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Justice and humility of Uthman bin Affan [radiAllahu anhu]

February 8, 2014 Leave a comment

 

‘Uthman had the quality of justice. It was narrated from ‘Ubayd-Allah ibn ‘Adiyy ibn al-Khiyar that he entered upon ‘Uthman [radiAllahu anhu] when he was being besieged and said to him: You are the leader of the people, and there has befallen you what you see, which is that a man who led us in prayer is the leader of this turmoil – meaning ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Udays al-Balwa – but I shall refuse to pray behind him. ‘Uthman said to him:

Prayer is the best thing that the people can do. If the people do something good then join them in that, and if they do something bad then avoid their bad deeds.

[al-Bukhari, no. 695]

 

 

Ibn Shabbah narrated with his isnad that ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan entered upon a slave of his who was feeding his she-camel, and he saw something in the feed that he disliked, so he took hold of the slave’s ear and tweaked it. Then he regretted it and said to his slave: Settle the score. The slave refused, but he did not leave him alone until he had taken hold of his ear and begun to tweak it.’Uthman said to him: Pull hard, until he thought that (the slave) had pulled as hard as he had done. Then ‘Uthman [radiAllahu anhu] said:

How easy it is to settle a score before it is settled in the Hereafter after.

[Akhbar al-Madinah by Ibn Shabbah, 3/236]

 

[Taken from: The Biography of ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan Dhun-Noorayn, page-157]

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Counsel in Sevens

September 30, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Abu Hurayrah (radyAllahu`anhu) narrated that the Prophet (salAllahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “Seven [types of] people are shaded by Allah in the shade of His Throne, on the Day when there will be no shade but His Shade [i.e. on the Day of Judgement] –

[1] a just ruler, a young man who grew up in the worship of Allah, [2] a person whose heart is attached to the mosque [and longs to return to it] from the moment he leaves it until he returns to it, [3] two persons who love each other for the sake of Allah, [4] meet for His sake and depart from each other for His sake, [5] a person who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes well up with tears, [6] a man whom an extremely beautiful and rich woman seduces, but he [rejecting her seduction] says, ‘I fear Allah’; and [7] a person who gives charity and conceals it [to such an extent] that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given.”

Narrated by Abu Hurairah & collected in Sahih al-Bukhari (english trans.) vol.1, p.356, no.629 & Sahih Muslim english trans.) vol.2, p.493, no.2248

 

Abu Bakr al-Siddiq (radyAllahu`anhu) said, “The miser will not escape one of seven things –

[1] either he will die and the one who will inherit his wealth will spend it in that which Allah the Exalted has forbidden, or [2] Allah will empower over him a tyrant ruler who will take his wealth from him after humiliating him, or [3] He will inflame in him a desire that will cause him to loose his wealth, or [4] he will have the idea of constructing a building in an unsuitable piece of land and will thus waste his wealth, or [5] one of the calamities of the dunya such as drowning, burning, theft or similar things will befall it, or [6] he will be afflicted with permanent illness and he will spend all his wealth seeking a cure, or [7] he will bury the wealth in a place which he will forget and thus will never find it again.”

 

`Umar (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

[1] The one who laughs a lot will lose his respect; [2]the one who makes mockery of people will be mocked by others; [3] the one who is excessive in something will become known for it; [4] the one who speaks a lot will make many blunders; [5] the one who makes many blunders will lose his sense of shame; [6] the one who loses his sense of shame will lose his God-consciousness; and [7] the one who loses his God-consciousness will cause his heart to die.”

`Uthman (radyAllahu`anhu) said when discussing the saying of Allah the Exalted, “And beneath it was a treasure for them, and their father was righteous man”, “the treasure is a gold tablet and on it were written seven lines:

[1] I am amazed at the one who knows death is coming yet laughs; [2] I am amazed at the one who knows that all things are predestined yet becomes distressed over what he has missed; [3] I am amazed at the one who knows about accountability and yet gathers wealth; [4] I am amazed at the one who knows about the Hellfire yet sins; [5] I am amazed at the one who believes in Allah with certainty yet remembers others beside Him; [6] I am amazed at the one who believes in Paradise with certainty yet is at ease in the dunya; and [7] I am amazed at the one who knows Satan is an enemy yet obeys him.”

 

`Ali (radyAllahu`anhu) was asked,

“What is heavier than the sky? What is wider than the earth? What is richer than the sea? What is harder than rock? What is hotter than fire? What is colder than ice? What is more bitter then poison?

 

He replied, “[1] Accusing the innocent is heavier than the sky; [2] the Truth is wider than the earth; [3] a content heart is richer than the sea; [4] the heart of a hypocrite is harder than a rock; [5] a tyrant ruler is hotter than fire; [6] being in need of help from a scoundrel is colder than ice; and [7] backbiting is more bitter than poison).”

 

Ibn `Abbas (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

“It is a duty on an intelligent person to choose seven things over seven others – [1] poverty over wealth, [2] lowliness over honour, [3] humility over arrogance, [4] hunger over satiety, [5] sadness over happiness, [6] inferiority over superiority, and [7] death over life.”

 

[Preparing For The Day Of Judgement By: Imaam Ibn Hajar Al‘ Asqalani, page 33-35]

8 Advises from 4 Khulafa-e-Rashideen [Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali]

September 23, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Abu Bakr al-Siddiq (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

“There are eight things which are adornments for eight others – [1] chastity is the adornment for poverty; [2] gratitude is the adornment for blessings; [3] patience is the adornment for calamity; [4] gentleness is the adornment for knowledge; [5] humility is the adornment for the student; [6] much crying is the adornment for fear [of Allah]; [7] not boasting of one’s generosity to its recipient is the adornment for charity; and [8] complete calmness and inner concentration is the adornment for prayer.”

 

 

`Umar (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

[1] The one who abandons superfluous speech will be given wisdom, [2] the one who abandons superfluous looking will be given the tranquillity of the heart; [3] the one who abandons superfluous food will be given delight in worship; [4] the one who abandons superfluous laughter will be given veneration; [5] the one who abandons superfluous joking will be given a beautiful appearance; [6] the one who abandons the love of the dunya will be granted the love of the Hereafter; [7] the one who abandons busying himself with the faults of others will be given the ability to rectify his own faults; and [8] the one who abandons questioning the Essence of Allah the Exalted will given security from hypocrisy.”

 

 

`Uthman (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

“Signs of a person who really know Allah are eight  [1] his heart is in a state of fear and [2] hope, [3] his tongue is in a state of praise and [4] gratitude, [5] his eyes are in a state of shame and [6] tears, and [7] his will is in leaving the dunya and [8] seeking the pleasure of his Lord.

 

 

`Ali (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

[1] There is no good in prayer without concentration and calmness; [2] there is no good in fasting without refraining from idle talk; [3] there is no good in reading without any contemplation; [4] there is no good in knowledge without piety; [5] there is no good in wealth without generosity; [6] there is no good in brotherhood without caring for another; [7] there is no good in a blessing that is short-lived; and [8] there is no good in supplication without sincerity.”

 

[Preparing For The Day Of Judgement By: Imaam Ibn Hajar Al‘ Asqalani, page 36]

9 Advises from 4 Khulafa-e-Rashideen [Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali]

September 19, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Abu Bakr al-Siddiq (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

Worshippers are of three groups, each group has three signs by which it is known – a group who worship Allah the Exalted out of fear; a group who worship Allah out of hope; and a group who worship Allah out of love. For the first group there are three signs – they disparage themselves; deem their righteous deeds to be few; and there evil deeds to be plenty. For the second group there are three signs – They are an example to others in all situations; they are the most generous of all people in spending their wealth; and they have the best opinion amongst creatures regarding Allah. As for the third group there are three signs – they gave away what they love most and do not care as long as their Lord is pleased with them; and they do that which will displease their nafs to please their Lord, and they are with their Lord in every situation, whether it be in [following] His commandments or [avoiding] His prohibitions.”

 

`Umar (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

The progeny of Satan are nine Zaltun, Wathin, Laqus, A`wan, Haffaf, Murra, al-Musawwit, Dasim and Walhan. Zaltun commands the markets and he unfurls his banner therein; Wathan commands catastrophes; A`wan commands rulers; Haffaf commands intoxicants; Murra commands licentious music; Laqus commands the Magians; Al-Musawwit commands [false] news which he puts in the mouths of people while they know not its origin; Dasim commands houses; if a man were to enter his house without greeting his wife and family with salam and mentioning the name of Allah the Exalted, Dasim will cause a dispute between husband and wife such that it leads to divorce, separation, or violence; as for Walhan, he whispers [in people’s ears] during ablution, prayer, and other acts of worship.”

 

`Uthman (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

The one who observes the five daily prayers in their proper times and is constant in this, Allah will honour him with nine miracles – Allah will love him, his health will be good, angels will protect him, blessedness (baraka) will descend on his house, the sign of the righteous will be  apparent on his face, Allah will soften his heart, he will cross the bridge of al-sirat al-mustaqim [in the Hereafter] at the speed of a flash of lightening, Allah will save him from Hellfire, and Allah will place him amongst the people who have no fear nor are they ever sad.”

 

`Ali (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

“Shedding tears is of three types – the first is from the fear of Allah’s punishment, the second is from the fear of Allah’s anger, and the third is from the fear of being cut off from Allah. The first one is a compensation for sins, the second is purification from faults, and the third is elevation to the ranks of sainthood accompanied by the pleasure of the Beloved. The fruit of the compensation of sins is salvation from punishment; the fruit of the purification of faults is eternal bliss and high ranks; and the fruit of the elevation to the ranks of sainthood accompanied by the pleasure of the Beloved is glad tidings from Allah the Exalted of His pleasure, of seeing Him, of the visiting of angels, and of an increase in virtue.”

 

[Preparing For The Day Of Judgement By: Imaam Ibn Hajar Al‘ Asqalani, page 37-38]

 

10 Advises from 4 Khulafa-e-Rashideen [Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali]

September 16, 2013 Leave a comment

 

Abu Bakr al-Siddiq (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

“There is not a servant whom Allah has given the following ten traits except that he will be saved from all pitfalls and afflictions, reach the rank of those who are close to Allah, and attain the position of the pious ones – the first is perpetual truthfulness together with a content heart; the second, complete patience together with permanent gratitude; the third, perpetual poverty together with ever-present asceticism (zuhd); the fourth, uninterrupted contemplation together with an empty stomach; the fifth, lasting sadness together with continuous fear; the sixth, perpetual struggle together with a humble body; the seventh, perpetual gentleness together with ever-present mercy; the eighth, perpetual love [of Allah] together with shame; the ninth, beneficial knowledge together with perpetual patience; and the tenth, perpetual faith (iman) with an unflappable intellect.”

 

 

`Umar (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

“Ten things are not right without ten others –[1] intelligence without God-consciousness, [2] superiority without knowledge, [3] success without fear, [4] power without justice, [5] noble lineage without manners, [6] happiness without security, [7] wealth without generosity, [8] poverty without contentment, [9] [having] a high and exalted position without humility, and [10] jihad without the guidance and support of Allah.”

 

 

`Uthman (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

“The most futile of all things are ten – [1] a scholar who is not asked, [2] knowledge which is not acted upon, [3] a correct opinion which is not accepted, [4] a weapon which is not used, [5] a mosque wherein none pray, [6]a copy of the Qur’an which is not read, [7] wealth which is not spent, [8] a horse which is not mounted, [9] knowledge of asceticism by one who pursues the dunya, and [10] a long life in which no provisions have been prepared for the departure,”

 

 

`Ali (radyAllahu`anhu) said,

[1] Knowledge is the best inheritance, [2] good manners are the best craft, [3] piety is the best provision, [4] worship is the best baggage, [5] righteous action is the best guide, [6] good character is the best companion, [7]gentleness is the best advisor, [8] contentment is the best wealth, [9] [divine] assistance is the best ally, and [10] death is the best teacher.”

 

[Preparing For The Day Of Judgement By: Imaam Ibn Hajar Al‘ Asqalani, page 39-40]

 

Making things easy for a Muslim – Very Important aspect in today’s age

June 16, 2013 Leave a comment

 

It is related that Abu Hurayra [radiAllahu anhu] said that the Messenger of Allah [Sallallahu alaihi wasallam] said,

“If anyone relieves his brother of one of the afflictions of this world, Allah will relieve him of one of the afflictions of the Day of Rising.

 

Allah will give ease in this world and the Next to anyone who eases the hardship of another.

 

Allah will veil anyone who veils another Muslim in this world and the Next.

 

Allah will help His slave as long as His slave is helping his brother.

 

If anyone travels a path by which he seeks knowledge, Allah will make the way to the Garden easy for him.

 

People do not meet in the mosque to recite the Book of Allah and study it together without tranquillity descending on them, mercy covering them, and the angels encircling them.

 

If someone is slow in acting by it, his ascription to it is not hastened. “

[Muslim 36/2699 and at- Tirrnidhi 2945]

 

AI-Mubarakpuri said in Tuhfat’l-Awadhi,

“If anyone relieves his brother of one of the afflictions of this world,’ means removes it from him and relieves him of it’. “

 

At-Tayyibi said,

“It is as if he had opened someone’s trachea enabling them to breathe. It is similar to the saying, ‘You are in breath.’ It is as if their calamity was like something blocking the trachea. When they are relieved of it they can breathe again. What is meant by ‘brother’ is brother in faith.”

 

According to a variant reading of the hadith found in Muslim,

“If anyone relieves a believer of one of the afflictions of the Day of Rising, Allah will relieve him.” Since all creatures are the dependants of Allah and relieving affliction is doing good, Allah repays the person who does that with an ample repayment; as Allah says, “Shall the recompense for doing good be other than consummate good?” (55:60)

 

The words “Anyone who veils a Muslim” refers to veiling the ugly actions which he does. One should not disgrace him or clothe him in a garment which Allah has concealed – in other words, reveal his faults or nakedness.

 
An-Nawawi said in his commentary on the words of the Prophet [sallallau alaihi wasallam],

“On the Day of Rising, Allah will veil anyone who veils another Muslim”:

The veiling being recommended here is covering the faults and flaws of those who are not known for causing harm and corruption. In the case of one of those who are known for that, it is recommended not to veil them but that one present their case to those in authority, provided that one does not fear harm from doing it. That is because covering up for this sort of person encourages him to continue his harm, corruption, violation of sacred things, and inciting others to do similar actions. In any case the veiling referred to applies to acts of disobedience which occurred in the past and have now ended.

 
If someone sees another actually involved in doing an act of disobedience, then he must hasten to object to it and forbid it to the best of his ability. It is not lawful to put off doing that. If he is unable to do it, he should report it to the authorities, provided that will not result in further corruption.
The words “anyone who eases the hardship of another” refer to making things easy for someone who is poor, including both believers and unbelievers. In other words, if anyone is owed something by someone poor and one makes it easy for him by deferring it or forgoing some or all of it, “Allah will give him ease” in exchange for his making things easy for His slave, thus giving one repayment in kind.

 

 
In Fayd al-Qadir, the commentary on al-Jami’ as-Saghir, al-Munawi said:

The words “Anyone who veils another Muslim in this world” refer to veiling his ugly actions, and the words “does not disgrace him” mean by making known something which might cause him shame in respect of his deen, honour, property, or family. So you should not disgrace or expose him by talking about such things. The words “Allah will veil him on the Day of Rising” mean that He will not disgrace him in front of people by displaying his faults and wrong actions. On the contrary, Allah will make his reckoning easy and not punish him, since because He is Living and Generous. Veiling faults is one facet of modesty and generosity.

 
‘Uthman summoned some suspect people and then sent a party out to arrest them, but they split up and he did not manage to capture them. He freed a slave out of thankfulness to Allah Almighty that the abasement of no Muslim should occur at his hands.

 

[Injustice and the Unjust by Shaykh  Muhammad Mitwalli Al-Sharawi , page 11-13]

 

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