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Allah commanded Yahya bin Zakariya to implement five commands – Tafsir Ibn Kathir

March 11, 2018 Leave a comment

 

Imam Ahmad narrated that Al-Harith Al-Ash`ari said that the Prophet of Allah said,

(Allah commanded Yahya bin Zakariya to implement five commands and to order the Children of Israel to implement them, but Yahya was slow in carrying out these commands. `Isa said to Yahya, `You were ordered to implement five commands and to order the Children of Israel to implement them. So either order, or I will do it.’ Yahya said, ‘My brother! I fear that if you do it before me, I will be punished or the earth will be shaken under my feet.’ Hence, Yahya bin Zakariya called the Children of Israel to Bayt Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem), until they filled the Masjid. He sat o­n the balcony, thanked Allah and praised him and then said, `Allah ordered me to implement five commandments and that I should order you to adhere to them.

 

1. The first is that you worship Allah alone and not associate any with Him. 

The example of this command is the example of a man who bought a servant from his money with paper or gold. The servant started to work for the master, but was paying the profits to another person. Who among you would like his servant to do that Allah created you and sustains you. Therefore, worship Him alone and do not associate anything with Him

 

2. I also command you to pray, for Allah directs His Face towards His servant’s face, as long as the servant does not turn away. So when you pray, do not turn your heads to and fro.

 

3. I also command you to fast.

The example of it is the example of a man in a group of men and he has some musk wrapped in a piece of cloth, and consequently, all of the group smells the scent of the wrapped musk. Verily, the odor of the mouth of a fasting person is better before Allah than the scent of musk.

 

4. I also command you to give charity.

The example of this is the example of a man who was captured by the enemy. They tied his hands to his neck and brought him forth to cut off his neck. He said to them, ‘Can I pay a ransom for myself’ He kept ransoming himself with small and large amounts until he liberated himself.

 

5. I also command you to always remember Allah.

The example of this deed is that of a man who the enemy is tirelessly pursuing. He takes refuge in a fortified fort. When the servant remembers Allah, he will be resorting to the best refuge from Satan.)

 

Al-Harith then narrated that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said,

(And I order you with five commandments that Allah has ordered me.

  1. Stick to the Jama`ah (community of the faithful),
  2. listen and obey (your leaders) and
  3. perform Hijrah (migration) and
  4. Jihad for the sake of Allah.
  5. Whoever abandons the Jama`ah, even the distance of a hand span, will have removed the tie of Islam from his neck, unless he returns. Whoever uses the slogans of Jahiliyah (the pre-Islamic period of ignorance) he will be among those kneeling in Jahannam (Hellfire).)

 

They said, “O Messenger of Allah! Even if he prays and fasts” He said, (Even if he prays, fasts and claims to be Muslim. So call the Muslims with their names that Allah has called them: `The Muslims, the believing servants of Allah.’)

 

This is a Hasan Hadith, and it contains the statement, “Allah has created and sustains you, so worship Him and do not associate anything with Him in worship.” This statement is relevant in the Ayat (2:21-22) we are discussing here and supports singling Allah in worship, without partners.

 

[Tafsir ibn Kathir, vol. 1]

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Luqman and his master; who was Luqman?

June 8, 2013 Leave a comment

 

The Salaf differed over the identity of Luqman; there are two opinions:

  1. was he a Prophet or
  2. just a righteous servant of Allah without the Prophethood.

 

 

The majority favored the latter view, that he was a righteous servant of Allah without being a Prophet.

 

Sufyan Ath-Thawri said, narrating from Al-Ash`ath, from Ikrimah, from Ibn Abbas,

“Luqman was an Ethiopian slave who was a carpenter.

 

 

Abdullah bin Az-Zubayr said,

“I said to Jabir bin Abdullah: `What did you hear about Luqman?’

He said: `He was short with a flat nose, and came from Nubia.”’

 

 

Yahya bin Sa`id Al-Ansari narrated from Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib that

“Luqman was from the black peoples of (southern) Egypt, and had thick lips. Allah gave him wisdom but withheld Prophethood from him.”

 

Al-Awza`i said,

“Abdur-Rahman bin Harmalah told me; `A black man came to Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib to ask him a question, and Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib said to him:

“Do not be upset because you are black, for among the best of people were three who were black: Bilal, Mahja` the freed slave of Umar bin Al-Khattab, and Luqman the Wise, who was a black Nubian with thick lips.”

 

Ibn Jarir recorded that Khalid Ar-Raba`i said:

“Luqman was an Ethiopian slave who was a carpenter. His master said to him, `Slaughter this sheep for us,’ so he slaughtered it.

 

(His master) said: `Bring the best two pieces from it,’ so he brought out the tongue and the heart.

 

Then time passed, as much as Allah willed, and (his master) said: `Slaughter this sheep for us,’ so he slaughtered it.

 

(His master) said, `Bring the worst two morsels from it,’ so he brought out the tongue and the heart.

 

His master said to him, `I told you to bring out the best two pieces, and you brought these, then I told you to bring out the worst two pieces, and you brought these!’

 

Luqman said,

`There is nothing better than these if they are good, and there is nothing worse than these if they are bad.”’

 

Shu`bah narrated from Al-Hakam, from Mujahid,

“Luqman was a righteous servant, but he was not a Prophet.”

 

[Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Surah Luqman under verse 12]

 

Two Weak hadith in Tafsir Ibn kathir mentioned under Surah an-Nas

February 14, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Imam Ibn Kathir (Rahimahullah) mentions this hadith under the Ayah 4 of Surah an-Nas:

‘From the evil of the whisperer

[Surah an-Nas verse 4]

 

[ Al-Hafidh Abu Ya’la Musily quoted a Hadith which reported the Prophet (Sallallau alaihi wasallam) as saying:

“Satan puts his hand on the heart of man. If he celebrates the remembrance of Allah he removes his hand and if he forgets Allah, Satan overcomes his heart fully. This is the ‘evil of the whisperer.’ “ ]

End quote

 

[ Musnad Abi Ya’la, 4301, Sanad is weak due to Narrator-Adi bin Abi Amaarah and Ziyad al-Nameeri. Majmo uz’ Zawaid-7/149]

 

 

And then, Imam ibn Kathir mentions another Hadith under Ayah 6 of Surah an-Nas:

Of jinn and men.’

[Surah an-Nas verse 6]

 

[ Abu Dharr reported that once he went to the mosque and sat with the Prophet. He asked me, “Did you pray?” When I said no, he said, “Offer two rak’ah.” When I again sat after finishing the prayer, he said, “Abu Dharr, seek refuge against the devils among men and jinn.” I asked, “Are there devils among men also?” He said, “Yes.” I asked him, “O Messenger of Allah, which is the greatest verse in the Qur’an?” He said, “The Verse of the Throne – (2:255).”]

[ Sunan an-Nasai Vol. 6, Book 50, Hadith 5509. This hadith also recorded by Imam Ahmed, Abu Hatim and others]

[ Sanad is weak due to Narrator Abu Amr ad-Dimashqi and AbdurRahman bin Abdullah al Mas’oodi, (Taqreeb) ]

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