn Abil-‘Izz al-Hanafee

April 25, 2013 Leave a comment


A poem composed by ibn Abil-‘Izz al-Hanafee, author of Sharh al-‘Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah. The poem presents a summarized timeline of important events which occurred throughout the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah, Muhammad [sallallahu alaihi wasallam]

Translated by Aboo Shaybah

[1] All praise is for Allaah, The Eternal, The Maker;
followed by His salaah upon the chosen one.


[2] Here is the Messenger’s biography
in poem form with succinct sections.


[3] His birth was on the tenth of the distinguished month,
Rabee‘ al-Awwal, in the year of the elephant.


[4] However, the common view is that it was the twelfth,
on a Monday at the break of dawn,


[5] corresponding to the twentieth of April.
Prior to that, his father passed away.


[6] Two years later he was weaned
and brought back safe and sound by his wetnurse,


[7] Haleemah, to his mother. She then returned
with him to her own family as she had desired.


[8] Two months later his belly was cleaved open,
though some say it was when he was four years old.


[9] At six years and one month, while returning,
his mother passed away at al-Abwaa’.


[10] And his paternal grandfather, ‘Abdul-Muttalib,
passed away while he was eight, no lie.


[11] Then his paternal uncle, Aboo Taalib, took on
his guardianship, and later to ash-Shaam he travelled.


[12] That was while he was twelve years old
and the well-known incident with Baheeraa took place.


[13] The best of mankind again travelled to ash-Shaam
at the age of twenty five – remember it –


[14] as a trader for our mother, Khadeejah,
and he returned that year after profitable trade, happy.


[15] In that year was his marriage to her,
and he later consummated his marriage with her.


[16] All his children were from her except Ibraaheem.
The first to earn that distinction was al-Qaasim.


[17] Then came Zaynab, Ruqayyah, Faatimah,
and Umm Kulthoom, who was the last of the girls;


[18] and At-Taahir, At-Tayyib, ‘Abdullaah;
but some say each name belonged to a separate beautiful child.


[19] All of them tasted death during his lifetime,
except Faatimah who died half-a-year after him.


[20] At thirty five he participated
in rebuilding the House of Allaah after its dilapidation.


[21] They appointed him to arbitrate and accepted his solution
for putting the Black Stone into place.


[22] At the age of forty he was sent as a Messenger;
on a Monday with certainty – so convey it –


[23] during Ramadaan or Rabee’ al-Awwal,
and Soorah “Iqra’ ” was the first of the revelation.


[24] Then wudoo’ and salaah he was taught
by Jibreel, as two complete units of prayer.


[25] Then, after the passing of twenty full days,
enormous, terrifying stars pelted the Jinn.


[26] Then, in the fourth year, he called
openly to Islaam as commanded.


[27] Four women along with twelve
men among the Companions all migrated


[28] to the lands of Habashah in the fifth year.
The same year, they returned, but went back without blame.


[29] They were eighty three men
accompanied by a group completing their total number;


[30] and they were eighteen women. Later on,
in the sixth year, Hamzah – al-Asad – accepted Islaam.


[31] Nine years after his Messengership
came the death of Aboo Taalib, his guardian;


[32] followed by Khadeejah who passed away
after three days had elapsed.


[33] After fifty and a quarter years, Islaam was embraced
by the Jinn of Naseebeen, who then departed – let it be known.


[34] Thereafter, he married Sawdah
in Ramadaan; followed by


[35] his marriage to the daughter of as-Siddeeq in Shawwaal.
At the age of fifty one


[36] he was taken by night, and the salawaat were obligated;
five with the reward of fifty, as authentically preserved.


[37] The first bay‘ah was with twelve
of the people from Taybah, as has been mentioned.


[38] At the age of fifty two came
seventy in the Hajj season – and this is confirmed –


[39] from Taybah. They pledged allegiance, and he later left
Makkah on a Monday in the month Safar.


[40] Thus, the one contented arrived in Taybah, for certain,
having reached the age of fifty three


[41] on a Monday. He remained there
for ten full years as we shall recount.


[42] In the first year, salaah of a resident was made complete,
this was after he prayed Jumu‘ah – listen to my words.


[43] He then constructed a masjid at Qubaa’,
as well as the masjid in the noble city, al-Madeenah.


[44] Then, around it, he built his dwellings.
Later this year arrived


[45] less than half of those who had travelled
to the lands of Habashah when they migrated.


[46] In the same year, the noblest of all elite established ties of brotherhood
between the Muhaajireen and Ansaar.


[47] He then consummated marriage with the daughter of his best Companion,
and legislated the athaan, so follow his example.


[48] The battle of al-Abwaa’ took place afterwards, in Safar.
Subsequently, in the second year, combat spread


[49] to Buwaat and then Badr. The obligation
of redirecting the Qiblah came in the middle of Rajab


[50] following Thil-‘Ushayr, o my brothers.
Fasting for a month was obligated in Sha‘baan,


[51] and the major clash which was at Badr
happened during fasting, on the seventeenth of the month.


[52] Zakaah al-Fitr was obligated in it
following Badr by ten nights.


[53] There is difference regarding Zakaah al-Maal – you must realize this.
The daughter of the righteous Prophet passed away,


[54] Ruqayyah, prior to the army’s return;
she was the wife of ‘Uthmaan. The marriage of the chaste


[55] Faatimah to the esteemed ‘Alee.
And al-‘Abbaas accepted Islaam after being taken captive.


[56] And as for Qaynuqaa‘, battle with them ensued afterwards.
And he sacrificed on the ‘Eed of slaughter.


[57] And the battle of as-Saweeq, then Qarqarah.
And combat in the third year spread further


[58] to Ghatafaan and Banee Sulaym.
Umm Kulthoom, daughter of the noble esteemed,


[59] was married to ‘Uthmaan and he earned this distinction.
And the Prophet later married Hafsah,


[60] and Zaynab also; then headed to Uhud for battle
– in the month of Shawwaal – and Hamraa’ al-Asad.


[61] Intoxicants were prohibited undoubtedly – so listen –
and that year his grandson, al-Hasan, was born.


[62] In the fourth year, battle reached
Banee an-Nadeer in Rabee‘ al-Awwal.


[63] Then followed the death of Zaynab, the aforementioned,
and afterwards, marriage to Umm Salamah,


[64] and the daughter of Jahsh. Then, to Badr as appointed
followed by al-Ahzaab – so listen and keep count –


[65] then Banee Quraythah, though regarding these two
there is difference. And at Thaat ar-Riqaa‘ he taught


[66] how to pray Salaah al-Khawf; and prayer was shortened, as reported.
and the verses about hijaab and tayammum.


[67] Some said and his stoning of the two Jews,
and the birth of his lovely grandson, al-Husayn.


[68] In the fifth year – listen and trust me – was
the slander during the battle of Banee al-Mustaliq.


[69] Doomah al-Jandal happened before that. And also
he wed the daughter of al-Haarith later on, and consummated.


[70] His marriage to Rayhaanah was in the fifth.
Then Banee Lihyaan was at the beginning of the sixth year.


[71] After that, his istisqaa’ prayer, and Thoo Qarad,
and he was obstructed from performing ‘Umrah as he wished.


[72] Bay‘ah ar-Ridwaan came first, and he consummated
that year his marriage with Rayhaanah, as clarified.


[73] And Hajj was obligated, though with difference – so take heed –
and the conquest of Khaybar was in the seventh year.


[74] The meat of domestic donkeys was prohibited
that year, as well as the corrupt Mut‘ah form of marriage.


[75] He later married Umm Habeebah
and her mahr on his behalf an-Najaashee paid.


[76] A lamb was poisoned and offered as a gift,
and he later chose for himself the pure Safiyyah.


[77] She came, as well as all the remaining migrants.
And marriage to Maymoonah was the last.


[78] Prior to that was the Islaam of Aboo Hurayrah,
and after was the famous ‘Umrah al-Qadaa’.


[79] And the envoys in the sanctified month of Muharram
he sent them to the kings – so know this.


[80] Presented as a gift was Maariyah al-Qibtiyyah
that year. Then in the eigth year was a sariyyah


[81] which headed to Mu’tah. And during fasting
the conquest of al-Balad al-Haraam took place.


[82] After it, they relate what happened during
the day at Hunayn, and then the day at at-Taa’if.


[83] Later, in Thul-Qa‘dah, he performed ‘Umrah
from al-Ji‘irraanah, and he was settled.


[84] His daughter, Zaynab, passed away and then
Ibraaheem was born in it, surely.


[85] And turn was given to ‘Aa’ishah by
Sawdah for as long as she remained alive.


[86] The minbar was made and placed conspicuously,
and ‘Attaab led the people in Hajj.


[87] Then expedition to Tabook was in the ninth year
and he demolished Masjid ad-Diraar, removing its harm.


[88] Aboo Bakr led the people in Hajj, and there
‘Alee recited “Baraa’ah” and decisively declared


[89] that no mushrik would again perform Hajj, and none
unclothed would make Tawaaf – they both carried out as instructed.


[90] Delegations came in plenty, one after the next,
and he swore he would not go to his womenfolk for a month.


[91] He announced the death of an-Najaashee and prayed
upon him from Taybah, earning him great virtue.


[92] Ibraaheem passed away in the final year
and al-Bajalee accepted Islaam, and his name was Jareer.


[93] He performed the Farewell Hajj as a Qaarin
and he stopped on a Friday during it in security.


[94] And revealed that day was a glad tiding for you:
This day I have perfected for you your religion.


[95] Rayhaanah’s death was after his return,
and the nine lived on after him.


[96] And on a Monday he finished – for certain –
having completed sixty three.


[97] He was laid to rest in the dwelling of the daughter of as-Siddeeq
at the location of his death, precisely determined.


[98] The duration of his illness was two-fifths of a month,
but some say it was a third and a fifth – know this.


[99] This concludes the hundred line poem
recounting the life of the most noble of all creation.


[100] May Allaah, my Lord, send salaah upon him, and upon
his Companions, his family, and those who follow. 


Ruling on Performing Salah wearing tight clothes that display the shape of one’s private parts

March 27, 2013 Leave a comment


Wearing tight clothes is something religiously Haram [forbidden] and medically not recommended for its negative effects on the body. Some of those who wear them are not even able to prostrate themselves in Salah. If such clothes lead a muslim to abandon Salah then wearing them is totally forbidden. It is indeed proved that most of those who wear tight clothes do not perform Salah. And if they do, they perform it in the way the hypocrites do!!!


Many muslims of today do their Salah wearing tight clothes that shape their private parts or even display a part of them.


Al-Hafith Ibn Hajar related from Ashhab that the later held the opinion that

if a person performed his salah wearing trousers and was able to wear something else, he should repeat it [for the one he did wearing trousers is invalid] within its time unless these trousers are thick. Some hanafis held the opinion that doing Salah wearing trousers is something detested.

[ Fath Al-Bārī (vol. 1 / p.476).]



Those reverend ‘Ulamah delivered such rulings concerning wide trousers, what would they have said had they seen the tight ones with which muslims of today do their Salah??


The eminent scholar Al-albani said:

‘Trousers have two main hedious things;

the first; those who wear it are actually imitating the disbelievers. Muslims of old days used to wear wide trousers [Sarāwil], like those [wide ones] some Syrians and Lebanese still wear. Tight clothes is one of the things the colonizing nations left behind in the colonized nations which the later adopted easily because of their ignorance [in religion] and simple mindedness.


The second is that this kind of [tight] trousers shapes one’s private parts- which extend from the knees up to the navel for males. The praying person should be far away from such disobedience especially when he prostrates himself to Allah .


The private parts of those who wear such clothes are clearly displayed (when they prostrate themselves in Salah)!! what kind of Salah is this before the hands of the Rabb??


Many young muslim men forbid women from wearing tight clothes because it displays the size of their bodies but they forget to apply the same rule on themselves. There is no difference between men and women concerning wearing tight clothes which display the size of one’s private parts. Young muslims should be aware of this. Few are those who know and apply this rule on themselves’ [1]


If a muslim performs his Salah wearing wide trousers, the Salah is valid and correct. It is better thought to wear a Qamīs that covers the part of the body between the knees and the navel.


If it is longer to cover half of the legs or even the heels, it would be even better.[2]



(1) This is an answer to a question raised by Abū Ishāq Al-Huwainy from Egypt, and it was recorded in Jordan, on Muharram 1407 Hijra. Refer to Al-Albānī’s book “Hijāb Al-Mar’ah al-Muslimah Fil Kitab Wa Asunnah”, the fourth condition of the muslim woman’s Hijāb which is “It should be very wide so as not to display the size of her

body or any part of it” (p.59..).


Muslim men and women share the same ruling, but it is widely violated by men of these days; most of them do their Salah wearing tight trousers. There is no might but with Allah .

The prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam said:

“Forbade that a muslim performs Salah wearing tight trousers with no Ridaover it”.

This hadīth was narrated by Abū Dāwūd and Al-Hākim. It is a sound hadīth as is mentioned in “Sahīh Al-Jāmi’As-Sagīr” (no.6830), At-Tahāwī in “Sharh Ma‘ānī Al-’Āthār” (vol.1 / p.382). Refer to Shaikh Hmūd Tuwaijir’s book “Al-Idāh Wat Tabyīn Limā Waqa‘a Fihī Al-Aktharūn Min Mushābahat Al-Mushrikīn” (pp.77-82).



2) Taken from Shaikh Abdul Azīz Ibn Baz “Fatāwā” (vol.1 / p.69). This is also the ruling which the Permanent Committee for Scientific Researches and Religions Rulings delivered for a question raised about performing Salah wearing [tight] clothes.

The question is registered in the Department of Research (no. 2003). The answer for this question was as follows:

‘If these trousers do not display the size of the private parts due to their widness, nor are they transparent but thick, one’s Salah is valid.

If the case is the opposite; i.e. the trousers are tight or transparent that the private parts are displayed, then one’s Salah  is null and void.

If only the size of one’s private parts is clear when wearing such clothes, then one’s Salah is detested except if one has no other alternative but wearing them. May Allāh  guide us to the right path.


[Source:  The Clarified Ruling Of Mistakes Done In Salah  By: Mashhūr Hasan Āl Salmān, pg20-21]


For more rulings on Salah, Click here.


An Etiquette During Jumu’ah

January 22, 2013 Leave a comment


Ibn’Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,”

If one of you yawns on Friday (while the Imam is giving the sermon), let him change from the place he’s sitting to another.”

Collected by Abu Da’wud, 1119; At-Tirmidhi, 526; Ibn Khuzaymah, 1819; graded as saheeh by Albani.

In his ‘Awn al-Ma’bood Sharhus Sunnan Abu Dawud’, Imam Sharaf Al-Haqq al-Azeem Aabaadi comments:

1. Ibn Khuzaymah titled a chapter in his Saheeh “The Recommendation for the drowsy person to change his place on Friday”

2. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) didn’t intend the entire day in this hadeeth. What he meant was that if you are in the masjid waiting for the Jumu’ah prayer or during the Khutbah. However this action occurs more during the sermon.

3. The wisdom in changing the sitting place is that moving removes sleepiness. There is also a possibility that the wisdom for this action is moving from the place where he suffered inattention due to his dozing to another. If he dozes off while sitting then there is no harm for him in that action. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) ordered his companions (may Allah be pleased with them) who dozed off while waiting for Fajr in the valley to move.

4. The person waiting for the prayer is in prayer. Yawning while praying is from Shaytaan. And maybe the command for moving is the elimination of Shaytaan’s relationship to the person sitting down negligent about Allah in the masjid, or the person listening to the Khutbah or the person being involved in anything fruitful


{ Taken from ‘Awnul Ma’bud Sharhus Sunnan Abu Dawud}

Translated by Abu Aaliyah Abdullah


Related Link: Those who distracts themselves with Mobiles during Jumuah Khutbah.

“I Wish To be Killed Following The Sunnah”

December 15, 2012 Leave a comment


Ibn Al-’Arabi Al-Maaliki said: ‘I once invited Shaikh Abu Bakr Al-Fihri in Muharras Ibn Ash-Shawwa’ at Ath- Thagr. Abu Bakr was of those eminent Shaikhs who earnestly followed the prophet’s example in raising his hands in Salaat. He arrived at the Thagr where I teach.


The Shaikh entered the mosque and stood in the first row. And I was standing at its end near a window looking over the sea to enjoy the breeze. In the same row, there were the chief of the sea crew Abu Thamnah, his deputy and some members of the crew waiting for the Imaam to lead them in the Salaat.


During his [Naafilah] Salaat, the Shaikh raised his hands when doing Ruku‘ and when raising from it. Abu Thamnah addressed his companions: ‘Do you see what has this eastern done?! Go and Kill him and throw his body in the sea and let no one see you’. Hearing this, I felt that my heart jumped into my throat and said to them: ‘Subhaana Allaah, this is the great Faqeeh [scholar] of our time, At-Turtushi’.


They asked: ‘Why does he raise his hands then?’


I said: ‘This is the prophet’s (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) Sunnah and Imaam Maalik’s Mathhab as is narrated by the scholars of Madinah(*)’. Then I tried to keep them calm and quiet till the Shaikh finished his Salaat. We, then, returned back to the  residence at the Muharris. The Shaikh noticed my anger and inquired about the reason. I told him the whole thing.


He, then, laughed and said:

‘Indeed, I wish to be killed following the Sunnah’.


I said: ‘You should not do this; you are in a town where if you follow this Sunnah you will be killed’. He then said: ‘leave aside this idle talk and lets discuss something more useful’.(1)


(*) Ibn Abdil Hakam said: ‘Ibn Al-Qaasim was the only one to relate from Maalik that he used not to raise his hands in Salaat. We believe in the opposite’. See: “Al-Qawaanin Al-Fiqhiyyah” (p. 64).
(1) “Ahkaamul Qur’aan” (vol. 4 / p. 1900). It was also mentioned by Al-Qurtubi in “At- Tafsir” (vol. 19 / p. 279) and Ash-Shaatibi in “Al- I‘tisaam” (vol. 1 / p. 295).

[Taken from “The Clarified Ruling Of Mistakes Done In Salaah” By Sh. Mashhur Hasan Aal Salmaan, p. 95]

Neglecting prayer out of laziness- What is the Islamic ruling?

September 22, 2011 Leave a comment


If you do not pray salat out of laziness on purpose, are you a kafir or just a bad Muslim? Please answer.


Praise be to Allaah.

Imam Ahmad said that the one who does not pray because of laziness is a kaafir. This is the more correct view and is that indicated by the evidence of the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger, and by the words of the Salaf and the proper understanding. (Al-Sharh al-Mumti’ ‘ala Zaad al-Mustanqi’, 2/26).


Anyone who examines the texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah will see that they indicate that the one who neglects the prayer is guilty of Kufr Akbar (major kufr) which puts him beyond the pale of Islam.


Among the evidence to be found in the Qur’aan is:

The aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

“But if they repent [by rejecting Shirk (polytheism) and accept Islamic Monotheism], perform As-Salaat (Iqaamat-as-Salaat) and give Zakaat, then they are your brethren in religion.”

[al-Tawbah 9:11]


The evidence derived from this aayah is that Allaah defined three things that the Mushrikeen have to do in order to eliminate the differences between them us: they should repent from shirk, they should perform prayer, and they should pay zakaah. If they repent from shirk but they do not perform the prayer or pay zakaah, then they are not our brethren in faith; if they perform the prayer but do not pay zakaah, then they are not our brethren in faith. Brotherhood in religion cannot be effaced except when a person goes out of the religion completely; it cannot be effaced by fisq (immoral conduct) or lesser types of kufr.


Allaah also says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have given up As-Salaat (the prayers) [i.e. made their Salaat (prayers) to be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times] and have followed lusts. So they will be thrown in Hell. Except those who repent and believe (in the Oneness of Allaah and His Messenger Muhammad), and work righteousness. Such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged in aught.”

[Maryam 19:59-60]


The evidence derived from this aayah is that Allaah referred to those who neglect the prayer and follow their desires, Except those who repent and believe, which indicates that at the time when they are neglecting their prayers and following their desires, they are not believers.


The evidence of the Sunnah that proves that the one who neglects the prayer is a kaafir includes the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him):

“Between a man and shirk and kufr there stands his neglect of the prayer.”

(Narrated by Muslim in Kitaab al-Eemaan from Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)).


It was narrated that Buraydah ibn al-Husayb (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say:

‘The covenant that distinguishes between us and them is the prayer, and whoever neglects it has disbelieved (become a kaafir).’”

(It was narrated by Ahmad, Abu Dawood, al-Tirmidhi, al-Nisaa’i and Ibn Maajah).



What is meant here by kufr or disbelief is the kind of kufr which puts a person beyond the pale of Islam, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made prayer the dividing line between the believers and the disbelievers. It is known that the community of kufr is not the same as the community of Islam, so whoever does not fulfil this covenant must be one of the kaafireen (disbelievers).


There is also the hadeeth of ‘Awf ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him), according to which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“The best of your leaders are those whom you love and who love you, who pray for you and you pray for them. The worst of your leaders are those whom you hate and who hate you, and you send curses on them and they send curses on you.” He was asked, “O Messenger of Allaah, should we not fight them by the sword?” He said, “Not as long as they are establishing prayer amongst you.”


This hadeeth indicates that those in authority should be opposed and fought if they do not establish prayer, but it is not permissible to oppose and fight them unless they make a blatant show of kufr and we have evidence from Allaah that what they are doing is indeed kufr. ‘Ubaadah ibn al-Saamit said:

“The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) called us and we gave bay’ah (oath of allegiance) to him. Among the things that we pledged to do was to listen and obey him both when we felt enthusiastic and when we were disinclined to act, both at times of difficulty and times of ease, and at times when others were given preference over us, and that we would not oppose those in authority. He said: ‘unless they made a blatant show of kufr and you have evidence from Allaah that what they are doing is indeed kufr.’” (Agreed upon).


On this basis, their neglecting the prayer, for which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said we should oppose them and fight them by the sword, constitutes an act of blatant kufr for which we have evidence from Allaah that it is indeed kufr.


If someone were to say: is it not permissible to interpret the texts about a person who neglects prayer being a kaafir as referring to the one who neglects the prayer because he does not think it is obligatory?


We would say: it is not permissible to interpret the texts in this way because there are two reservations about this interpretation:


it involves ignoring the general description that the Lawgiver took into consideration and to which the ruling was connected. The ruling that the person who neglects prayer is a kaafir is connected to the action of neglecting prayer, not to his denial of it being obligatory. Brotherhood in religion is based on performing the prayer, not on whether a person declares it to be obligatory. Allaah did not say, “If they repent and state that the prayer is obligatory”, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not say “Between a man and shirk and kufr there stands his denial that the prayer is obligatory” or “The covenant that distinguishes between us and them is our statement that the prayer is obligatory, so whoever denies that it is obligatory has disbelieved.” If this is what Allaah and His Messenger had meant, then not stating it clearly would have contradicted what is said in the Qur’aan. For Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’aan) as an exposition of everything”

[al-Nahl 16:89]


“And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad) the Dhikr [reminder and the advice (i.e. the Qur’aan)], that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them”

[al-Nahl 16:44]


It is not correct to refer to a reason which the Lawgiver did not make a factor in ruling a person to be a kaafir, because if a person who does not have the excuse of ignorance denies that the five daily prayers are obligatory then he is deemed to be a kaafir, whether he prays or not. If a person performs the five daily prayers, fulfilling all the conditions of prayer and doing all the actions that are obligatory or mustahabb, but he denies that the prayers are obligatory with no valid reason for doing so, then he is a kaafir, even though he is not neglecting the prayers. From this it is clear that it is not correct to interpret the texts about neglecting the prayers as referring to denying that they are obligatory. The correct view is that the person who neglects the prayer is a kaafir who is beyond the pale of Islam, as is clearly stated in the report narrated by Ibn Abi Haatim in his Sunan from ‘Ubaadah ibn al-Saamit (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) exhorted us: ‘Do not associate anything in worship with Allaah, and do not neglect the prayer deliberately, for whoever neglects the prayer deliberately puts himself beyond the pale of Islam.” Moreover, if we interpret the ahaadeeth about neglecting the prayer as referring to a denial that it is obligatory, there would be no point in the reports referring specifically to the prayer, because this ruling applies equally to zakaah, fasting and Hajj – whoever neglects any of these, denying that it is obligatory, is a kaafir, if he does not have the excuse of ignorance.


Just as the one who neglects the prayer is deemed to be a kaafir on the basis of the evidence of the texts and reports, so he may also be deemed to be a kaafir on the basis of rational analysis. How can a person be a believer if he neglects the prayer which is the pillar of religion, and when there are aayaat and ahaadeeth urging us to perform prayer which make the wise believer rush to do the prayer, and when there are aayaat and ahaadeeth warning against neglecting it, which make the wise believer scared to ignore the prayer? Once we have understood this, a person cannot be a believer if he neglects the prayer.


If a person were to say: can we not interpret kufr in the case of one who neglects the prayer as meaning a lesser form of kufr (kufr al-na’mah) rather than the kind of kufr which puts a person beyond the pale of Islam (kufr al-millah)? Or can we not interpret it as being less than Kufr Akbar (major kufr) and more like the kufr referred to in the ahaadeeth, “There are two qualities that exist among people which are qualities of kufr: slandering people’s lineage and wailing over the dead” and “Trading insults with a Muslim is fisq (immoral conduct) and exchanging blows with him is kufr”, etc.?


We would say that this interpretation is not correct for a number of reasons:

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made prayer the dividing line between kufr and faith, between the believer and the disbeliever. This is where he drew the line, and the two things are quite distinct and do not overlap.


Prayer is one of the pillars of Islam, so when the person who neglects it is described as a kaafir, this implies the kind of kufr that puts a person beyond the pale of Islam, because he has destroyed one of the pillars of Islam. This is a different matter from attributing kufr to a person who does one of the actions of kufr.


There are other texts which indicate that the kufr of the one who neglects the prayer is the kind of kufr which puts a person beyond the pale of Islam, so what is meant here by kufr should be interpreted according to the apparent meaning, so as avoid contradictions between the texts.


The description of kufr in those ahaadeeth is different. Concerning neglecting the prayer, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Between a man and shirk and kufr.” Here the word kufr is preceded in the original Arabic by the definite article “al”, which indicates that what is referred to here is the reality of kufr. This is in contrast to the other ahaadeeth where kufr is referred to without the definite article, or in a verbal form, which indicates that this is a part of kufr or that the person has disbelieved by doing this action, but it is not the absolute kufr which places a person beyond the pale of Islam.


Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said in his book Iqtidaa’ al-Siraat al-Mustaqeem (p. 70, Al-Sunnah Al-Muhammadiyyah edn.), concerning the hadeeth of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ““There are two qualities that exist among people which are qualities of kufr”:

“The phrase ‘which are qualities of kufr’ means that these two qualities which exist among people are qualities of kufr because they are among the deeds of kufr and they exist among people. But not everyone who has a part of kufr becomes a kaafir because of it, unless there exists in his heart the reality of kufr. Similarly, not everyone who has a part of faith becomes a believer because of it, unless there exists in his heart the essential reality of faith. So there is a distinction between kufr that is preceded [in the original Arabic] by the definite article “al”, as in the hadeeth ‘Between a man and shirk and kufr there stands nothing but his neglecting the prayer’, and kufr that is not preceded by the definite article but is used in an affirmative sense.’”


So it is clear that the person who neglects the prayer with no excuse is a kaafir who is beyond the pale of Islam, on the basis of this evidence. This is the correct view according to Imaam Ahmad, and it is one of the two opinions narrated from al-Shaafa’i, as was mentioned by Ibn Katheer in his tafseer of the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

“Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have given up As-Salaat (the prayers) [i.e. made their Salaat (prayers) to be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times] and have followed lusts” [Maryam 19:59]


Ibn al-Qayyim mentioned in his book Al-Salaah that it was one of the two views narrated from al-Shaafa’i, and that al-Tahhaawi narrated it from al-Shaafa’i himself.

This was also the view of the majority of the Sahaabah, indeed many narrated that there was consensus among the Sahaabah on this point. ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Shaqeeq said: the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not think that neglecting any deed made a person a kaafir, apart from neglecting the prayer. This was reported by al-Tirmidhi and al-Haakim, who classed it as saheeh according to the conditions of (al-Bukhaari and Muslim). Ishaaq ibn Raahawayh, the well known imaam, said, It was reported with a saheeh isnaad from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that the one who neglects the prayer is a kaafir. This was also the view of the scholars from the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) until the present day: that the person who deliberately neglects the prayer with no valid excuse, until the time for that prayer is over, is a kaafir. Ibn Hazm said that it was reported from ‘Umar, ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf, Mu’aadh ibn Jabal, Abu Hurayrah and others among the Sahaabah. He said: “We do not know of any opposing view among the Sahaabah.” Al-Mundhiri narrated this from him in Al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, and added more names of Sahaabah: ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood, ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abbaas, Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah and Abu’l-Dardaa’ – may Allaah be pleased with them. He said: apart from the Sahaabah, there are also Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Ishaaq ibn Raahawayh, ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Mubaarak, al-Nakha’i, al-Hakam ibn ‘Utaybah, Ayyoob al-Sakhtayaani, Abu Daawood al-Tayaalisi, Abu Bakr ibn Abi Shaybah, Zuhayr ibn Harb and others.

And Allaah knows best.


Reference: Risaalah fi Hukm Taarik al-Salaah (Paper on the ruling on one who neglects the prayer) by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen.


Umar and the Black Stone

September 14, 2011 Leave a comment


Al-Bukhârî reports that ‘Umar – [Allâh be pleased with him] – came to the Black Stone (performing tawâf, circumambulation), kissed it, and said,

I know that you are a stone, you do not cause benefit or harm; and if it were not that I had seen Allâh’s Messenger –[peace and blessings of Allâh be upon him] – kiss you, I would never have kissed you.”

[Al-Bukhârî, Al-Sahîh, Chapter on what has been said about the Black Stone.]



Points to note:

 The illustrious Companion and Caliph ‘Umar reminded us in this narration of the pure belief that benefit and harm are not caused by created objects and thus should not be sought from them. Only Allâh has control over these things.


We are reminded that acts of worship are taken from Allâh’s Messenger, and a person is not supposed to make up his own way of worship, he must follow the manner of worship that the Prophet taught and practiced.


♠ We also learn that once an action is confirmed in the Sunnah, the believer submits and complies and practices it because it is confirmed that Allâh’s Messenger did it, even if we don’t know the wisdom behind it.


This narration is also an example of how a responsible person tries to clarify and do away with any misunderstandings that people may have about matters of faith. The people had recently left their unbelief and polytheism, so ‘Umar wanted to make it clear that kissing the Black Stone is by no means done as an act of devotion to it, as people used to do with their stone idols.

Adapted from Ibn Hajr, Fath Al-Bârî, and other hadîth commentaries.


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